Stewart Island LatitudePartition of Stewart Island
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It is the main village on Stewart Island/Rakiura, the most southern populated island of the New Zealand articel. The Oban is situated at Halfmoon Bay (sometimes used as an alternate name for the city), on Paterson Inlet. It has been renamed after Oban in Scotland (An t-Òban in Scotish Gaelic, i.e. The Little Bay), due to the heavy impact of Scotch colonists in the southern part of early nz.
Site plans - Oban, Stewart Island, Southland District, Southland Region, South Island, New Zealand
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V. Wharawhara Ulva Island/Te, Stewart Island
Most of this page is a photo trip through Ulva Island - the gem of Stewart Island and one of New Zealand's gem. But I also wrote some remarks about the story, the humans, the climate, ecology and the woods of Ulva - which affects the story of Stewart Island/Rakiura.
That part of the story of Ulva Island that is truly noteworthy in many ways is its shortage of people. It has a brief and interesting story of humanity, but even this has little influence on the island and its podocarpus and harwood woods, most of which have never been cut down.
Carnivores and webbrows came to the island, and Europe's colonists tried to import flora and fauna from other countries. Likewise, the large New Zealand evolutionary species have long since disappeared. In the 1970', the air-impaired macaw, the persimmon (Strigops habroptilus), was re-discovered on Stewart Island when the idea became obsolete and is now in a crucial reconstruction program on more remote isles with about 126 isles.
Today it is associated with the name'Wharawhara', but only on the North Island. Maori was more commonly associated with the bush lily (astelia fragrans), which grew on the wooded soil of the island of Ulva. For over 700 years there was a Maori village on the Neck/Onecki (opposite the Paterson Inlet of Ulva).
In 1864 Stewart Island/Rakiura bought the crown and The Neck/Onecki was'reserved' for a half-caste village (of combined descent), and somewhat late in the process lands were allotted to those who could demonstrate that they were'half-caste' - although'three-quarter-caste' was barred from the village (see Rakiura Maori Country Trust and NZ Government Papers - excerpt below).
Watch the interesting bio of Wharetutu Anne Newton, one of the first Ngai Tahu wives to meet a Packha husbandman on Stewart Island (Te Ara: Ngai Tahu Chief Te Whakataupuka, who made his home on Ruapuke Island in the centre of Foveaux Strait and later lead a group of wars on the Otago Peninsula against the Weller' s sanctuary (see my page: The Travails of the Ngai Tahu).
Europeans- Scotland's North Insulans and others arrived at the beginning of the 19th century as seal hunters and cetaceans and many established themselves in The Neck and Pegasus Bay. Subsequent trials in shepherding were undertaken, but the damp, barren soil and thick woodland coverage turned out to be depressing. Timber harvesting was more succesful, especially in Paterson Inlet, and fisheries later dominated the area' s economic activity before the number of tourists increased to 30,000 per year (see Te Ara: Stewart Island).
Charles Traill founded the first postal service - known as the Paterson In-let Post Offices - in 1872 in the Stewart Island area at the MBS. It was a key point in Paterson Island and Traill was able to draw the attention of the dispersed fellowship around the entrance to the postal boat's coming by hoisting a flagg.
It became a local community centre. In 1923 the postal service was shut down. Formerly called'Coupars Island' after Stewart Coupar, a sailor who established himself near The Neck. Chuck Traill modified it to'Ulva', although as far as I can see, there is no Ulva island in the Orkneys.
It was " disbanded " and Traill fixed to Stewart Island to run a shop in 1871. The" failed to meet his expectations" (see obituary above) and Charles purchased lands on Coupars Island and re-named them "Ulva". There he founded a postal service, where he became a postal master and warehouse keeper.
Henrietta Jessie Bucholz'a woman whose commitment to the locals on the neck and island of Bravo remains in loving memory' (see obituary above). Though he was suitable for higher things, Charles "embellished" his part of Ulva with meticulously gathered New Zealand bushes.
It was populated with'English songbirds'. He was a famous conchologe and florist with a powerful faith and sometimes entertained his co-sulan colleagues with his rigorous practice (see extract from the obituary below). It was outlived by a subsidiary and his two half-brothers who were living on Stewart Island (see below). He and his family, Charles Fraill, are dead in Ulva.
In the 1850s, my great-grandfather Charles Traill emigrated to New Zealand via the Californian gold fields and set up on a small island in the extreme southernmost part of New Zealand called Ulva (near Stewart Island). In the Chatham Islands, Charles Traill's career is echoed by Felix Authur Douglas Cox (1837-1915), an Englishman trained in rugby, who became a shepherd and a well-known naturalist.
He was a seal and a seaman (first officer) and set sail around the globe before he returned to Charles on Ulva. When Charles died, he took over the management of the postal service, probably until it was shut down in 1923. In 1887 Arthur withdrew from school and went with his wife and daughter to Ringaringa on the'mainland' of Stewart Island near Oban.
From 1904-05 he presided over Stewart Island County Council and later on he and his spouse Gretchen (the daugther of a British missionsary, JFH Wohlers from Ruapuke Island) went to "Woodwick" in the near Leask's Bay, where they had a "magnificent garden". One of Authur and Gretchen's three children, Roy (Robert Henry) Traill was a fierce fighter in the IMW and finally came back to Stewart Island in 1925 as a part-time foresters for the State Forestry Service and the Department of Lands.
Said that the most precious thing I did was to prevent the respectful humans from using the island's aviaries. He was an autodidactic brushbotanian, assisting early botanists in exploring and documenting the island's wildlife. There' is a short report about the biography of Reverend Johann Wohlers on Ruapuke Island by his great-granddaughter Sheila Traill on the Genealogie page fergusontree.com.
The Ruapuke Island is located in the centre of Foveaux Strait. In 1890?s and early 1900?s more and more travellers came to Traill's scenic island in Paterson Inlet..... Steamboat trips on Stewart Island and Fiordland..... Ultrålås nature and its scenic postal station were a major attraction for many of these Mediterranean visitors, some of whom were welcomed by Charles' brothers Walter.
that was sent from the mail. On Ulva Island, this bush is growing in overabundance. In 1906, 1912 and 1915 the New Zealand postal service tried to prohibit the use of circular sheet cards (see pukeariki.com) with little success. Ulva's Paterson Inlet PO's sheet postal card business ended in 1923 with the closing of the Ulva postal service.
The island is located in the protected Paterson Inlet/Whaka a Te Wera on the east side of Stewart Island/Rakiura. The Bay of Paterson is a rivulet - a deluge. It is 3.5 km long and covers an area of about 270 ha, most of which belongs to the Rakiura/Stewart Island National Park.
Isle of Ulva Island is located between latitude 46 and 47. The predominant wind is western and northwestern, although it seems that Wellington has more storm evenings above 33 nodes than Stewart Island (see this summing up of Southland weather). With regard to the climatic conditions, one could say that Ulva Island has a "low situated western coastal climate" in Scotland.
The Saber Reef on Stewart Island has an mean of 11°C and Riverton on the Soutland Coastline is 12°C a year. Only big differences are the precipitation, which is almost 50% higher on Stewart Island than on the western Scottish coastline.
That these climatic zones are so similar despite a nine deg. width differential (Glasgow 55. 8N) is evidence of the huge impact of the Gulf Stream and the drift of the northwest Atlantic, which cause the temperature of the atmosphere and the ocean to rise a few centig. above its mean latitude, especially on the northwest coast.
This also testifies to the chilling effect of the South Seas on the Stewart Island summers. Such as Comodoro Rivadavia at latitude 45. The island of Ulva consists of a row of deep, hilly and gentle slopes, which reaches a height of 72m. Since most of Stewart Island is not inhabited, the discharge into Paterson Inlet is noticeably uncontaminated and free of sediments.
On the island's shores there is a marine reserve and a noteworthy variety of marine life including seaweed, crustaceans and seaweed. Stewart Island cliffs are part of the median batholith of Plutonian bedrock consisting of granites and granitic cavities. Allibone, A.H., and Tulloch, A.J. (2004) For rock formation see Allibone, A.H., and Tulloch, A.J. (2004) Stewart Island, New Zealand, Plutonian bedrock formation.
The town of Ulva is one of the few areas of the New Zealand forests of podocarpus that is largely unspoiled. Except for cutting down on the post office grounds, the island was never subjected to other logging and after a petition from the Charles Fraill administration (who had seven acres of the island) it became "a reserve for the conservation of native wildlife and flora" (Tait below).
Ulva, however, lies on the south border of the podocarp area. Caca assault is obvious, but with the island separated from rivals, the caca populations are in retreat. There are even assaults on him ( (see Peter Tait's summing up of the state of Ulva's forest). An invertebrates survey conducted in 2008 found three dominating and characteristic habitats on Ulva:
The coastline foliage of Metrosideros Umbbellata (southern Rata), winemannia raccemosa (kamahi), griselinia alittoralis (foliage) and occasionally fuchsia excorticata and dicksonia square pink (fern); (See Michel. Forestry on Ulva Island, Rakiura National Park, New Zealand', NZ Journal of Zoology 2008 Vo.35. p.336).
In Ulva, Peter Tait (above) reported that he suffered from salty wind and was hit back by the last poor soils. Whitetailed stags were brought to Stewart Island in 1905 and finally floated over to Ulva. The island is also invaded by rivals, although the opossum (which was set free on Stewart Island at the end of the nineteenth century) never came to Ulva.
Bird of prey was brought back to the island once they were freed from imported beasts. The South Island saddle back (tieke), yellow head (mohua) and Stewart Island rock (toutouwai) belong to it. The Stewart Island Brown Kiwi (tokoeka), Rifleman (T?titipounamu), Yellow-crowned and Red-fronted Parakeet, and South Island K?k? or Wood Parrots, as well as several other bird types (Wikipedia) are some of the island's rarest onshore.
Ulva wood is very different from the birch woods of Milford and the Rata/Kamahi wood of Fox Glacier. Indeed, it was astonishing to hike in a ripe wood where the porch and the undergrowth are clearly defined. The NZ doves - kosheru - high up in the romu and deadara canopies, the Wheka, the astonishingly gentle Stewart Island Robin and the South Island Saddlebacks.
Because of the absence of stacked, confused animals, it was relatively simple to see the bird and the worka and robin came to us. When there were only two other guys on the island. This is a photo tour around the island of Ulva, which was finished in four brief hrs of adrenaline.
We start with our trip from the Golden Bay of Stewart Island, over the Oban hills to Ulva with the Wassertaxi and end with us going out of Ulva with the same one. They are all mine, but for two and all taken on Ulva, but for the Kaka we saw on Stewart Island.
I' d like to thank Peter Tait on www.sailsashore.co. nz on Stewart Island for his help in the identification of some botanicals in these pictures and for his report about the Stewart Island Forests. While hoping that one of these days my brief relationships with Ulva Island will be revived, I am very happy to have even been there and to be part of its wealth.
Below is a picture from West End Beach on Ulva Island. On Stewart Island, Peter at www.sailsashore.co. nz proposes that it is Pinnoctopus coriformis or Wheel, New Zealand's most common and squid. Paterson Inlet/Whaka ? Te Wera is a flat estuary - an old flooded stream basin - and offers one of the biggest protected ports in the south of New Zealand.
This has resulted in a rich offer of flora and fauna. The Paterson River is also an important home for at least 56 different types of sea-fishing. Blending hot, sub-tropical and cold water in the Stewart Island/Rakiura current has provided an area similar to both areas and contributes to the biodiversity of the bay.
It is home to brachiopods that thrive on both rocks and sediments at a depth of less than 20 m. This makes it one of the wealthiest and most amenable brachiopods in the hemisphere. There' s a rather poorly resolved DOC movie under the following hyperlink, which gives a good impression of the wealth and subtropical atmosphere of the Ulva Island/Te Wharawhara Marine Reservation.