Who made the Easter Island StatuesAnd who made the Easter Island statues?
Where did the solid statues of stones arrive on Rapa Nui - better known as Easter Island - with thimbles? They may have taken loading platforms, cables and a remarkable small staff. Most of these are almost two metres (6.6 feet) wide and weighs around 12 tonnes (26,500 pounds).
A lot of scholars had asked themselves how the statues got their solid headdress, which consists of a seperate part - and a different kind of rock - than every one. Polynesians first inhabited the island around 1200. This 164 square kilometre island is located in the Pacific Ocean, about halfway between the western coastline of Chile (in South America) and the Pacific archipelago of Tahiti.
The island' s inhabitants made almost 1,000 statues of humans out of vulcanic rocks. Several hundred of them were placed on the island's coastline. Mr. Hixon is an archeologist at Pennsylvania State University in University Park. It was part of a research project that investigated the renowned cairns and their tops, named Pukago.
Our staff concentrated on a dozen herds. Scientists were looking for things the giant rock caps had in common that could help them understand how they were made and used. They have now learnt that the cylindric headdress could have been curled to the top of the statues.
The rocks could have been turned over to stand up straight on the huge people. A previous study had recommended that the people of Rapa Nui push Pukão onto timber platforms instead. Someone else suggests that the statues were placed on top of Pukago while these rocks were there. Then it could be that the sculpture and the cap were raised together.
Carl Lipo is an archeologist at Binghamton University in New York. He headed a group five years ago describing how the locals were moving the huge statues. The explorers came to the conclusion that the island' s inhabitants used cables to swing statues back and forth. When some statues dropped along the way, the inhabitants of the island abandoned them at the roadside.
Behind the cliffs on the lefthand side you can see how they were created. The plinths of the pebbles are not shallow, but rather cut on a lightly slant. Pirkao were cut from a striking scarlet cliff. Hixon's crew now says that the barrels were probably placed on their sides and wheeled over unpaved streets to sculpture places.
Redish stone falls strewn around the statues indicate that the statues were sculpted into their definitive form on site. The secret: How was the doll moving on the statuehead? Now Hixon's group suggests that earth and stone platforms would have allowed entrance to the apexes. Workmen could have roll these caps up the ramp with a technology named parbockling.
On the top of the platform, the people of the island could have tilted the doll on the top of a sculpture. You were looking for evidence of 3-D mock-ups of 10 pukaos abandoned in a stone pit. They may have permitted a tight seating on the sculpture faces. As soon as the pupkao was in place, the workmen would have taken off the platform and flattened the pedestals of the statues so that the statues would be upright.
As soon as the hat-like pupkao was in his place, the sculptors would have balanced the pedestal of the sculpture so that it was standing up. She' an authority on Rapa Nui statues at the University of California, Los Angeles. The basic angle of the statues is very different, she says. This would make it hard and risky to raise them up.
The parbockling of long ramps would not have been effective, she added. She says it would not have relieved all the work that would have been necessary to get the solid barrels on the statues' tops. She thinks it's more likely that the statues and dolls were brought together. Your crew used a log framework to carry a reproduction of a rock sculpture and pupkao to an exhibition area.
Then, the crew pulled the framework with cables and the sculpture up the bridge to the plate. But the huge statues and pupkao were moving and erected, one thing seems clear, says Lipo: This is comparable to other imposing old rock relics, such as the English Stonehenge.