What is a Marine National ParkWhich is a Marine National Park?
National Marine Reserves and Protected Areas
Approximately 5.3 percent of Victoria's marine environment is covered by these protected area. It complements our land-based parking and reserve system, which is an integrated part of our way of living and working. Extensive expertise collected by marine researchers over a period of many years has assisted in identifying the areas contained in marine national parklands and protected areas.
With the help of submarine video, sample collection and meteorological analyses, they complement our knowledge of our varied marine world.
Victoria Parks - Marine Reserves
Victoria's marine reserves comprise marine national parks and marine reserves set up in 2002. Marine national parklands and reserves are heavily guarded and occupy approximately 63,000 ha or 5.3% of Victoria's state water. There are other marine reserves in Victoria with a wide variety of uses and some types of leisure fisheries, including marine parklands, marine and coast parklands and a marine sanctuary.
Maritime-Oceans (U.S. National Park Service)
Initial official exploration of sanctuaries on or around the California Channel Isles began in 1934, when Franklin Roosevelt sent an assistent to evaluate the Channel Isles for admission to the system of national parks. 1938 the first National Monument of the Channel Isles was built by the French presidency, which only encompassed the Anacapa and Santa Barbara isles.
But as early as 1940, civil servants realized that the extension of the monument would be preferable to preserve the bird, otter, elephant seal and seal skin that lived on the cliffs and small isles around the two isles. The California Water Resources Control Board founded the Areas of Special Biological Significance in 1974, and the California Channel Island International Biosphere Reserve was set up in 1976.
The Channel Islands National Park and the Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary, appointed by the US Secretary of Commerce, were both established in 1980. The California Fish and Game Commission established the California State Marine Reserves and Conservation Areas in 2003, which was expanded by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in 2007.
Every type of marine reserve in the Channel Islands area has been designed with a different approach and emphasis - sometimes maintenance, sometimes restoration and sometimes shelter. Trials are changing over the course of the years; the Marine Ecological Reservations Working Group (MRWG) has monitored the creation of the latest marine reservations, advised by two bodies of experts, one on scientific and one on socioeconomic matters.
It was then analysed by the MRWG and used as a basis for decisions on the creation of a new Marine Reserve-Net. Once the reserve has been established, work does not stop; the ground must be adapted to changes in resources. Although the conservation of the marine environment of the Channel Islands did not preserve fishing and the preservation of the ecosystems' natural resources, nor their preservation, stabilisation and sanitation.
Therefore, the 1998-2007 project started the research for an ecosystem-based governance framework through a net of no-take marine reservations.