World Factbook - Central News Agency
The Tokelau Islands were initially populated by Polynese immigrants from the neighbouring archipelagos and were declared a protected area in 1889. In 1925 they were taken over into the New Zealand government. "tokelau " is a Polish term for "north wind" Tokelau's small population ( "three villages"), insulation and scarcity of natural resource severely restrict the economy and limit farming to the minimum population.
There is also a transfer to New Zealand family. Consumers are highly dependent on New Zealand assistance - about $15 million a year in FY12/13 and FY13/14 - to sustain the provision of official supplies. The New Zealand assistance is 80% of Tokelau's recurring federal account. A $32 million global fiduciary investment company was created by New Zealand in 2004 to offer Tokelau an autonomous incomestream.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of New Zealand
The Tokelau is a New Zealand region and belongs to the Kingdom of New Zealand. Although it is not a self-governing area, it has its own policy structures, a system of justice, civil service, telecommunication and navigation networks and full budgetary oversight. The New Zealand government provides about 50% of Tokelau's total government budgetary resources and is in charge of its defense and safety, as well as marine monitoring and other defense programs.
There has never been a New Zealand representative in Tokelau. The Tokelau consists of three small Atallas - Atafu, Fakaofo and Nukunonu. Tokelau is not connected by plane - the most immediate way is from Apia (Samoa), about 500 kilometers from Fakaofo. The people of Tokelau are New Zealand nationals.
You have the full right to travel and reside in New Zealand and enjoy the same advantages as other New Zealanders. Over 7,000 Tokelau residents in New Zealand, as against 1,499 in Tokelau (2016 census). In the last three years Tokelau has developed into its present day progressive independence.
With its own judiciary and its own government departments, it has full budgetary autonomy. Mr Tokelau is actively involved in local issues and is a member of a number of local and national fora. Each year, the title-giving head of government, Ulu-o-Tokelau, changes his post among the leaders of each of the atolls (the Faipule).
The Council of the current government of Tokelau, located in Apia, Samoa, has the power of execution. There are no opposing political groups in Tokelau. Tokelau's administrator manages the Tokelau-New Zealand relation. It is a legal post taken by a New Zealand official and nominated by the New Zealand Foreign Minister.
Workers from MFAT's Pacific-Polynesia and French-Pacific Division support the administrator. There are minute streams of commerce in Tokelau. Tokelau's atolls' geographical features restrict economical growth, and the few available reserves and farm produce are enough to cover only Tokelau's essential needs. Sea and lake freshwater and crustaceans are abundant and are part of the Tokelau cuisine.
Tokelau's administrator is in charge of the administration of Tokelau's EEZ and the fishery dues make a substantial contribution to Tokelau's finances. New Zealand's aid programme is working with Tokelau to boost its social welfare efforts, enhance the living standards of its fishery resources and maximize its fishing revenues. New Zealand's head of government Ulu-o-Tokelau and ministers often come to New Zealand in the course of either personal or business trips.