Wellington IslandThe Wellington Island
The Willingdon Island is the biggest man-made island in India, which is part of the town of Kochi in the state of Kerala, India. A large part of today's Willingdon Island was occupied by Lake Kochi and filled the excavator floor around a pre-existing but minute islet. Willeingdon Island is important as home to the port of Kochi, as well as the Kochi Naval Base (the Southern Naval Command) of the Indian Navy, Custom House Cochin and Central Institute of Fisheries Technology, a constituting entity of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research.
It is also home to other facilities linked to the harbour, namely the Cochin port trust office (which oversees the Kochi port), the customs office and more than two dozens of export-import agencies, storehouses, some of which are owned by the island's population. Initially, the concept of creating a new harbour in Kochi was put forward by Sir Robert Bristow, nominated by Lord Willingdon, then Governor of the Presidency of Madras, to build a new contemporary harbour on the west Indian coastline in Kochi.
It was built during the 1936 work on the new harbour, excavating the ground and hollowing out Lake Vembanad to house the new harbour. Its name comes from the first Count of Willingdon, then Viceroy of India, who ordered the work. Robert Bristow, the main character and architect of the scheme, had the first house on the island.
Bibby Line's first ship landed on the island on 9 March 1935. The Malabar Hotel, a harbour hotel, was constructed for those who wanted to relax on the island. In 1939, just in the run-up to the Second World War, the entire pre-planned harbour base was finished.
3 ] A navy plant was also erected on the island of Venduruthy to the southern border, on which boats were eagerly built for the alleged Japanese incursion at the end of the uprising. Soon the Royal Air Force found use for this shallow area of easily accessible new ground and built a large airfield.
The equipment was rounded off by a new postal service, an open-air pool between the hotels and bureaus and a store adjacent to both. In 1947 the British Empire gave India sovereignty over the traffic junction when it became independent. 3 ] During its brief colonisation, the island had turned over no more than one million tonnes of cargo, which had almost doubbled by 1960.
3 ] The island airfield was comprehensively expanded and became the town' s state-of-the-art airfield. Today Cochin has an internatonal airfield in Nedumbassery, 30 km northeast of the town, while the runway on the island became the navy flight base INS Garuda. In the 1950' the remainder of the island was quickly used, and far from being an artificial adjunct to the quaint and antique town, the island, which the British abandoned so soon after its construction, became the business centre of the old Cochin.
It' an important harbour in India and a symbol of the town of Kochi. The Willingdon Island is linked to the continent by the Venduruthy Bridge, which has roads and railways. 3 ] The Indian Navy's Southern Naval Command HQ is on the island. Also the shipyard Cochin is situated near this island.
There are also several trade and hotel agencies on Willingdon Island. In addition, the airfield (up to its present site in Nedumbassery near Kochi), the shipyard, the shipyard, Southern Naval Command Headquarters and the custom office were all located here.
The Cochin Chamber of Commerce and Industry and the Indian Government Tourist Office near the Indian border are conveniently located. The island is a turntable with numerous bureaus, branch establishments of domestic and foreign financial institutions, tourist bureaus and gift shops.
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