Islands in MauiMaui Islands
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With 727 islands, the second biggest of the Hawaii islands is Maui (; Hawaiian: [?m?wwi]). It is 2 sq. km (1,883 km2) and is the seventeenth biggest of the United States. Maui is part of the state of Hawaii and is the biggest of the four islands of Maui County, to which Moloka?i, L?na?i and Kaho?olawe belong.
Maui had 144,444 inhabitants in 2010, the third highest of the islands in Hawaii, behind O?ahu and Hawai?i Iceland. With 26,337 inhabitants (as of 2010), Kahului is the biggest place of the people' s survey on the island[update] and is the trade and finance centre of the isle. 5 ]Wailuku is the headquarters of Maui County and since 2010 the third biggest CDP[update].
Further important places are K?hei (including Wailea and Makena in Kihei Town CDP, the second largest CDP on the island), Lahaina (including K??anapali and Kapalua in Lahaina Town CDP), Makawao, Pukalani, P??ia, Kula, Ha?ik? and H?na. The indigenous Hwaiian traditions give the origins of the island's name in the myth of Hawai?iloa, the sailor attributed to the exploration of the Hwaiian islands.
Thus Hawai?iloa gave the name to the isle after his own boy, who in turn was given the name M?ui after the deity. Maui' s former name was ?Ihikapalaumaewa. 6 ] The Isle of Maui is also known as the "Valley Island" because the great strait separates its northwest and southeast volcanoes. This older, westerly vulcano is heavily escalated and crossed by many drainage channels that form the summits of the West Maui Mountains (in Hawaii, Mauna Kahalawai).
Bigger, younger vulcano in the eastern part, Haleakal?, stands more than 3,000 meters above sealevel and is 5 kilometers (8.0 km) from the seabed to the apex. Maui' s isthmus, which divides the two volcanoes, was created by sand erosion sediment. The Maui is part of a much bigger entity, Maui Nui, which encompasses the islands L?na?i, Kaho?olawe, Moloka?i and the penguin bank that has now gone into hiding.
In times of sinking water levels, even 20,000 years ago, they are connected to a unique archipelago due to the shallow depth of the canals between them. Hawaii' s islands are characterised by a two-year period, temperate and even weather everywhere (except in high altitudes), pronounced geographical variations in precipitation, high levels of rel. air moisture, large clouds (except on the dryest shores and in high altitudes) and dominating Trade winds (especially in locations below a few thousand feet).
The Maui itself has a broad spectrum of climates and meteorological influences from various elements in the area: the temperature, the humidity and the humidity: Maui is half 5 km (8.0 km) from the island's coast. This and the extremely insular nature of the Hawaii islands explain the powerful impact of the sea on the Maui' s climates.
Groundwater levels are usually dictated by the height and direction to the trade wind (the predominant wind direction is from the northeast). In one way or another, the mountain, valley and wide, open hillsides displace the wind that blows into the interior of the country during the trade wind. The climate of Maui is exceptional and varied, each of which is different for a loose sub-region of the isle.
This sub-region is determined by important physiographical characteristics (such as hills and valleys) and by its position on the upwind or lee side of the isle. WINWARD Lowland - Below 2,000 ft (610 m) on the north-northeast side of an isle. Approximately vertical to the wind speed of the predominant trade wind. Drought is predominant, with the exceptions of occasional downpours that float over the hills to wind and during brief stormds.
Low-lying hillsides on the lee side - The precipitation is higher than in the neighbouring lowland landscapes, but much lower than at comparable elevations on the upwind-side. However, the maximal precipitation usually appears in the lee of the ridges of the lowlands. The temperature is higher than on the wet hillsides of the windwards side of the hills; the clouds are almost as high.
Highlands - Above about 5,000 ft (1,500 m) on Haleakal?, precipitation levels decrease as altitude increases. In the whole lowland an overwhelmingly dominating passat wind ensures a dryer time of the year in it. 10 ] If the islands of the state of Hawaii did not existed, the mean yearly precipitation on the same surface of the sea would be about 640 mm.
Instead, the rocky terrain of Maui and the other islands leads to an effective diameter of about 70in. There are the strongest fluctuations in precipitation every day in summers, as most of the summers are torrential rain, which occurs most frequently at nights. This occurs when the wintry rain does not cause enough heavy rain and affects the normally arid areas outside the Trade Fairs that are most dependent on them.
Winters 2011-2012 led to extremely dry weather on the leewards of Moloka'i, Maui and the island of Hawaii. A mixture of hot tropic sun, changing air moisture, sea breeze and Tradewind and different altitudes creates a multitude of different climatic conditions. Though small, the island of Maui can be very different in each of its districts, resulting in a uniquely diverse range of localities: a microclimate that is characteristic of each of its characteristic places:
New Maui ; Leeward South Maui und West Maui ; Luv North Shore und East Maui ; und Upcountry Maui. The Central Maui is mainly composed of Kahului and Wailuku. It is the centre of the archipelago and tends to maintain constant high temperature throughout the year. Wailuku area is nearer to the West Maui Mountains.
The upwind side covers the north coast (Paia and Haiku) and east Maui (Keanae, Hana and Kipahulu). In the predominant north-east trade wind, these areas have stronger precipitation, which increases significantly at higher altitudes. Maui inland ( "Makawao", "Pukalani" and "Kula") at an altitude of 1,700 to 4,500 feet offers warmth (70s and low 80s) and cold nights during the outdoors.
Exceptions are the sporadic Kona storm, which rains in the southern and western areas with high south-westerly breezes (contrary to the predominant tradeswaters). It is home to a large rain forest on the northeast flank of Haleakal?, which is the catchment area for the remainder of the isle.
Tahitian and Marquesas Polynesian were the native inhabitants of Maui. Kamehameheha I, Hawai?i, kingdom of the Isle, entered Maui in 1790 and struggled in the fruitless Kepaniwai fight, but went back to Hawai?i to fight a competitor who eventually defeated Maui a few years later. The researcher James Cook was the first American to see Maui on 26 November 1778.
He has never been on the spot because he could not find a proper touchdown. Maui was visited by the arrival of the Jean-François de Galaup, Adm. de Lapérouse, who arrived on the banks of today's La Perouse Bay on 29 May 1786.
Teaching literacy, creating the 12-letter Hwaiian language, founding a print shop in Lahaina and making the islands' story, which had been passed on verbally until then. These were followed by sovereigns from another old chieftain dynasty, among them queen Lili?uokalani, who were ousted in 1893 when the Kingdom of Hawaii was overthrown by US commercial interests.
A year later the Republic of Hawaii was established. In 1898 the US invaded the archipelago and declared its land in 1900. The Vibora Luviminda labour organization carried out the last ethnical strikes on the islands of Maui in 1937 against four Maui sugar cane farms, calling for higher salaries and the release of five workers.
He was a central participant in the Pacific Theatre of the Second World War as a production centre, exercise centre and place for peace and serenity. In 2007, the country saw a dramatic increase in populations, with K?hei one of the fastest expanding cities in the United States (see graph below). Many retired people were drawn to the islands, enriching the fast expanding number of visitors with services.
Latest estimations suggest that the overall amount of drinking in Maui is around 476 million US gallons (1,800,000 m3) per day, almost all of which are discharged into the sea. Emil Tedeschi of the Napa Valley winegrowing group of Calistoga, California, founded the first wine cellar in Hawaii, the Tedeschi Wine Cellar at Ulupalakua Ranch in 1974.
Maui' s most important industrial sector is the tourist one. It is also strongly represented in the fields of farming and information technologies. Maui High Performance Computing Centre (MHPCC) at the Maui Optical and Supercomputing Observatory of the Air Force in K?hei is a research lab of the United States Air Force, headed by the University of Hawaii.
Snorkelling is one of the most beloved of Maui. More than 30 snorkelling spots and coves can be found around the isle. Maui, the beautiful Balearic Islands of Hawaii, was named "Best of the World " because of the beautiful climate and the fact that Maui has the best sands.
Wherever you are on the Isle of Maui, you are near the most stunning snorkelling spots in the whole wide area. Well-known for their year-round Trade Winds. Maui' s tradesmen' s breezes come mostly from the north-east and make the most favourite snorkelling spots on the southern and western banks of Maui.
Many of the peaks on Maui help with the trades wind, which cannot be reached by the southern and western shores of the islands, making the sea very clear and serene. Snorkelling is a must when you visit the Isle of Maui. Snorkelling on some of the most attractive shores is one of the most favourite in Maui.
Lots of traveling humans cover tens of thousand of kilometres from all over the globe to snorkel in Maui, Hawaii to see all types of tropic and wildlife. The bay of Honolua is situated on the Isle of Maui, a beautiful sandy spot much loved by local residents and visitors. It is situated on the north west side of the archipelago in a very remote area about 20 min from any hotelier or resorts.
Snorkelling in the bay of Honolua is usually accompanied by a very varied fishing fleet and sometimes even marine tortoises. The Maui is a well-known windsurfer's target. Wind surfing has developed on Maui since the early 1980s, when it was recognised as an excellent place to test gear and promote the game.
This is one of the most beloved sport in Hawaii. Maui' s northern side has the highest swelling absorption during the cold seasons and the southern and western parts in this area. Because of the blockade of the islands, the southern waves in summers are rather faint and seldom. Kiteboarding /Surfing is one of the newest sport on Maui.
Major touristic destinations in Maui are the H?na Highway, Haleakal? National Park, Iao Valley and Lahaina. H?na Highway follows the eastern shore of Maui, winds around hills and passes dark sandy shores and falls. Snorkelling is possible on almost every type of sandy spot along the Maui coastline.
Windurfing is also very much liked on Maui. The Maui county greeted 2,207,826 tourists in 2004 who rise to 2,639,929 in 2007 with overall spending for tourism due to be located just north of US$3. 5 billion for the Isle of Maui alone. Whilst the isle O?ahu is the most visited by Japanese-stayers, the isle of Maui mainly attracts people from the US continental and Canada: in 2005 there were 2,003,492 internal flights to the isle, up from 260,184 from abroad.
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