Beyond chocolate, cuckoo clocks and yodelling - contemporary Switzerland, the land of four languages, stands for unique journeys, heartbreaking alpine activities and urban culture. What do I have to do as a foreigner (e.g. pensioner) to retire in Switzerland? Which permits do I need to study in Switzerland?

He became famous in Switzerland. Coming from the USA to Switzerland.

Journeys to Switzerland

The enchanting Swiss countryside requires immediate attention - grabbing your boot, jumping on the boat, ringing your bicycle and causing ghosts to tear. Cross-country and cross-country ski and snowboard ing in Graubünden, the Bernese Oberland and Central Switzerland are some of the most popular sports. As the meadows turn verdant, there are many walking and cycling paths in glaciated mountainous regions and along isolated dales, glistening lakeshores and pea-green hills.

And then there are the adventures not to be missed before you die, such as the encounter with Eiger's carved northern face at first hand or the arrival at glacier crevasses on the Jungfraujoch. Switzerland is perfectly situated on the outskirts of the city: the city of Berne with its mediaeval old city centre and world-class contemporary arts, deep German Basel with its daring architectural style, elegant Geneva with Europe's biggest lakes, the party-loving Lausanne, the typhoon attraction Zug and overcooled Zurich with its river side pubs, the born-again western industry area and the untypical Strassenkorn.

The city has never been so near to nature: within a few moments you can get to the tops near by, relax at beach cafés with a view of the Alps or take refreshing baths in the Rhine, Aare and Limmat. Diversity is the flavor of the countryside in this wealthy, terrestrial country, where mountain traditions are deeply ingrained in the farming schedule and the ascending hills are a doze.

To capture the spirit of the times up and down in the land are the places of culture, eye-catching buildings and avant-garde galeries. The undulating Zentrum Paul Klee with the trademark of Renzo Piano, the Vitra Design Museum in Basel and the amazing Fondation Beyeler donated by Frank Gehry, the Mario Botta Center in Lugano and the modern Masi- and the Geneva Musée d'Art Moderne et Contemporain in a newly redesigned 50s museum are just the tip of the culture iceberg.

Surprisingly, even in remote Alpine areas, you will find yourself nodding to the latest aesthetic, current artwork and new designs.

Facts, Geography and Histories of Switzerland

Switzerland, the federal republic of Middle Europe. Switzerland's administration is in Berne, while Lausanne acts as a justice city. Switzerland's small stature - its overall area is about half that of Scotland - and its humble populations suggest little of its importance internationally. An inland with high peaks, low alpine plains, grass-covered dales with pretty farmhouses and small towns and flourishing towns that combine the old with the new, Switzerland is the hub of the varied geographical and geographical culture of West Europe, known for its inherent beauties as well as for its way of being.

The name of the land, which invokes pictures of the glacial Alps loved by authors, performers, photographers as well as the great outdoors, has become a buzzword for the area. In the eyes of many outside observers, Switzerland is also a wealthy, albeit modest and less exciting city.

While Switzerland is still prosperous and tidy, the valley with its walls is more reminiscent of the sound of a traditional folk group than a yodeller or an alphanumer. The majority of people in Switzerland are living in urban areas, not in the picturesque countryside that captured the eyes of the whole wide globe through Johanna Spyris Heidi (1880-81), the country's best-known work.

Switzerland's towns and villages have developed into industrial and commercial centers linked to the wider globe, a completely different tone from Switzerland's secluded, inward-looking past. Switzerland-Geneva in particular was chosen as the seat of a large number of government and non-governmental organisations as a result of its remarkable long-lasting instability and careful attention to impartiality, many of which are affiliated with the United Nations (UN) - an organisation that continued to support Switzerland until the early twenty-first century.

Switzerland's jagged landscape and multi-cultural environment have emphasized the distinction. Unseen routes divide historical and historical areas between Protestants and Catholics, while the high peaks of the Gotthard Pass divide North and South Europe with their different sensations and customs. Nevertheless, Switzerland has drawn power from all these disparities and created a tranquil societies in which the interests of the individuals are weighed up against those of the people.

In 1291 Switzerland was founded by an association of Swiss Confederation members against the Habsburg Empire - the Confoederatio Helvetica (or Swiss Confederation), from which the acronym CH for Switzerland is derived - but it was not until 1848, when a new Swiss Constitution was adopted, that the present country was born. Before 1848 the inner conflicts were quite frequent, but Switzerland has had a relatively inner peace since the middle of the 19th centur y and its organisation has basically stayed the same: it is an association of more than 3000 communities or communities in 26 counties, 6 of which are conventionally described as half-cantons, but operate as full-quarters.

The public can take part at all levels of government and express their will on a regular basis in referendums and by means of which the people of Switzerland make a large number of direct national and sub-national policies. Compared to other countries in Europe, Switzerland's tax rates are rather low because its electorate can check and authorise a wide spectrum of expenses and policymaking tends to be sluggish, because it must be possible to deal with individuals' demands and views at every time.

This high degree of civic commitment led the famous dramatist and ironicist Friedrich Dürrenmatt to portray Switzerland as a jail in which every man in Switzerland was a jailer and a warden. Nevertheless, Switzerland's mixture of federationism and straight democratic government is globally unparalleled and is regarded as crucial to the country's commercial and financial prosperity.

Switzerland is indeed an important economy, thanks to its long history of providing finance and specialised, high-quality products such as watches, optical products, chemical and pharmaceutical products, as well as speciality foods such as Emmental cheeses and dairy chocolates. As a rule, Switzerland is one of the countries with the highest standard of living. 3.

As a major center along a large lakeside where the hills meets the plain, Zurich is by far the biggest and most cosmopolitan town in the land, whose famous Bahnhofstrasse competes with the commercial areas of other major international capitals. For a long time, Switzerland has been an exemplary multi-ethnic, multi-lingual community, a place where different nations can co-exist in a socially harmonious way and be united in their mutual interest.

In 1999 she became the first wife and first Jewess to hold the presidency of the state: an office that changes every year: Although I am a French mother tongue translator, my original origin is in German-speaking Switzerland and I myself have worked in an Italian-speaking area for a while and like to travel to all parts of the world?

It borders France to the West, Germany to the N, Austria and Liechtenstein to the Easte and Italy to the S.. Situated 135 kilometers (220 km) from North to South and 220 kilometers (350 km) in its largest extension from South to West to West.

Switzerland's countryside is one of the most extraordinary in the whole wide globe and has long been confronted with a multitude of ecological issues that are threatening its dignity. In Switzerland, for example, pollutant levels are among the lowes in industrialised nations. Located in the hydrographical center of Europe, Switzerland is the spring of many large creeks.

The small area of Switzerland contains an extraordinary variety of topographical features, which can be divided into three different regions: the Jura in the north-west, the Alps in the southeast and the Mittelland between the two mountains. Jurassic (Celtic: "forest"), a hilly mountains in the north-west, takes up about an eightth of the state.

This area was born under the expanded influence of the general Alpine fold that brought the Jura Mountains to the Mittelland and the Jura tableland, which constitutes the mountain's northerly rim. From the Saint-Imier valley (Vallon St. Imier) to the Doubs, a stream that is part of the French frontier, the Jura has been exposed and turned into a hilly plain that stretches as far as France.

Well-known as the Franches-Montagnes, a name obtained in 1384, when the Archbishop of Basel exempted the residents from taxes in order to promote the colonisation of the outlying area. This high plateau is characterised by a mixture of farming and dairy farming. At about 1,700 meters, the highest point in the Jura, Monte Tendre, lies well below the Alps; indeed, even before the construction of advanced railways and motorways, the Jura was not a major obstacle to the movements of the surfaces.

Retracted lateral dales, so-called clues, were dug over the Jura ridge and offer relatively simple transport paths. In the Jura, the Jurassic region has the most rainfall in Switzerland; cross-country ski is a favourite in the long winter months. The Swiss watch making sector began in these hills.

They were constructed of large groups of massive overshoots of very different types of sediments, metamorphous and volcanic rock formed by glaciers. There are many prominent Alpine summits in the Valais region, among them the Dufourspitze on the Monte Rosa mountain range, the highest point in Switzerland at 4,634m; the highest peak in Switzerland;

Weisshorn (14'780 ft (4'405 m)) with a view of the Mattertal; Dom (14'912 ft (4'545 m)) above the town of Saas Fee; and the ice-covered Matterhorn (14'691 ft (4'478 m)), long a Swiss Icon. North and south of the Swiss Alps are divided by the Rhône and Oberrheintal hollows, the narrower part being the Ursern river basin, which is located between two crystal-clear Massives, the Gotthard and the Aare.

Switzerland's main Alpine divide is where the various ridges meet: from there the Rhône River meets to the west, the Rhine to the east, the Ticino River to the Po River to the southward and the Reuss River to the Aare River to the northeast. However, the basic Alpine spring point lies in the Oberengadin at Piz Lunghin, from which brooks run in the direction of the northern and northern sea and from which the Inn spring rivers run in the direction of the Danube and finally into the Black Sea.

The St. Gotthard Routes, the first and briefest north-south pass through the Alps and an important link to Europe, were opened at the beginning of the thirteenth centuary with the building of a viaduct in the Schöllenen Gorge, which crosses the Nordkette, while the St. Gotthard Pass crosses the Südstrecke at 2,108 m above sea level.

A 14-km-long Gotthard railway channel through the mountain passes was opened in 1882; a 10. In spite of the high number of junctions, the increase in railway and motorway transport often led to long mountain latencies. In 1992 the people entitled to vote in Switzerland authorised the building of a huge 57 km long railway tunnelling under the St. Gotthard tunnelling system to counteract this overload.

In June 2016, the Gotthard Base Tunnels were inaugurated as the longest and deepest railway tunnels in the inauguration. As it was built almost at ground level, the railway was able to take on high-speed lines that shorten the journey time between North and South Europe and cut down the Alpine routes with obstruction.

The undulating midlands between the Jura and the Alpine ridge make up almost a quarter of the total length of the countryside and are surrounded by the two mountains and the two biggest seas, Lake Geneva (Lac Léman) to the West and Lake Constance to the east. It is the farmland at the heart of the region where the vast majority of Switzerland's populations, industrial ists and towns live.

In addition, important east-west motorway and railway lines connect the city areas. The land and agricultural situation reflects the variety of the Swiss geological and climatic structures. Its most important subsoils comprise grey-brown Podzole ground and dark woodland, loose earth, glacier debris and alluvial land in the Mittelland, dark woodland, Rendzina and the heavy glacier clay in the Jura valley and the litosol and Podzole ground in the high Alps.

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