The Rakahanga Atlas | The Cook Islands, Pacific Ocean
The Rakahanga Åtoll, one of the norther Cook Islands, a self-governing state in free Association with New Zealand in the South Pacific. This is a thinly inhabited, 5 km long square island with eight islands. The Rakahanga is also known as Grand Duke Alexander Island, Reirson Island and Little Ganges Island.
It was populated by Polynesians for centuries before it was discovered in 1606 by the portugese sailor Petro Fernández de Quirós. The United Kingdom (1889) was incorporated and later placed under New Zealand management (1901). Because of its energetic demand, the Avatar depends on sunlight. The Rakahanga has a college, a cathedral and a conference room.
At the beginning of the 21 st cent. the extreme low situated tunnel was regarded as threatened by climatic changes. Surface area (land only) 1.6 sq. mls. (4.1 sq. km).
12. I' m Rakahanga | Gnetc.
Raqahanga to the equator: 1,1111 km, to Rarotonga: 1,248 km, to Manihiki: The Rakahanga and its twin Manihiki were found by Huku (or Hiuku, Hiku, Iku). Contaminated areas, which are called antique nicknames of both isles, are part of the story of the discovery: Rarotonga, although this is called into question by Sharp (2).
Huku came on a angling trip to a part of the sea known as Te Tukuanga I Whakahotu: On Upgrowth only (5), and went back to Rarotonga. The Manihik variant of Maui-muri referred to Manahiki Islands (7). There are some accounts of the country's division into two parts, Rakahanga and Manihiki, attributed to Maui (8), but this is rejected by Buck (9).
Huku found a floating Kokosnuss and plant it at a place, which he called Te Maru-o-Araiawa. And then he went back to Rarotonga. Though Huku kept his discoveries a man called Wheatu (or Featu) suspected that Huku had found new ground. After a foreboding, Huku together with his sibling Tapairu (Tapaeru-taki-etu) and her man Toa again sailed.
and Huku left the same. In order to get the Isle settled, Toa had no other option but to take his girls as spouses. This is the origins of the Rakahanga Manihiki (14) around the mid-14th cent. A different variation of the finding is given in a Rarotongan custom.
On Tongareva a man by the name of Are-ariki had established himself. Then they went to Rarotonga, but a fishing tackle that Toa had let into the ocean was there. When he had stayed there, he went back to Rarotonga to tell his sire. "Returns and pulls it up, for it is land." By the time Toa got back to this place, he realized that Maui had already raised the area.
Wrestling together, they broke the country to bits by kicking Maui's toes. In the early nineteenth centuary a driftboat from Rurutu found all the humans in Manihiki, while Rakahanga was deserted (19). A brochure states that it is generally assumed that Magellan may have found the Isle in 1521 (not 1561 in print) (20), but no other evidence was found to support it.
He was so impressed by Juan de Torquemada, a monk from the Franciscans, that he mentioned the discovery: Gente Hermosa and Beautiful Peo- Page 41 p. m. Peregrina (pilgrim), Quiros said. Luis Vaes de Torres, another member of the group, calls it La Matanza (slaughter). It was not until 1852 that Manihiki was finally populated, and this isle is also much more fragmented.
Others, on the other hand, call it Manihiki (22). According to Buck it was Olosenga or Swains Iceland (23). Rakahanga was found on August 8, 1820 and was called Grand Duke Alexander Iceland. On 13 October 1820, Captain Patrickson of the "Good Hope" called it Reirson Iceland. Different name of the isle were::
Francis or French, Princess Marianne Iceland, Rierson Iceland, Alliconga Iceland (25a). In 1901 the isle was incorporated into New Zealand's borders (29). Often Rakahanga (31) was written.