Tokelau IslandsTokyo Islands
A world-class location near the Tokelau Islands.
Tokyo Area Map - BBC News
Situated between New Zealand and Hawaii, Tokelau has few direct connections to the rest of the globe. The majority of the 1,500 island inhabitants make their living from their subsistence economy. Many have decided to go, mostly to New Zealand or Samoa. The New Zealand government is the principal donor of the country's finances and has tried to dispel the fear s that it will give up altolls if Tokelau prefers independence.
Tokelau, like other low-lying Pacific regions, is said to be endangered by the rise in adiposity. She is also in charge of the household of the territory. The Tokelau area is not self-governed and has been managed by New Zealand since 1926. Tokelau's administrator is nominated by the New Zealand authorities and is in charge of overseeing the area.
Atafu FM Radio; Fakaofo FM Radio; and Nukunonu FM Radio.
New Zealand, Tokelau Area
Tokelau, also (1916-46) Union Group or (1946-76) Tokelau Islands, New Zealand islands, comprising three atols in the South Pacific. Tokyo is about 300 nautical mile ( "480 km") from Samoa and 2,400 nautical mile ( "3,900 km") from Hawaii. There is no main city, each Tokelau has its own administration city.
Tokelau Group's three core altolls are Fakaofo (1. 5 sq. miles[4 sq. km]), Nukunonu (1. 8 sq. miles[4. 7 sq. km]) and Atafu (1. 4 sq. miles[3. 6 sq. km]), located in a south-east-northwest line. These islands are low and lie between 2.4 and 4.5 meters above the surface.
Most of the Samoa inhabitants are Polynesians and have cultural and linguistic ties to Samoa. Tokelau, a Polish tongue, is the formal one, but English is widely spoken. Inhabitants have declined due to migration to New Zealand and Samoa. Tokelau's main economies are subsidised farming and fishery. During the 1980s, a 320 km long NZE EEZ was set up and the South Pacific Commission launched a fishery education programme.
Each of the three atols has enough electric current to cover almost all of Tokelau's needs. Tokelau's small scale, isolated nature and limited natural resource base are severely restricting the economy. The sale of stamps and coins generates extra income, but Tokelau's household expenditure consistently exceeds Tokelau's income and requires New Zealand assistance that is much higher than Tokelau's GDP.
New Zealand dollars are the major currencies, although sometimes the Samoan talas are used. Tokelau's foreign trading is mainly with New Zealand. There are no road or vehicle traffic on the islands. The Tokelau area is governed as part of New Zealand under the Tokelau Islands Act of 1948, which has been revised several notches. The citizenship of Tokelau is New Zealand.
A trustee is nominated by New Zealand's Secretary of State and Commerce for a three-year period, but most powers are conferred on the Tokelau Council for Ongoing government (or Tokelau Council), which is composed of elective chiefs from each of the allotments from which the Prime Ministers (Ulu-o-Tokelau) is chosen each year.
Tokelau's Council meets annually between the three Atoll. Legislature is vested in General Fono (Assembly), whose members are chosen every three years by adults by popular vote and representing the area. General Fono is holding several meetings a year, which can be held at any of the atols.
The Commission manages the budget, exerts restricted regulatory powers and makes proposals to the New Zealand Parliament. Tokelau Council will take over these tasks when General Fono is not in attendance. The municipal administration on each eponymous is in the ownership of Taupulega (Council of Elders), whose members are the leaders of the families groups and two elective members known as the lazy (village leader) and the mayors of the villages, namely the lazy (Pulenuku).
Three lazy and three pulenukus make up the Council of Tokelau. Samoa, Fiji, Tonga, New Zealand and Niue have higher, tertiary and professional training, and several of these counties have grants for studying abroad. Tokelau was probably populated from Samoa, as the language sensitivity shows, and the small plains were quickly populated with nuclear towns.
In 1765, the first visitors to Europe were the English commander John Byron, who gave Atafu the name Duke of York Isl. In 1791 Nukunonu was spotted by Captain Edward Edwards of the HMS Pandora and appointed Duke of Clarence Islands while looking for the HMS Bounty Mutine. Cetaceans began to visit the archipelago in the 1820', and a thorough investigation was conducted by the 1841 United States Exploring Expledition; their anthropologist Horatio Hale gave a thorough account of indigenous traditions and languages, and the mission gave Fakaofo the name Bowditch Iceland.
By 1863, Peru' slavery hunters kidnapped many of the island's inhabitants, and the number of cases of illness had decreased to around 200. Beach goers of various nations set up and married Tokelauers. Britain's interest began in 1877, when the High Commissar in Fiji was given court over UK citizens in Tokelau, and a protectionist council was founded in 1889.
Tokelau became part of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands colony in 1916 under the name Union Group, and many Tokelauers migrated to work on Banaba (Ocean Island). In 1925 New Zealand received the judiciary over Tokelau and administered the group from West Samoa (now Samoa). Tokelau Islands Act of 1948 made the group part of New Zealand, and some Tokelau people immigrated to West Samoa as a result of Samoan culture and languages.
In the early 1960' the migrations to New Zealand began. The group was called Tokelau in 1976. Though Tokelau is still a New Zealand area, Tokelau's self-governmental bodies and models have evolved. Most of the responsibilities formerly conferred on the New Zealand administration were conferred on the Kyrgyz authorities in 1994; in 1996 the legislature was handed over to General Fono.
Tokelau has not, however, taken any steps towards complete autonomy. New Zealand stressed in 2000 that it would not give the country sovereignty and that any changes in policy would only be made with Tokelau's consent. Tokelau concluded a New Zealand financed photovoltaic power plant in 2012, which made the Atolle almost self-sufficient in power production.
On each of the collectors Tokelau was able to stop the use of expensive import fuel-operated fuelled alternators.