On the Iliad
Iliad is concerned only with a small part of the Trojan Wars; it lasts only a few month during the Ten Year. However, the old Greeks would have been acquainted with all that had happened up to this 10th year, and in the course of the Iliad Homer takes up many clues to various past occurrences.
Iliad history has its origins in the construction of the Great Walls of Troy. Troy was therefore without God's guardianship, and in fact Poseidon became his antagonist. During the Trojan Wars, Troy was governed by King Priam, who was wed to Hekuba. It is said that Priam and Hekuba had 49 sons, among them the soldier Hector, the prophesy Cassandra and the young mistress Paris (also known as Alexandros).
The Deiphobus is also one of the sons of Priam and Hekuba. Hekuba had a childhood with Paris and dreamed that Paris would be the cause of the devastation of Troy. The oracles and a visionary acknowledged that this boy would indeed be the cause of the complete devastation of the precious town of Troy.
For the town's sakes Hekuba declared herself willing to leave her new-born child to be dead on Mount Ida, but Paris was rescued by pastors and raised as a pastor who did not know his reign. In Greece, the history of the Iliad begins with the marriage of Peleus, a man, and Thetis, a deity.
Those two will be Achilles' family. Launching the fight, in the shape of Eris and her Apples, at the marriage of Peleus and Thetis, brings an ideas that spread throughout the Iliad. The quarrel with Agamemnon over a female slaves causes Achilles to retreat from the war. It is seldom referred to in the Iliad, but its present is almost perceptible.
Paris asserts its legality as the child of King Priam of Troy before going to the Menelaus courts to save Helen. When Menelaus is away, Paris kidnaps Helen and takes her back to Troy. At Iliad Helen's permanent reference to herself as a dog and sex worker leaves little doubts that Homer sees her as a guilty accessory to the hostage.
Immediately he goes to his little sister, Agamemnon, the great lord of Mycenae. First the two siblings try to diplomaticise with Troy to ensure Helen's comeback. But still they go on the roundup with the realization that they will get part of the spoils that will come from the devastation of Troy and other neighboring states.
Indeed, the opening argument between Agamemnon and Achilles is about what they all see as injustice in the allocation of their battle-prices. Several of the Hellenic rulers sought to dismiss Troy; but two, Ulysses and Achilles, were alerted by the cousins of their fate when they took part in the battle.
Ulysses was told that his return would take twenty years, and so he faked insanity; but his trickery was quickly detected and he eventually consented to the battle. Greeks knew that they could never conquer Troy without the help of Achilles, the greatest soldier in the whole wide underworld.
As a warrior he was virtually invincible, because his mom immortalized him in the river Styx at childbirth, except in the heels where she had him. Later Paris discovered this fragility and shot a toxic dart into the Achilles tendon - so we have the word "Achilles heel", which means fragility.
But Achilles was told that if he went to fight, he would achieve great fame, but he would surely be killed young. But Ulysses discovers the ploy and Achilles eventually agrees. Some report that they immediately start, defeat and repress an assault on Tehrania, an Alliance of Troy.
Kalchas the Prophesian predicted that ten years will elapse in this time before the Troy ramparts will come down. Greeks, or Achaians as they call themselves, have not tried a massive assault on Troy for about eight years. Many people do not think that they lived nine years under the Troy ramparts, as they did at the opening of the Iliad.
A number of scientists consider this first history of the mission as a variation of the more general history, but many others think that the mission against Troy actually consisted of two far away missions. Kalchas tells that Artemis, goddess of hunting, is insulted because Agamemnon murdered a holy stag.
When Agamemnon cheats on my daughter, she tells her to marry Achilles. Greeks (Achaians) are sailing to Troy. Achaians are landing on a sheltered bank near Troy. The Achaians begin the besiege of Troy after the building of the city. The Achilles attacked towns in the southern part, while Telamonian Aias ("Ajax") took Teuthrania.
One year later, in the 10th year since the initial forecast of Kalchas, all Achaians gather near Troy to begin the hopefully last attack. The Iliad begins here as a vendetta between Achilles and Agamemnon. Post-Iliad incidents that led to the Troy case are not part of the poet.
The Trojans call for help after Hector's funeral, and the Greeks are losing many more. Achilles meets Paris in combat, who fires an dart that, led by Apollo, hits Achilles in the right ankle, the only place where he is wounded. Aia' (Ajax) and Ulysses are able to save Achilles' bodies, and a fight immediately breaks out over who should get Achilles' magnificent armour.
As Odysseus is accused, Aias (Ajax) gets so angry that he threatened to murder some of the Hellenic rulers. The Greeks, with the deaths of their two greatest and bravest soldiers, Aias and Achilles, worry about ever taking Troy. Ulysses and Diomedes are sent to Philoctetes and they persuade him to come back with bows and arrows. Ulysses and Diomedes are sent to Philoctetes.
Greeks will then be given a range of challenges to complete in order to win: You must return Pelop's bone from Asia to Greece, take Achilles' boy to battle and take the holy picture of Athena from the Trojan Shrine. Odysseus then draws up a map of how the Greeks can penetrate the Troy walls:
Ulysses and some of his men are hiding inside the horses. Next day the Trojans find the Greeks and the giant, mystical animal sits in front of Troy. Ulysses provided Sinon with credible tales about the Grecian departures, the wood pony and his own attendance there to tell the Trojans.
Priam and Sinon tell the others that Athena has abandoned the Greeks for stealing her picture from her sanctuary. It was abandoned to appease the furious gods, and the Greeks were hoping the Trojans would profane it and deserve Athena's hate. This lie convinces Priam and many other Trojans, so they drag the giant steed into the gate to pay tribute to Athena.
Achaians burned the town, massacred its people, and plundered it. All but a few Trojan horses are gone by mornings. Hector's young boy, Astyanax, is cast from the ramparts of the town. TROYA: Troy's wrecked. Herala and Athena take vengeance on Paris and its town.