Western Samoa HistoryHistory of Western Samoa
Outliers and other Europeans had already established themselves among the Samoans and supported the chieftains in their wars. Navy officials and misionaries began to confer with the dominating group of chieftains as if they were representing a nation and treating its leaders like a sovereign. From 1847 to 1861 the United States nominated a sales representative and Great Britain and the town of Hamburg nominated a consul.
The subsequent Berlin Treaty established a impartial and impartial regime under King Malietoa Laupepea in Great Britain, the United States and Germany, and their councils were empowered to plant Apia as an autonomous church. The monarchy was annulled in 1899, and in 1900 they ratified a number of agreements that made Samoa a protected state.
As a result, several Samoan rulers exiled and others were suspended. New Zealand Armed Services invaded Samoa with the onset of World War I in 1914, and from 1919 to 1946 New Zealand managed the island as a member of the League of Nations.
12 leagues. TERRITORIAL SEA LIABIT. Contacts with the state. A fiduciary treaty was adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1946, and New Zealand made a formal commitment to foster Samoa's emergence as the country's supreme self-governor. When the Samoa Amendment Act of 1947 was passed and a number of other changes were made, Samoa's future direction towards autonomy was determined.
In 1957, an Executivrat was reconstitued and the New Zealand High Commissar retired from the Legislative Assembly, which was now chaired by an appointed spokesman. 1959 an Executivkabinett was established and 1960 the condition of the free state Samoa was adopted. Samoa became an autonomous country on 1 January 1962 under the name of Western Samoa.
Faumuina Mataafa was the first sovereign premier of Western Samoa (1962-70) and was back in office from 1973 until his demise in 1975. Westsamoa experienced a deteriorating economic situation and increasing civil and civil strife in the latter part of the 70s and early80s. Tupuola Taisi Efi, who later became chairman of the Christian Democratic Party and was elected premier in 1976, was successfully contested by the Human Rights Protection Party (HRPP), which won the parliamentary elections in February 1982.
However, on 30 December 1982 a second HRPP administration was established with Tofilau Eti as PM. In August 1982 a controversy broke out over the HRPP government's signature of a New Zealand Memorandum of Understanding, which severely restricted the right of Western Samoans to New Zealand nationalism. Mr Tofilau stepped down in December 1985, and Va'ai Kolone became Taoiseach in January 1986 as chairman of a new governing alliance of 15 members of the Democratic Party (CDP) and 12 former members of the HRPP.
Mr Tupuola has been nominated vice-premier of the new administration. Tofilau Eti was reappointed Premier in April 1988 and endorsed by the legislature. The first general election in Western Samoa took place in 1991 under a general electoral law introduced following a nationwide referenda in 1990.
The HRPP won 28 out of 47 and Tofilau became premier again. Tofilau Eti remained in office as Taoiseach at the April 26, 1996 poll. It formally renamed Samoa from Western Samoa in July 1997 after the June Legislature gave its approval.
He retired in November 1998 for reasons of medical condition and passed away in March 1999 at the tender age of 74. His successor was Mr Tuila'epa Sailel Malielegaoi, Vice-Premier. Tuila'epa remained in office as Taipei's premier in the 2 March 2001 election, with the HRPP occupying 23 offices in the Fono.
In a by-election order, the Supreme Court won four by-elections, increasing the number of HRPP members to 30 out of 49 MPs. HRPP established a coalition with the assistance of several independents. New Zealand Prime Minister Helen Clark apologised to the Samoans in June 2002 for the injustice they suffered during the war.
Between 1919 and 1962, 22% of New Zealand's inhabitants lost their lives to an imported flu bug, and in 1929 the New Zealand policemen shot and murdered 9 men during an independency demonstr.