Cook Islands PopulationCo-cook islands population
The Cook Islands (10,900 inhabitants) a match before the Rugby World Cup
RESIDENTS:'THE MAJORITY OF the Cook Islands' 10,900[nice round number, the] residents will be in the mood for their team's game against Fiji on Saturday afternoons. By beating a side 35 places higher in the global ranking, the country will be qualified for the Rugby Challenge.
Under the leadership of former Leinster props Stan Wright,'The Cookies' won the right to beat Fiji - two-time World Cup quarter-finalists - against the Solomon Islands, Tahiti and Papua New Guinea. Though they were nearing World Cup qualifying for the 1999 and 2007 competitions, Tonga could equalize them on both of them.
If Fiji won by shock[11th], the Cook Islands would be Oceania 1 for next year's World Cup in England. You would be placed in Pool A with the heavyweight rugbys Australia, Wales and host England. As Bobo said to the IRB website: "It's 80 min. of footage and we won't take the Cook Islands for light.
We' ve got to start playing as a side from the first second. When we show an invidual game, it will be hard to beat.
Cokoo Islands: Migration from a micro-state
For a long time, the Cook Islands have provided archetypal pictures of the Pacific: a number of 15 islands stretching over one million km2 of the oceans and populated by Polynesians in a subtropical area". Diaspora, which is mainly New Zealand, now accounts for 70 per cent of the entire Cook Island population.
In the 1990', the home Member State was facing major restructuring and restructuring problems, is fighting in financial and political terms and has relocated the EU's centre of economy and culture to New Zealand. Populated by Polynesians, the Cook Islands comprise a major isle, Rarotonga, and widely scattered etolls across a vast oceans.
Both of the remaining tongues are Maori and Pukapukan. Cultureally and linguisticly the Cook Island Maori resemble the Maori of New Zealand. In 1888 the Cook Islands were proclaimed a British protectorate and were incorporated by the New Zealand government in 1901. The islands were managed by New Zealand from 1901 to 1965 and have been " free associations " with New Zealand since 1965.
Today, the Cook Islands government is in charge of municipal management, while New Zealand is in charge of defense and foreign relations. In spite of times when relations between the two nations were disrupted, the Cook Islands have not striven for full autonomy for two main reasons: New Zealand's dependence on assistance and the advantages of New Zealand nationality.
However, this nexus with New Zealand and the possibility to move between the two nations had little effect until the 1950'. New Zealand was very unemployed in the post-war years, both half- and full-time. Recruitment by New Zealand began throughout Polynesia, especially in Samoa and Tonga.
Tokelau and Niue, the Cook Islands and other areas managed by New Zealand, saw a mix of drivers of migration. The Polynesians were looking for more jobs and education, workplaces were looking for new resources for untrained workers, and the New Zealand government promoted immigration to offer the people of the Caribbean new possibilities and a bright outlook.
The migration was supported by the use of collonial ties, which means that the law, education and labour legislation of New Zealand and the Cook Islands were similar, if not the same. "Because of their many inherent ties with New Zealand, the Cook Islands have decided to exert their right to self-government.... but not at this point in their history as an independent, sovereign state.
The Cook Islands were particularly motivated to migrate in the post-war era by a shared legislative and political environment and a single labour force. There was an increase in the influx of immigrants from the Cook Islands in the 1950' and 1960'. During the first half of the twentieth centuries, the population of the Cook Islands grew from 8,213 in 1902 to 15,079 in 1951.
Its population increased further, peaking at 21,322 in 1971, which now appears to have stabilised at around 18,000. But there are different demographical effects on the population. The inter-censual (five-year) intergrowth was 2 per cent per annum in 1971, but had increased to -3.2 per cent by 1976, a decrease of 3,196 of the population, and by 1991 there had been a decline in that number.
In spite of a raw birthrate (births per thousand inhabitants) of around 22 in the 80s and 90s, the overall population has further decreased and the dependence rates, particularly on the biggest Rarotonga isle, reflect the emigration of the working age population towards New Zealand. There is an ageing population.
The 2002 population estimate of around 18,000 in the Cook Islands also includes a significant percentage of visitors, and the "normal residence category" is put at only 13,500. That is in contradiction to the fast growing diaspora population. Cook Islanders' first significant journey to New Zealand took place in the 1950' when they were hired as untrained farmhands in Hawkes Bay.
The ensuing migrations took place to other countryside and individual industrial cities such as Kawerau on the North Island. In terms of birth rates, the intercentual increase of Cook Islanders in New Zealand was significant. From 1976 to 1981, the population of Cook Island in New Zealand increased by 1,692 or 13.
As a result, there were 52,600 Cook Islanders in New Zealand in the 2001 census, making it the second biggest populated province in the Philippines and tripling the population of Cook Island. New Zealand's Cook Island population grew strongly through a mix of childbirth and immigration, growing by 5,200 or 11 per cent between 1996 and 2001.
Its population is relatively young (42 per cent were under 15 in 2001) and 70 per cent were at that time from New Zealand. There are increasing disparities in education, skills, professional activity and incomes between New Zealanders native to New Zealand and those native to Cook Island, and even greater disparities with the population of the home state.
Although these disparities are important, they are less significant than the opposites between the Isle and New Zealand - for other Pacific immigrant groups, both because there is a shared political framework between New Zealand and the Cook Islands, and because the Maori on Cook Islands are very similar in language and culture to the native Maori population of New Zealand.
Mixed marriage, especially to Pakeha (the dominating population of Europe's origin), has been instrumental in this proces. While there is some repatriation, the maturity and growth of the New Zealand fellowship makes it more and more dominating, in economic, political and cultural terms. New Zealand citizenship makes it relatively simple for Cook Islanders to stay and journey between the two states.
It is underscored by New Zealand's importance as an economical tourist location for Cook Island produce, the fact that there is a single English and education system and that there are important multicultural links between the Maori of the Cook Islands and New Zealand. It' s in many ways simpler to move or act between Rarotonga and Auckland than between the Cook's remote islands.
In the mid-1990s, two third of workers in the Cook Islands were government employees, and the country's business governance was scrutinised by New Zealand (the largest development assistance donor) and the world' s financial institutions for financial viability and creditworthiness. In addition, the Cook Islands government attempted to raise extra income by granting large corporations credits and subsequently participating in the deployment of on-line gaming and gaming services.
At the end of the 90s, the New Zealand and Australia government, in cooperation with a number of financial institutions, demanded extensive restructuring of the Cook Islands government, which had a significant effect on jobs and incomes locally. Recently, in 2002, the Financial Action Task Force of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development placed the Cook Islands on a black list of nations that have provided criminal finance for the purpose of providing the criminal with funds for the purpose of combating fraud, crime and the like.
As a result, the Cook Islands (or the Crook Islands, as one paper called them) were poorly managed and implicated in questionable fiscal practice. "Cumulatively, populations are growing, racial tension, growing socio-economic inequalities, sovereign failure and the effects of emerging economies. This development promotes continued migration and underlines the importance of the Diaspora population to the disadvantage of the canton.
The Cook Islands and New Zealand have been connected in cultural and economic terms throughout the twentieth centuries, and although this relation is uneven, it has nevertheless led to the Cook Islanders growing up with New Zealand as an important point of point of reference. 2. New Zealand's proactive recruiting by New Zealand in the 1950' and 1960', coupled with the ambition of Cook Islanders to improve education and job opportunities, also signalled a significant rise in the number of Cook Islanders moving in the mid-20th year.
Over the past ten years, Cook Islanders have been in dire straits financially, and New Zealand, as one of the major donors of assistance, needed to make restructuring to meet the new funding challenge. Intergovernmental relationships have been tense at times, but the drop in the number of civil servants in the Cook Islands and the general cyclical problems in the business sector have led to continued migration to New Zealand.
New Zealand's large and relatively prosperous population presents a Cook Island administration with major challenge in curbing migration or attracting Cook Islanders. "Cash scratchers near to home," New Zealand Herald, June 16, A19. "The Breathing Space for Tax Havens", New Zealand Herald, March 4, A6. Goverment of the Cook Islands, 2003.
Co-cook islands country information. Statistical Office of the Cook Islands. Sociostatistics. Statistical Office of the Cook Islands, Avarua. "going-to-the-wall", New Zealand Listener, November 2, 53. "The Tiny Island Nations Lefted to Big Crime", New Zealand Herald, 10. Dezember, A16. In Aotearoa, Dunmore Press, Palmerston North, The Evolving Identities of Pacific Peoples in Aotearoa/Neuseeland.
"Crook Islands. In Aotearoa, Dunmore Press, Palmerston North, The Evolving Identities of Pacific Peoples in Aotearoa/Neuseeland. New Zealand Statistics, 2003. Maori Cook Island, statistics New Zealand, Wellington. "Immigrant in the 1981 Census", in Trlin, A.D. and Spoonley, P. (ed.), New Zealand and International Migration. assey University, Dunmore Press, 40-57.