What Hawaiian Island can you not VisitWhich Hawaiian Island can not be visited?
Kaho'olawe and Ni'ihau, Arrival, Activities, Travel Advice
What is most interesting about the Kaho'olawe and Ni'ihau is that unlike the other Hawaiian islets, they are not so open to people. From all the other isles, perhaps only in Kaho'olawe and Ni'ihau you will not find airports or facilities selling groceries and accommodation.
The number of visitors to the two islets is either reduced or not. A further differentiating feature between Kaahoolawe and Ni'ihau and the remainder of the state is the zero or about one hundred people. Kaho'olawe Island is the smallest of the eight major Hawaiian isles.
These eight volcanoes are of course Kauai, Oahu, Maui, Molokai, Lanai, Kaho'olawe, Ni'ihau and the Big Island. Kaho'olawe Island has a surface area of 44.6 sq. m. and is 11 mile long and 6 mile wide. It is located between and just to the south of the Lanai and Maui islets.
More than a quarter of the island is extinct and shows only weather-beaten rocks on its uppermost stratum, where the ground should have been. The topographic peculiarity of the island is due to its low altitude and position. The lack of rainfall from the northeastern Tradewind is the reason for the island's relatively dry weather.
And being in the rainy shadows of the East Maui Haleakala is no help. In this state it is not surprising that the island has no constant inhabitants. Kahooloawe Island has not always been deserted. The island was also used for coal mines, as it is home to Hawaii's second biggest underground mine.
Today the remnants of old religions are the only evidence of an old way of living of the island's inhabitants. It' s not clear how small or large the populations used to be, but due to the scarcity of fresh water on the island it could not be more than a hundred.
Hakiowa, in the north-eastern part of Kaho'olawe, could be the biggest town. Earlier, when Hawaii's isles were dominated by chiefs, battle broke out in the Hawaiian arcipelago as every emperor tried to capture an island. Kalaniopuuu, the high chieftain of what is now the Great Island, devastated and pillaged the island of Kaho'olawe in a unsuccessful effort to capture Maui, which was then under Kamalalawalu.
Scientists believe that this was the cause of a significant decline in the island's inhabitants, which later disappear. Sailors found the island sparse and abandoned between the end of the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. With the arrival of British missions to Hawaii, the capitalist hood system was converted to Iraq.
Under the rule of King Kamehameha III, men who broke some of the regimes were banished to the island of Kaho'olawe. Since there was little access to the island's supply of nourishment and drinking mineral waters, exile detainees either starved to their deaths or swam to the island of Maui. The 1853 Act that made Kaho'olawe a masculine punishment settlement was repealed.
In 1976, an organisation named Protect Kaho'olawe Ohana (PKO) petitioned the Swiss Supreme Court to stop the use of the island by the US Army as a school. Organizational leader George Helm and Kimo Mitchell disappeared in an effort to take over the island in outcry.
There were 544 archaeological monuments and more than 2,000 characteristics in the island's historical site inventories imposed on the army by the Army Tribunal. By order of former US Presidential George H.W. Bush, the island's fire practice was terminated in 1990. Today, Kaho'olawe is a sheltered place under the title Kaho'olawe Draft Law to liberate the area from bombing and rebuild the island.
It is now under the state of Andalusia and is an island reservation. Kaho'olawe as such is not open to the general population and the only way to get there is for the purpose of existence, the environment and education. Ni'ihau is the smallest of the populated Hawaiian isles with a surface area of 69.
The island is called the prohibited island because it is home to many threatened wildlife, such as the river Elulu, and is a private island. Ni'ihau has been in the Robinson hands since 1864, and Bruce and Keith Robinson are currently in command of the island. While there are monitored trips for tourist, only U.S. Navy staff, U.S. civil servants and familial visitors have entry to the island.
These trips are restricted to a half days trip, where you can dive on a remote sandy shore encircled by monks seal, enjoying the delicious mussels in the island's golden sands and going on a tropic wildlife cruise. Ni'ihau is also known under other titles such as "Mystery Island" and "Forgotten Island", as it is often not included in touristic charts.
It is notorious for the Ni'ihau incident in which a Jap warrior crashed shortly after taking part in the Pearl Harbor assault on the island. Today, the island is known as the home of the only clam in the worid that has been given its name after the island.
Cahelelani was the first emperor of the island long before the Hawaiian island was unified under the rule of Kamehameha the Great. Ni'ihau was one of the last inhabited by Kamehameha the Great, although he had tried to do so more than once. Kaumualii, the then chief of Ni'ihau, handed the island over to Kamehameha the Great in 1810 to avoid further dead.
Kaumualii, although Kamehameha the Great passed away in 1819, was compelled to marry his wife, leaving Ni'ihau part of the Hawaiian king. Elizabeth Sinclair, who later became Elizabeth Sinclair-Robinson, purchased the island of Kamehameha V, the then emperor of the Hawaiian islands in 1864. She had the island for $10,000 in cash and her wife and daughter had Ni'ihau since then.
About 160 persons are living on the island today, most of them are Robinsons. Ni'ihau Kahhelelani, the shell called after the first chief of the island, is the only shell in the whole wide universe that is considered a jewel. Ni'ihau shell jewellery is very much appreciated, and the price varies according to the colour and type of shell used.
Though a large Ni'ihau shell jewellery range is available, it is also possible to obtain a special design. Guests taking a half-day trip to Ni'ihau Island will be arriving on helicopters, from where it will not be unusual to see local shark reefs in a bay close by.
You can sunbathe on the remote sandy beaches and swim and snorkel in the island's clearwater.