After Palermo on the east coast of the Ionian Sea, Catania is the second largest city in Sicily. With all the noise, chaos and dirt that strikes the visitor at first glance, Catania has a strong magnetic attraction. Guide to Catania Italy. Cards, articles, photos and travel guides about the most important sights of Catania. Catherine is a city on the east coast of Sicily at the foot of Etna, the largest volcano in Europe.