A Senegal

The Republic of Senegal is a country in West Africa. Senegal[] is a country in West Africa.

Discover the holidays in Senegal and discover the best time and places to visit. Although it is one of the most stable countries in West Africa, Senegal is anything but boring.

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"Senegal, one people, one goal, one faith" ((listening);[6][7]Wolof: Senegal; French: Senegal ), formally the Republic of Senegal (Wolof: Réewum senegaal; French: République du Sénégal), is a land in West Africa. It borders Mauritania in the northern part, Mali in the eastern part, Guinea in the southern part and Guinea-Bissau in the south.

The Senegalese territory also adjoins the Gambia, a small piece of countryside along the Gambia River that divides the Casamance south of Senegal from the remainder of the state. The Senegalese also share a sea boundary with Cape Verde. Senegal's economical and politicapital is Dakar. This unified semi-presidential Republic is the most western nation on the continent of the Old World or Afro-Eurasia[8] and takes its name from the Senegal River, which limits it to the west and south.

Senegal comes from Wolof Sunuuu Gaal, which means our boat. The Senegal comprises a surface area of almost 197,000 km2 and has an approximate number of inhabitants of about 15 million. Since prehistoric times, the area of Senegal has been populated by various ethnical groups. Today's state of Senegal has its origins in colonial Europeanism, which began in the mid-15th centuries, when various major Europeans began to compete for commerce in the region.

By the end of the nineteenth centuries, the creation of seaside trade stations resulted in the gradual domination of the continent and the domination of the territory by France, albeit in the midst of strong opposition from the people. In 1960 Senegal gained its peaceful sovereignty from France and since then has been one of Africa's more political stabilized states. Senegal's economies focus mainly on raw materials and renewable raw materials.

Like in most countries in Africa, farming is an important industry, with Senegal growing several important crop varieties that include groundnuts, sugar cane, organic crop, organic crop such as sugar cane, organic crop such as tomato, melon and mango. Being a multi-ethnic and profane country, Senegal is predominantly Muslim with Sufi and animistic influence. Although many mother tongues are widely accepted and accepted, French is the authoritative one.

Macky Sall has been Senegal's chairman since April 2012. Since 1970, Senegal has been a member of the International Francophony Organisation. Archeological finds throughout the region indicate that Senegal was populated in ancient civilizations and was continually under occupation by various people. The eastern part of Senegal was once part of the Ghanaian Empire.

Christianity was established by Christian emissaries in Senegal and Casamance in the nineteenth centuries. Only in the 1950s did the French begin to grow on the continent of Senegal after abolishing enslavement and fostering a doctrine of abolitionism[20] by establishing indigenous empires such as Waalo, Cayor, Baol and Jolof Empire.

Gradually invade, France's settlers took over all the empires except Sinus and Saloum under Governor Louis Faidherbe. 13 ][21] Senegal' s opposition to France' s enlargement and the restriction of its profitable slavery was partly spearheaded by Lat-Dior, Damel of Cayor and Maad a Sinig Kumba Ndoffene Famak Joof, the Maad a Sinig of Sine, which resulted in the Battle of Logandème.

Senegal and the French Sudan fused on 4 April 1959 to become the Mali Federation, which became fully autonomous on 20 June 1960 through an exchange of powers treaty with France on 4 April 1960. Because of domestic problems, the Federation separates on August 20, when Senegal and the French Sudan (renamed the Republic of Mali) each declare independency. around 1900.

Encouraging wider policy engagement, he diminished Senegal's economic engagement and expanded Senegal's relations, especially with other countries. Nevertheless, Senegal's engagement for democratic and humanitarian issues has increased. The Senegalese authorities witnessed their second peacetime change of regime and their first change from one faction to another. The Senegal is a single presidential republic; from 2001, the electorate will elect the Senegalese presidential council every five years, previously seven years.

Léopold Sédar Senghor, the first French presidency, was a literary figure and the first African to be chosen to the Académie French. Abdou Diouf, the second Senegalese Speaker, was later General secretary of the Organisation de la Francophonie. Macky Sall is the present chairman, appointed in March 2012. There are more than 80 party in Senegal.

A single-chamber parliamentary system comprises the National Assembly with 150 members (a Senate was in force from 1999 to 2001 and from 2007 to 2012). 24 ] Senegal also has an impartial judicial system. Senegal ranked twelfth in the Ibrahim Index of African Government in 2008. The Ibrahim Index is a broad measurement of Africa's leadership (limited to sub-Saharan Africa until 2008) built on a number of different variable factors that mirror the way government delivers substantial policy goods to its people.

Senegal's ranking was retrospectively lowered to fifteenth place in 2008 when the North Africa index was first launched in 2009 (with Tunisia, Egypt and Morocco ahead of Senegal). Since 2012 [update], the Ibrahim index of Senegal has dropped another point to 16 out of 52 Africa states.

President Wade's 2012 elections were disputed because of his candidature, as the Opposition claimed that he should not be seen as a candidate again. Well-known in many non-governmental organisations, Senegal was a member of the UN Security Council in 1988-89 and 2015-2016. Senegal, which is kind to the West, especially France and the United States, is also a strong supporter of greater support for the Third World from advanced states.

Above all, Senegal is enjoying warm relationships with its neighbours. Despite significant advances on other front lines with Mauritania (border control, resources stewardship, internationalisation, etc.), the issue of the 30 000 Tanzanian displaced persons in Senegal still persists. The Senegal is part of the ECOWAS (Economic Community of West African States).

Senegal, which is part of the major organs of the global body, is also a member of the African Union (AU) and the Sahel-Saharan Commonwealth, between separate separatists and the federal state. Senegal's military consists of around 19,000 people in the military, Luftwaffe, navy as well as police.

Senegal's armed forces receive most of their education, armament and assistance from France and the United States. The non-interference of Senegal's armed forces in politics has helped to bring Senegal back to a stable state since the country's inception. The Senegal has taken part in many peace operations, both internationally and regionally. Lastly, in 2000, Senegal sent a troop to the Democratic Republic of Congo to take part in MONUC, the United Nations' UN Peace Operation, and arranged to send a troop educated by the United States to Sierra Leone to take part in UNAMSIL, another UN peace operation.

The Senegal lies in the western part of the Africa continents. The Senegal is surrounded in the western part by the Atlantic Ocean, in the northern part by Mauritania, in the eastern part by Mali and in the southern part by Guinea and Guinea-Bissau; in the interior it almost entirely encloses Gambia, namely in the northern, eastern and southern part, with the exception of the brief Atlantic coast of Gambia.

Senegal's countryside mainly comprises the hilly sand flats of the Sahel zone to the west, which ascend to promontories in the south-east. This is also the highest point of Senegal, an otherwise undisclosed characteristic 2. Senegal River forms the north boundary; other streams are the Gambia and Casamance Streams.

Cape Verde's archipelago is about 560 kilometers off the coastline of Senegal, but Cap-Vert ("Cape Green") is a marine marker at the base of "Les Mammelles", a 105-meter-high rocky promontory located at one end of the Cap-Vert Peninsula on which Senegal's capitol Dakar is located, and 1 kilometer southern of "Pointe des Almadies", the most westerly point in Africa.

The Senegal is above all a land of sunshine and dryness. The Senegalese populace consists of about 15 people. It is the formal lingua franca that is at least pronounced by those who have spent several years in the education system (Koran languages are even more widely used, but Arabic is not widely used outside the recitative context).

A number of these Senegalese tongues have the juridical statute of "national languages": Halpulaar (Pulaar speakers), consisting of Fula peoples, a widely distributed group found along the Sahel zone from Chad to Senegal, and Toucouleurs, representing 23. Most of the Toucouleurs, or resident Halpulaar of the Senegal River Valley in the northern Senegal, convert to Islam about a thousand years ago and later contribute to the spread of Islam throughout Senegal.

There are small Latin Catholics mainly in the population of the coast sera, Jola, Mankanya and Balant, and in east Senegal under the Bassari and Coniagui. Evangelical denominations are mainly visited by migrants, but in the second half of the twentieth centuries Evangelical denominations developed under the leadership of various indigenous groups of Guatemalan religious leaders. These denominations were founded in the second half of the twentieth centuries.

Catholic and protestant Dakar rituals are practised by the Lebanese, Cape Verdean, Europeans and Americans, by certain Africans from other lands and by the people of Senegal themselves. Though Islam is the major religious group of Senegal, the first Speaker of Senegal, Léopold Sédar Senghor, was a Catholic Serb. A UNICEF report in 2013[72] reported that 26% of Senegal' s females have suffered FGM.

Since Senegal is bordering the Atlantic Ocean, seafood is very important. Huhn, Lamm, Erbsen, Eier and Rindfleisch are also used in the senegalesischen kitchen, but not Schweinefleisch, since the people of the country are predominantly Muslims. Groundnuts, the main harvest of Senegal, as well as coconut, lemon grass, lemongrass, green pepper, green pepper, green pepper, green pepper, white traveler' s egg, green pepper, white traveler' s egg, white rice, sweet potato, lentils, black-eyed pea and various kinds of vegetables are also included in many recipes.

Favourite saps are made from bissep, lemonade, buy ("pronounced buoy", the fruits of the baobabs also known as "baobabs"), or other fruits such as a mango or game ( "most famous soursop", also known as Korossol in French). Deserts are very plentiful and sweeter and combine natural flavours with the elegance and typical taste of Senegalese cuisine, which influence Senegal's cuisine.

Throughout Africa, Senegal is known for its rich legacy of music due to the fame of balax, which comes from the Serbian percussion traditions, especially Njuup, and was popularised by Youssou N'Dour, Omar Pene and others. Further internationally famous artists are Ismael Lô, Cheikh Lô, Orchestra Baobab, Baaba Maal, Akon Thione Seck, Viviane, Titi and Pape Diouf.

Rugging is Senegal's most beloved sport[78] and has become a domestic obstacle. Soccer is a favourite sports in Senegal. Second at the 2002 Africa Cup, they became one of only three Africans to ever make it to the quarter-finals of the FIFA World Cup, beating the French champions in their first match.

Among Senegal's most beloved performers are El Hadji Diouf, Khalilou Fadiga, Henri Camara, Dad Bouba Diop, Salif Diao, Ferdinand Coly and Sadio Mané, all of whom have performed in Europe. The country also made it to the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Russia, appearing in Group H alongside Japan, Colombia and Poland. In Senegal, too, basketball has become a favourite game.

At the 2014 FIBA World Championships, where they entered the play-offs for the first of their kind, the men did better than any other country in Africa. Ladies won 19 gold Medals in 20 Africa Championships, more than twice as many as any other participant. Returned on September 10, 2017.

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Returned on August 23, 2017. Archives from the originals on 29 December 2011. Returned on January 3, 2012. Senegal separates relations with Iran: The Senegalese State Department has accused Tehran of "supplying arms to separatist insurgents in its Casamance area. "The Macky Sall of Senegal wins the African example election" Africa. August 26, 2012.

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Brought back on July 4, 2009. ANSD filed on January 17, 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Bounced 2013-12-10. Human Development Report 2009 - Senegal". Archives from the originals on 15 July 2010. Returned on June 20, 2010. Archive copy" (PDF). Archives from the PDF file of November 13, 2013.

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