What is new Zealand part ofWho is New Zealand part of
New Zealand's Sir Don McKinnon was Secretary General of the Commonwealth 2000-08. The Commonwealth Writers' Awards have been won by six New Zealanders: Aotearoa is New Zealand's Maori name, which means "land of the long white cloud". Well irrigated and fruitful South Pacific mountains, New Zealand is made up of two large isles ( "North Island" and "South Island"), Stewart Iceland and a number of islets.
At Wellington ( "Capital, Pap. 190,065 in 2013; the greater Wellington area comprises Lower Hutt, Porirua and Upper Hutt), Auckland (427,110; Agglomeration comprises Manukau, North Shore and Waitakere), Manukau (Agglomeration, 401,883), Christchurch (353,349), North Shore (Agglomeration, 273,594), Waitakere (Agglomeration, 206,244), Hamilton (170,571), Tauranga (120,414), Dunedin (112, 032), Lower Hutt (greater Wellington, 97,653), Palmerston North (78,195), Hastings (64,002), Nelson (60,561), Napier (58,221), Rotorua (53,268), New Plymouth (52,695), Porirua (greater Wellington, 51,537), Whangarei (49,182) and Invercargill (47,898).
It has 13 large trading harbours, among them the harbours in Whangarei (transport of petroleum products), Tauranga (wood and newsprint) and Bluff (alumina and aluminium) as well as containers harbours in Auckland, Wellington, Lyttleton (near Christchurch) and Dunedin. Internationally there are Auckland ('23km southwest of the city'), Christchurch ('10km northwest), Wellington ('8km southeast), Hamilton and Dunedin there.
The New Zealand region is a member of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, the Peace Community, the United Nations, the World Trade Organisation and the United States. As New Zealand is located in the'Pacific Ring of Fire', vulcanic activities have influenced the area. Seismic events, mostly flat, are widespread, and volcanoes are occurring on the North Island and off the Kermadec Islands.
Around 75 percent of the land lies over 200 meters above the surface. Approximately one/10th of the northern island (113,729 square km) is upland. Southern-island ('150,437 square kilometres) is very hilly; the Southern Alps stretch almost over their whole length; they have many foothills in the northern and south-western parts; there are at least 223 summits over 2,300 meters above sealevel and 360 icebergs.
The Auckland Islands, called Stewart Iceland after Captain Stewart, who first mapped the Isle in 1809, and (further out) the Auckland Islands are situated just southwards of the isle. Chatham and Pitt Islands are 850 km eastwards of Christchurch. The Kermadec Islands were also invaded in 1887 and the Ross dependency in Antarctica was purchased in 1923.
It has a long coast (15,130 km) in proportion to its area. Moderate sea climates, affected by the ambient oceans, the predominant west wind and the mountains of the isles. Wellington has an annual precipitation of 1,270 mm on averages ('143 mm in July and 87 mm on averages from November to February), with an annual mean of 13-20°C in January and 6-11°C in July.
The majority of the state has at least 2,000 sunny periods a year. Coverage of forests comprises conifers, kauris (North Island only) and bees - the forests account for 31 percent of the total area of the countryside, with growth of 0.3 percent p.a. in 1990-2010. There are many varieties that are truly New Zealand special.