Rotuma groupGroup Rotuma
Rotuma, Hanu? Pumue - Anselmo Fatiaki
"The goal of the book was to present different aspects of the Rotuma civilization and the changes facing the modern population. All but three of the writers are Rotuman, who are for the first to tell their own stories about the unique nature of Rotuma. Much of the focus is on the relationship networking that is the foundation of Rotuma's socio-policy system.
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The Rotuma is a Fiji addiction made up of Rotuma Iceland and surrounding isles. This archipelago is home to a large and singular tribal ethnical group, a recognizable majority within Fiji's people known as "Rotumans". In the 2007 survey, 2,002 people lived on the Fiji continent, with a total of 10,000 inhabitants.
They are 646 kilometers (Suva to Ahau) northern of Fiji. It is 13 km long and 4 km broad, with a surface area of about 47 km2 , making it the twelfth biggest Fijii.
It is divided into a large east part and a west part of the mainland, with a low narrowness only 230 meters in width, the position of the town of Motusa (Itu'ti'u district). The Rotuma is a sign volcanic rock of alkaline Olivin and Hawaiian with many small conical shapes and grows 256 meters above sealevel at Suelhof near the islander.
The Satarua Peak, 166 meters high, is situated at the east end of the isle. 2 ] The large coastline and pristine sandy beach are among the most attractive in Fiji. Some of the islets are between 50 meters and 2 kilometers from the major one, but still within the fringe reef: H?uamea'me'a and H?ua (H?uati'u) (close together in the northeast).
In addition, there is a distinct string of islets between 3 km (1.9 miles) and 6 km (3.7 miles) northeast and westerly of the most westerly point of Rotuma Island. Lingual proofs point to an initial Fijian village. Among the languageists is the Rotuman in a sub-group with the Fiji dialects of Fiji, but Rotuman also has a large number of Polyynesian loan words, which indicates a later exposure to Samoa and Tonga.
Ratzel  has written about a myth about the Samoans and Rotuma as follows: "The Samoans report that one of their chieftains picked up Rotuma and put coconut on it. "The first known Rotuma sightings in Europe were in 1791, when Captain Edward Edwards and the HMS Pandora crews arrived in pursuit of seafarers who had vanished after the mutiny on the Bounty.
Some arguments have been made as to whether the Tuamaco archipelago that Quirós found corresponds to the Rotuma area. However, no claims were fully justified. One of the favourites of whalers, which needed retrofitting, became a refuge for escaping seamen in the mid-19th cent.
In 1840 Rotuma was part of the United States Exploring Expedition. Westleyan misionaries from Tonga came to Rotuma in 1842, followed by Catholic Marists in 1847. Conflict between the two groups, fueled by earlier rivalry between the chieftains of the seven Rotuma regions, resulted in animosity that prompted Britain's chieftains to annihilate the archipelago in 1879.
Rotuma was formally surrendered to the United Kingdom on 13 May 1881, seven years after Fiji became a settlement. It is held as Rotuma Day every year. Though it has been part of Fiji since 1881, Rotuman civilization is more like that of the eastern Polynesia Isles, especially Tonga, Samoa, Futuna and Uvea.
Due to their Polyynesian look and their unmistakable languages, the Rotumans represent a discernible ethnic minorities within the Republic of Fiji. A large number of Rotumans (9,984 after the 2007 Fiji census) now reside elsewhere in Fiji, with 1,953 Rotumans staying on Rotuma. Rotarians are cultural conservatives and cultivate their traditions in the face of changes caused by greater outreach.
In 1985, about 85 per cent of Rotumans were still voting against opening the country to the tourist industry because they were unaware of the impact of the West. In the 1980s P&O Creises arrived on the same spot twice. This is Tomoniko Vaurasi, agricultural officer. Col. Paul Manueli, former commander of the Royal Fijian Armed Forces, cabinet secretary, senator and prosperous bargain.
Fiji Fighter Federation rougby gymnast Graham Dewes. Daniel-rae Costello, a Rotuman native of Fiji. Zelina Hornibrook, former Aussie netballer with Rotuman mum. Capt Kenneth Kaurasi, commander of the Salvation Army, USA. The first officer in Fiji to be of Rotuman origin in the Western Territory. ROTUMUMA was ruled as an integrated part of the Fiji colony after it was ceded to the United Kingdom in 1881 when a group of Rotuman leaders traveled to London to see Queen Victoria.
After Fiji's 1970 liberation and the 1987 putsches, Rotuma stayed with Fiji. It is subdivided into seven independent counties, each with its own head (Gagaj 'es Itu'u), with villages: Rotuma Island Council is made up of Rotuma heads and elective members. Every county leader and the most Ho'aga leaders are called.
Some men also have no heads-hip (as tög), although they are required to assume managerial responsibilities in supporting the head of the governor. He was the convenor and chairman of the county leader and was in charge of the appointment of www.fakpure.com and the proper supervision.
He was the head of the county that led the league that had won the last one. Kolonial rule consisted of the Fiji government appointing a Resident Commissioner (after 1935 a Rotuma County Officer). It was deliberated by a counsel from the county leaders. By 1940, the board was extended to comprise one elective delegate from each of the districts and an assistant doctor.
After Fiji's independency in 1970, the Board took over Rotuma's administrative responsibilities, with the district counselor acting in an consultative capacity. Until the first putsch, Rotuma was a member of the Fijian legislative through a sole elector. Rotuma is fully integrated into Fiji in administrative terms, but with a more autonomous and locally based administration than other Fiji policy divisions.
It has the state of a branch and its administration capitol is'Ah?u in the Itu' ti'u County, where the "tari?gs?u" (traditionally the name of the Palast of s?u) is located for the Rotuma Council. Nationally, Fijians of Rotary origin shall appoint a member of the Fiji Chamber of Representatives and the Rotuma Council shall appoint a member of the Senate of Fiji.
The Rotuma is also a member of the Great Council of Chiefs through three elected by the Rotuma Council. The Reds were previously classed as Fijians for election campaign reasons, but when the constitution was reviewed in 1997-1998, they were given independent representations at their own will. Rotuma (together with Taveuni and the Lau Islands) is also part of the Lau Taveuni Rotuma Open Constituency, one of 25 districts whose members are elected by popular vote.
ho'aga, a relationship with Rotuma, was the fundamental housing entity in pre-contact with them. The red are a rather meek nation; force is extremly seldom and serious crime is almost non-existent. Before the assignment, the conduct of war in Rotuma was indigenous, albeit on a small scale. As a result, rivalry was curbed during the Spanish colonization, as government powers were focused in the Resident Commissioner's and District Officer's office.
After the second putsch when Fiji withdrew from the Commonwealth of Nations, part of the Rotuman people known as the Mölmahao Clan of Noa'tau refused to accept the Council's choice to stay with the reestablished state. In 1987, with the argument that Rotuma had been surrendered to the United Kingdom and not to Fiji, these insurgents proclaimed the Rotuma Republic's sovereignty and were indicted for insurrection.
She had no substantial backing, the vast majority of respondents seem to be in favour of staying with Fiji, but there are still rumours of dissatisfaction. The Fiji Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (PDF). Rotuma". datazone.birdlife.org. "in Rotuma". A. M. Hocart, Notes on Rotuman Grammar, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, Londres, 1919, 252.
A prizewinning Rotuma movie by Rotumans. ROTUMA ham-station with information about ROTUMA in terms of historical, cultural, floral, faunal, geographic, etc.; detailed citation.