Samoa's HistoryThe story of Samoa
This exhibition celebrates the 100th World War and especially the 1914 New Zealand invasion of Samoa and has described the world since. Have you been to the museum in Samoa?
Samoan Island was populated about 3,500 years ago as part of Austro-Hungarian growth. In the early eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, Europe's first explorations arrived on the island. In 1768 Louis-Antoine de Bougainville called them Navigatorinseln. United States Exploring Expedition under Charles Wilkes arrived in Samoa in 1839. In 18861894, the Samoan civil war led to the Samoan war between the colonies, followed by the second Samoan civil war of 1898/9, which was solved by the division of the Isles in the Tripartite Agreement between the United States, Great Britain and Germany.
Deutsch-Samoa became a trust area after the First World War and finally became Samoa in 1962. Samoa is an unregistered area of the United States. In 1934 sketch of the Samoa Islands' location in the Pacific Ocean. Archaeologists estimate the oldest inhabitation of the Samoan islands to be about 2850 years before the present day.
The date is predicated on the old fragments of ceramics found all over the island; the oldest proof is in Mulifanua. The Polynesian area, Samoa and Tonga, contains witnesses from similar periods, which indicate that the area was populated in the same time. What happened between 750 BC and 1000 AD is still a puzzle, even if this was the time of the great wanderings that lead to the colonization of present-day Polynesia.
There is no verbal narrative among the Samoan population explaining this, but some theory suggests that the shortage of available potteries in Polynesia means that the vast bulk of potteries were either purchased or produced in Polynesia during that time.
The Samoan subgroup is part of the Austronese linguistic group, whose origins probably lie in Taiwan. Before the Europeans arrived in the early 1700s, the history of Samoa was intertwined with that of some chieftains of Fiji and the history of the Tonga kings.
Samoa's verbal history keeps the memory of many fights between Samoa and the neighbouring isles. The marriage of the Tongan and Fiji kingship with the Samoan aristocracy has also contributed to the development of strong relations between these still existing Islan countries; these kings' bloody bonds are recognised at particular occasions and meetings.
Another Samoan folk tale relates the advent of two girls from Fiji, who provided the necessary instruments to make the tattooing or in English tattooing, where the Samoan malofia came from. The award of the much revered Malietoa mark a time in Samoan history. The Tongan king gave this after he had eventually been expelled from Samoa.
Samoa is said to share the shared ancestors of the Polynesians of Tagaloa. Contacts with the Europeans began in the early eighteenth centuary, but only intensified with the advent of the British. The Dutchman Jacob Roggeveen was the first of the Europeans to see the island in 1722. Louis-Antoine de Bougainville, the man who called them the Navigator Isles in 1768, followed the group.
In 1839, the United States Exploring Expedition under Charles Wilkes arrived in Samoa and named an Englishman, John C. Williams, reigning US Counsel. One of the Consuls was already living in Apia. 1855 J.C. Godeffroy & Sohn extended his trade to the Samoan Islands, which at that time were known as Navigator Islands.
In the second half of the nineteenth half of the 20th centuries, Germany's presence in Samoa grew large plantations for the production of coco, chocolate and helica rubbers, particularly on the Isle of Upolu, where Germany monopolised the production of coppra and beans. UK businesses, port privileges and consular offices were the foundation on which Britain had to interfere in Samoa.
In 1877, the United States began operating in the port of Pago Pago on Tutuila and entered into coalitions with indigenous chiefs, mainly on the isles of Tutuila and Manu'a (which were later officially incorporated as American Samoa). During the 1880s, Britain, Germany and the United States occupied parts of the Samoa Empire and set up trading post.
In the 1890s the island was split between the three power, and in 1899 between the United States and Germany. About 1886-1894, the first Samoan civilian conflict was waged mainly between competing Samoan fractions, although the competing power interfered several times with alliances. This was followed by an eight-year long civilian conflict in which each of the three countries provided weapons, education and in some cases fighting units to the Samoan belligerents.
In March 1889, the Samoa crises came at a crucial time, when all three colonizers sent battleships to the port of Appia, threatening a major battle, until a severe wind on March 15, 1889 caused damage or destruction to the battleships and ended the fighting. Robert Louis Stevenson came to Samoa in 1889 and constructed a home in Vailima.
The Samoans asked him for help and he soon became active in the area. They concerned the three Colonies fighting for power over Samoa - America, Germany and Britain - and the tribal groups fighting to maintain their old one. After many unsuccessful efforts to solve the problem, he made a footnote to the story.
In 1898, the second Samoyan civil war culminated when Germany, Britain and the United States debated who was to take command of the Samoyan islands. Faithful to Prince Tanu, Zamoan troops were sieged by a large troop of Zamoan rebel troops faithfully devoted to the mighty chieftain Mata'afa Iosefo. Prince Tanu was supported by four war ships from Britain and America.
The Samoan insurgents were vanquished over several long years. US and UK naval vessels fired at Apia on March 15, 1899; includes the USS Philadelphia. After the first Apia conquest, the Mata'afa insurgents vanquished a United States, Britain and Tana forces in Vailelele on April 1, 1899, with their confederates withdrawing.
Mata' afa's soldiers who left US and UK bodies in the fields were cut off from their minds, according to a Auckland Star paper reporter. Germany, Britain and the United States quickly decided to end the animosities by dividing the insular string on the Tripartite Convention of 1899.
Since Tanu and his US and UK confederates could not beat him in the conflict, Mata'afa was sent to Ali'i Si'i, the high chieftain of Samoa. In 1899, the Samoa Tripartite Convention, a three-member committee consisting of Bartlett Tripp for the United States, C. N. E. Eliot, C.B. for Great Britain, and Freiherr Speck of Sternburg for Germany, approved the division of the isles.
This tripartite convention gave Germany full sovereignty over the western 171 degree western isles ( "West Samoa"), which contained Upolu and Savaii (today's Samoa) and other adjacent isles. They became known as German Samoa. In the United States, the East Tutuila and Manu'a (today's American Samoa) were controlled.
As a return for the assignment of UK rights in Samoa, Germany has moved its protectorate to the Northern Salomon Islands and other areas of West Africa. The Samoans were not apparently questioned about the division and the abolition of the Samoan state. Banished group aboard a Nazi war ship to take them to Saipan.
In 1908, with the founding of the Mau mouvement, the Western Samians began to make their claims for the Mouvement. The First World War began in August 1914, and shortly afterwards New Zealand sent an expedition troop to conquer and invade Germany. Though Germany declined to give up the island formally, there was no opposition and the invasion took place without a fight.
In 1919, Germany abandoned its claim to the island. Most of the US Samoan people have been largely unharmed by this desolation, as their governor has made great effort. As a result, some Samoan people applied for surrender to the US government, or at least to the general UK government, in January 1919.
As the Mau movements gathered impetus, the Samoan king chiefs became more prominent by backing the movements but resisting the war. Westsamoa, or Samoa i Zisifo, in the Samoan tongue, governed New Zealand first as a mandate of the League of Nations and then as a trust territory of the United Nations until its gaining Western Samoa sovereignty on 1 January 1962 (from New Zealand).
Samoa's first post-independence premier was Fiame Mata'afa Faumuina Mulinu'u II. In the twentieth and twentieth centuries Samoa i Sisifo was the first Polynese tribe to be recognised as a supreme state. On August 28, 1970 Samoa became a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. Queen Elizabeth II paid a visit to Samoa in 1977 during her journey through the Commonwealth.
After Samoa's refusal to use the term "Western" in its name, there was a brief dispute between Samoa and Am. Samoa. This amendment was made by a law of the Legislative Assembly of West Samoa of 4 July 1997. This move created "surprise and turmoil" in neighbouring Samoa, because for some Samoan Americans the renaming meant the aspiration to be the "real" Samoa, and implicitly meant that Samoa was only an US ally.
There were some in the United States who said that there was only one Samoa. In September 1997, two members of the US Samoa Legislative travelled to Apia to see the Samoan leader Malietoa Tanumafili II and campaigned for the name reversal in order to preserve a peaceful and good relationship.
A US-Samoa Petition to the United Nations to prohibit the use of the name Samoa was seriously debated, and ten US-Samoa officials supported an ineffective law to prevent US-Samoa from recognising the new name of the sovereign Samoa. Tofilau Eti Alesana, an Samoan Prime Minister, criticised the proposal for an American-Samoic bill, which he described as "premature and irresponsible".
New Zealand Premier Helen Clark in 2002 made a formal apology for two events during the time of the New Zealand government: a 1918 failing to put the SS Talune under lockdown, which brought the "Spanish flu" to Samoa, resulting in an outbreak devastating the Samoan people, and the execution of Mau nonviolent leader during a solemn 1929 perch.
Samoa's first head of state, His Highness Malietoa Tanumafili II, passed away in 2007 at the aged of 95. For 45 years Malietoa Tanumafili II was head of state of Samoa. It was the second of Malietoa Tanumafili I., the last Samoan emperor recognised by Europe and the Western world. Samoa's present head of state is His Highness Tui-Atua Tupua Tamasese Tupuola Efi, who was appointed head of state with the unopposed approval of the Samoan parliament, a sign of the Samoan tradition that underlines the importance of reaching agreement in the twenty-first century and that the Samoan government will continue to act in the future.
In the Samoan Islands, when Europe's merchants were trading, they implemented their data collection system for their operations. The Samoan calendar was compared with the Samoan calendar of other Asian nations in the East and North. But in 1892, US merchants persuaded the Emperor to change the country's system of dates to bring it into line with the United States; so the nation was living twice on July 4, 1892.
In order to make the leap back to the Asiatic date, Samoa and Tokelau have jumped over December 30, 2011.