Republic of KiribatiKiribati Republic
Inicio Kiribati for Travelers
For travelers - those who have a love for exploration and discovery, those who like an off-path experience to places few have been before, and those who want to know a land - Kiribati is not just for seeing. The Kiribati will question your idea of what your lifestyle should be and show you a less complex way of spending your time, with your loved ones and your fellowship at the forefront.
Located in the Ecuadorian Ocean, Kiribati provides world-class fisheries (both wild and bony) from Kiritimati Island in the south. Tarawa, the capitol of the land, has historical places and artifacts where one of the most bloody battle of WWII, the Battle of Tarawa, took place. When you come to Kiribati as part of your work, we would like to urge you to live these pleasures - South Tarawah should not be the only atoll you will be able to see if you can pick from 33, even the near North Tarawah has a completely different view!
Culture, Heritage & Ethnicity | Kiribati
Kiribati, official Republic of Kiribati, archipelagic state in the Pacific. Kiribati's 33 isles, of which only 20 are populated, are spread over a huge sea area. It stretches 1,800 leagues (2,900 km) east of the 16 Gilbert Isles, where the people of Kiribati are highly populated, to the Line Isles, 3 of which are ininhabited.
Between them are the Phoenix Group islets, which have no apathy. It has a surface area of 313 sq. km (811 sq. km). Some of the archipelago areas are dense with fringe coral riffs, but most are atols. Kiritimati (Christmas) is the biggest kiritimati (and one of the biggest in the world) in the Line Group, covering an area of 388 sq km and accounting for almost half of the country's area.
In Banaba, 285 ft (87 meters) above see floor, the highest point of Kiribati. From 1900 to 1979, its wealth yard was depleted by the mines. Today it is underdeveloped. Until 1999, two uninhabited isles had been occupied by the ocean; the danger of the rise in water table temperature, a theory consequence of climate change, would be catastrophic for the Kiribati isles.
The mean rainfall in the Gilbert group is 120 inch (3,000 mm) in the northern part and 40 inch (1,000 mm) in the southern part. Over half of the people are Roman Catholics, the remainder are Kiribati Protestants (congregational). Since many years the populations of most island populations have been relatively constant due to emigration to the fast expanding metropolitan areas of southern Tarava, where more than two fifth of the inhabitants live.
Southern Tarawa, which includes the harbor and trading center of Tarawa, has an extreme high demographic concentration. Kiribati's peasantry live in towns ruled by west facing church and large thatch-covered assembly complex. Buildings of westerly design can be seen on the islands and are widespread on Tarawa. Up until 1979, when Banaba's phosphates deposits were depleted, Kiribati's industry was highly dependent on exports of this resource.
A large reserves were set up prior to the closure of the mine; interest is now contributing to state revenues. It occupies an exclusive economic zone of 1,350,000 sqkm. Its closeness to the equator makes it a sought-after site for satelite telescopes and launchers; several international and supranational aerospace agencies have erected or suggested buildings on the island or in the area.
But Kiribati remains dependent on external assistance for most investment and spending on developing countries. Though South Tarawa has an abundant pay sector, most of the rural population of the remote island is low-income sub-sistence farming from coppra, fisheries or crafts.
Inland navigation is provided by the state and most isles are connected by a home flight system. Kyribati has a presidency selected by the population from three or four nominees selected by and from members of the members of the Kiribati Legislative, the Single Chamber House of Assembly (Maneaba ni Maungatabu). Municipal administration is carried out by selected members of the council of the island.
Elementary school is obligatory and some students are attending state or ecclesiastical high school. The University of the South Pacific runs a center in Tarawa that provides study and certification programmes. Tarawa and Kiritimati and all the populated island are home to a hospital.
The Kiribati community is still prudent and resilient to changes; attachment to the home and the country is still high, and striking signs of personal performance or riches are undermined. First colonists on the Gilbert Isles and Banaba came from Southeast Asia, via Micronesia, about 4,000 to 5,000 years ago. Around the fourteenth and eighteenth centuries, the south of the island saw an inflow of Samoans, and soon thereafter the inhabitants of the island adopted a Gerontocrat regime (i.e., on the basis of the reign of the elders).
Line and Phoenix Island had no pre-historic people. Some of the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries saw some of the island, but most of Kiribati were not discovered until the beginning of the nineteenth centuries, when the first whaling men and then merchants in the cocoil industry arrived on the isles. Gilbert Islanders were hired from the middle of the nineteenth centuary to work on regional estates.
Gilbert Islands became a UK patronage in 1892, and Banaba was incorporated in 1900 after the discoveries of its abundant phosphorus reservoir. From 1916 both were connected to the Ellice Islands (today Tuvalu) as a Gilbert and Ellice Islands settlement; the settlement was later expanded to most of the Phoenix and Line archipelagos and at times to Tokelau.
In reaction to the 1930' s severe floods and the perception of overcrowding, a relocation scheme was launched for the Phoenix Island; according to a later scheme, other inhabitants of the island were relocated to the Solomon Isle. Throughout the Second World War, the island was invaded by Japan, which was later expelled by the Allies. In 1975-76 the following ethnical conflicts resulted in the partition of the Gilbert and Ellice Islets.
The Banabans took the UK authorities to court in 1971 for a higher proportion of the licence fees from phosphorus extraction and for damages for the destruction of the island's environment. In 1979 the Gilbert Islands became independent under the name Kiribati. Japan and China both built Earth satelite telephone substations in the end of the 90s, although China was dismantling its installations after Kiribati relocated its official approval of China to Taiwan to receive aid in 2003.
It is a member of the Pacific lslands Forum, the International Whaling Commission, the Commonwealth and the United Nations. The rise in the level of the ocean in the latter part of the twentieth and early twenty-first century (as a consequence of climatic change) was threatening to infect and ultimately flood the low-lying Kiribati islets. In order to prepare the state for the coming years and to ensure the security of its people.
Potential long-term options are to encourage the emigration of experts and the acquisition of other Pacific lands and the creation of man-made isles in the oceans - similar to off-shore rigs to which the populations could be transferred if some or all of Kiribati's isles become inhospitable. By 2014, the goverment purchased about 20 km2 of Vanua Levu in Fiji, which could be used as a new home if needed, and which could in the meantime be used for additional nutrition.