More about Tuvalu
Tuvalu, expressed "too-VAH-loo", is an autonomous constituent empire in the southwestern Pacific between 5 and 11 degree southern and 176 and 180 degree eastern. Earlier known as Ellice Islands, they split from the Gilbert Islands after a 1975 plebiscite and gained British sovereignty on 1 October 1978.
Inhabitants of 11,636 (est 2005) are living on the nine Tuvalu tunnels, which have a surface area of 27 sqm. Tuvalu is the 4th smallest nation in the word in relation to area. These are the eight indigenous Tuvalu archipelago.
There are nine main islets, from northeast to southeast: Niulakita, the 9th islet, had only been populated since the 1950s and did not belong to the "old" Tuvalu. The Tuvaluans adopted a new, local charter in 1986. It is the capitol of Tuvalu, known as " foo-NAH-footi ". The majority of the administrative office is in Vaiaku Village on Fogafale (formerly Fongafale) Islet, Fongafuti toll.
The Tuvaluans are Polynesians and make up 94% of the people. The majority of Tuvaluans are members of the Christian Church of Tuvalu (Ekalesia Kelisiano o Tuvalu), which has been independent since 1968 and emerged from the Congregationalist founding of the London Missionary Society. Religious is what is at the centre of everyday lives, especially on the isles. Country: The shallow islets rarely tower higher than 15 ft above sealevel.
The five islets Funafuti, Nukufetau, Nukulaelae, Nui and Nanumea are large, approximately round pillars of corals that emerge almost perpendicularly from the seabed and form a small one. The corals are formed on these reefs where they tower above the high waterline. Big Lagunas are trapped in the algae sanctuary.
Many" artificial" lakes are located on the different Funafuti Isles, as a result of the extraction of materials for the airstrip, which was constructed by US armed services during the Second World war. There are four other island headlands that rise firmly from the bottom of the ocean. Tuvalu's small scale and almost complete scarcity of usable natural resource suggests that most of the local populace will continue to depend on subsistence activity for the time being.
Truvaluan shop is predominantly cooperative or municipal, with any isle with a cooperative shop, local named Fusi. The Tuvalu company export small amounts of coppa, sell licences to overseas vessels seeking to catch bluefin tunas in the 200-mile area and has a philately run office for postage-tacists. They are too isolated to develop a large tourism sector.
Otherwise it must rely on transfers from expatriates from Tuvalu and foreign relief missions. The public authorities provide the most jobs, but in recent years an increased number of privately owned companies have developed, especially in Funafuti. Approximately 1,000 Tuvaluanians work in Nauru in the field of phosphorus mines. However, Nauru has started to repatriate the Tuvaluan people as phosphorus reserves are diminishing, which will pose further difficulties for Tuvalu's already overburdened population.
To tackle this problem in a creative way, the Australian, New Zealand and UK authorities, together with the Tuvalu administration, created the Tuvalu Trust Fund in 1987, to which the three donors donated A$24.7 million. These funds were invested in portfolios and the net proceeds are disbursed to Tuvalu each year to cover the recurring budgets.
Many Tuvaluans are merchants on ocean-going vessels. Tuvalu Maritime School was established on the island of Amatuku on Funafuti and opened in 1981. Enrolments undergo an intensive eight-month education programme, and Tuvalusian school leavers are considered good seafarers and are highly valued by shipowners worldwide.
Tuvalu has been able to make over several million US Dollar per year since 1999 by selling its web domains through the United States. Tuvalu TV has attracted the interest of many people, organizations and TV stations around the globe, and some were willing to spend large amounts on web sites like www.china. tv or www.nbc4.tv.
Australia's U.S. dollars are lawful currency in Tuvalu. There is a lot of Aussie banknotes and coinage in use. Several Tuvalusian medallions, most from 1976, are also in use. Tuvalu is the only regional broadcaster. There are 40 lessons per weeks, in English and Tuva. Goverment releases the only magazine, Tuvalu Echoes.
You can subscribe to it at the Radio and Information Department on Funafuti. The Funafuti Atoll has a frequent phone line, and there are post office links to all the external isles. Communication with the external isles is also possible via radio. Funafuti's major streets are the only cobbled streets in Tuvalu built in the late 1990s.
There' s a few personal automobiles, and some are in the possession of the state. There are a small number of lorries, tractor and ambulance drivers on the streets of the city. Mini buses and cabs run between the governmental center in Vaiaku and the deep-sea quay at the northern end of Fongafale Island on the Funafuti Atoll.
There' s a passenger/cargo ship in Funafuti, the M. V. Nivaga. Funafuti International Airport has frequent flights to Tarawa, Kiribati and Suva, Fiji. Funafuti airstrip was black-capped in 1995 and used to consist of gras with pounded corals. Warm, tropic weather with very little variations during the season; mean temperatures 30°C; strong precipitation, about 353.
On the Tuvalu-Wetterseite you will find the latest meteorological information and a satellite overview.