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Hawaii State legislation is the state legislation of the state of Hawaii. State Legislative is a two-chamber committee comprising a lower chamber, the Hawaii State Chamber of representations, with 51 members, and an upper chamber, the 25-member Hawaii State Senate. It has 76 members who represent individual member counties on the island.
Legislative power is conferred in accordance with Article III of the Constitution of Hawaii. Legislative meetings are held in the Hawaii State Capitol Buildings in the Honolulu City, Oahu Isle. Legislative is a descendant of the two House of Representatives for the Kingdom of Hawaii, the Legislative of the Kingdom of Hawaii established in the Constitution of the Kingdom of 1840 and subsequently in the Constitution of 1852 as Legislative of the Islands of Hawaii, comprising the House of Representatives (Hawaiian Kingdom) and the House of Nobles.
After the downfall and downfall of the kingdom in 1894 by US citizens, this legislature became the legislature of the briefly founded Republic of Hawaii and soon after its annexation by the United States in 1898 under the reorganized territory of Hawaii. Hawaii's present state legislature was set up after the adoption of the Hawaii Admission Act by the United States Congress in 1959, when the territory of Hawaii entered the Union as the Fiftieth Amendment.
Its 51 members are appointed for an unlimited period of two years. Its 25 members are appointed for four years, also for an unlimited period of office. As many other state legislations in the United States, the Hawaii State Legislature is a part-time legislature and lawmakers often have proactive career outside the state.
The members of both institutions elect presidents from their number, such as the President of the House and the President of the Senate. Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii, who also acts as Hawaii's foreign minister's counterpart, is completely excluded from the legislation now. Every meeting of the state legislation takes two years and starts in every year.
The Hawaiian Constitution, Article III, Section 10, states that the legislator must meet at 10:00 a.m. on the third Wednesday in January. However, at the end of the period of the enactment of the Biennium, all legislative proposals that did not exist must be resubmitted at the next Sitting.
The Hawaii Senate's Article III, Section 7 of the Hawaii Constitution states that members of the Hawaii senate must have resided in Hawaii for more than three years, have reached adulthood and must remain a competent constituent of the constituency from which the individual wishes to be selected before submission of the nominations and thereafter.
Hawaiian members of the Hawaii Chamber of Representatives must also have been resident in Hawaii for more than three years, have reached adulthood and are living in their home neighborhood. Hawaii State Legislative was transferred to the Hawaii State Capitol in the Capital District near Honolulu city center on March 15, 1969.
Legislators relocated to neighboring institutions in the Capital District when the Capitol was shut down for four years in the 90s for the purpose of removing airborne stains. Legislative has returned to the Capitol for the 1996 sitting. Before Governor John A. Burns decided to construct the new Capitol Palace, the Hawaiian government gathered at ?Iolani Palace.