Rarotonga CountryAbout Rarotonga Land
freedom; literacy; sexual minorities; NI assessment (policy). by the Pacific island states. Groß (Country Director Timore-Leste, Papua New. Diseases of food and water can occur in any country.
The best country in Europe to depart for Cook Islands - Rarotonga Forum
We are on a trip around the globe and on our way to Europe. We' re living in Australia and want our last stop as Cook Islands. Since we can be adaptable, does anyone know the best country in Europe to get to the Cook Islands? It looks like I've been looking for several trips, enormous rates and long flying time.
There is a weekly service from Los Angeles with Air New Zealand. This is the plane you need to board. The thread has been discontinued due to apathy. Hopefully you will join the discussion by publishing an open subject or start a new one.
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Commodities account (2000)5: Expected fishing activity (2000)9: (i) Utilities6 - full-time: part-time: Non-industrial sector: (iii) Substantial fisheries: Total value of fishery production(2000)7 : Commerce (2000)10: Cook Island is an island state with 15 widely dispersed islets covering a population of 237 km², spread over an EEZ of more than 1.
EEZ of the Cook Island borders the Niue, American Samoa, Tokelau, Kiribati and Polynesia Areas. There are two groups of islands: the Northern Cooks, which are all altolls, and the Southern Cooks, which are mostly high altitude with one or two tolls. Rarotonga, the main city and headquarters of the state, where about half the people live, is the best place to develop the currency-industry.
Aitutaki is the next developing of the islands and is a favourite travel spot. The Cook Islands have been a self-governing country in free association with New Zealand since 1965. NGG is founded on the parliamentarian system and the lower echelons of governance comprise insular, county and local council.
The Cook Islanders are residents of the Cook Islands and New Zealand. Cook Islanders' free movements to New Zealand have a significant impact on jobs and economic growth; there are almost twice as many in the Cook Islands as in the Cook Islands. The Cook Islands have no large fresh water resources.
Sea farming and maritime culture are therefore the dominating elements of the industry. Sea angling in the Cook Islands includes an abundant harvest of seafood, small-scale craft and small-scale resident and resident aquatic longliners and a small scale aquatic repoplant.
The northern group and the smaller southern group islets retain much of the natural fishery, mostly operated by small motor boats and small motor boats in the lakes and on the outside edges of the cliff. Ground handling, skewers, gillnets, shovel nets for flyers and reefs for vertebrates are joint activity throughout the group.
Besides sub-sistence fisheries, there is also a high level of interest in freshwater fishery on the more densely settled South Island, especially in Rarotonga and Aitutaki, where the city' s population and tourists have generated a great deal of interest in freshwater catch. There were 1,291 vessels in the 1996 survey, 26% of which were on Rarotonga.
There has been an activity program for catching tunas and other tunas in the Cook Islands since the 1980'. Over the last two decade-long periods, 60 MADs have been used in the Cook Islands - mainly off Rarotonga, but also at Aitutaki, Mangaia, Atiu, Mauke, Mitiaro, Palmerston, Manihiki and Penrhyn.
The Ministry of Marine Resources reported that the number of landing of migratory marine fisheries by FAD was high. Tunas are also fished by a small navy of indigenous longliner fishermen and by overseas fishing vessels. During the four-year 1994-1997 season, the overall catches by indigenous longliner fishermen were 300 million tonnes or 75 million tonnes per year.
Though the Cook Islands lie outside the area where most of the swaths of bluefin tuna are caught, some calf hunting has taken place. In 1999, the American purse seiners fishery in the area under a multilateral agreement notified the catch of 216 million tonnes of bluefin tuna found in the north of the Cook Islands.
Fly fishing at sea at sea is very important in the Cook Islands, especially in Rarotonga. The Cook Islands are thought to catch around 60 mt of flyfish every year. The troch ( "Trochus niloticus") was imported from Fiji to Aitutaki in the Cook Islands in the early 1950' and was first caught in 1981 when 200 tonnes were picked.
Aitutaki trout fishing is considered by many Pacific Island fishing experts to be the best exploited fishing in the area. It has also been established in most other Cook Islands and is considered plentiful in many places. Fishing for aquatic life began in Rarotonga in the end of the 1980'.
Approximately 35 types of marine life are caught at a depth of 8 to 35 m. According to the Ministry of Marine Resources are the main types of flaming angels, redfish, Ventralis, Scott's wrasses and citronella. Between 10,000 and 20,000 freshwater catches per year were made in the 1990s.
Most of the marine life is imported by plane, mainly to the USA. Cook Islands have a long tradition of oyster fishery in several Northern Group tunnels. With no essential fresh water resources, there is no important fresh water fishery or fresh water aquaculture in the Cook Islands.
However, today the cultivation of the sea (marine aquaculture) is of economic importance. Penrhyn's Ministry of the Sea Resources cultivates oysters and promotes the cultivation of pearls in Palmerston, Aitutaki and Pukupuka. It has worked with three imported mussel varieties (Tridacna desasa, T. giga, Hipopus hippopus) and the two native ones (T. maxa, T.squamosa).
As regards the increase in the number of mussels in the lagoon, the Ministry of Marine Resources currently believes that the most efficient way to farm the available resources is to allow the lagoon to be resettled in a natural way. In some Cook Island tuna, there is a long history of populating Brackwater pools with young milk fish (Chanos chanos) and reaping them as soon as they are ripe.
It is a traditionally restricted type of livestock farming and is basically a type of sub-sistence fisheries in bad weathers. Fisheries on the external isles, where the predominant fisheries are sub-sistence, often go beyond what is needed, and basic conservation methods such as salification and dehydration are used on a regular basis to avoid the waste of overfishing.
In Rarotonga, and to a smaller degree in Aitutaki, where the currency industry is better off and the tourist industry is focused, the need for freshwater sea food and sea food often outstrips supplies. An overview of fishing prices in 2000 showed that the finite amount of fishing products that were being oversold in the North Group of Isles dominated around US$1. 15 to $1. 40 per kg, as opposed to about US$2. 75 in Aitutaki and $4. 50 per kg in Rarotonga.
Several efforts have been made to allow the fishermen of the outlying islands to enter the Rarotonga markets. Pisciculture and transport systems have been promoted by both the public and privately owned companies, but their effectiveness is very poor. In general, these were hampered by inappropriate or irregular maritime transport operations and insufficient opportunities and methods at fisheries locations.
However, there are cooling possibilities on all the outside isles, and iced seafood is sent to Rarotonga occasionally as a gift for members of the Rarotonga families or for purchase. The Palmerston Almond in particular opportunistically delivers considerable amounts of the Rarotonga-stock. In the past, Korea and Taiwan longliner fishermen who were allowed to catch in the Cook Island have usually ended up in canning factories in Pago Pago or reloaded iced products for shipment to other harbours.
There is little or no handling of tunas in the Cook Island harbours. Beads and jewellery on a bead basis are both available for local sales and supplied to megacities. Seafood and sea resource have always been an important part of Cook Islanders' food. On the less densely settled outskirts where sub-sistence fishing predominated, there was generally sufficient resource to meet market demands and it was occasionally possible to sell or season excess catch in Rarotonga and allow it to be dried for later use or commerce.
In Rarotonga, and to a smaller degree in Aitutaki, the dominance of the currency industry and fast growing tourist industry has led to heavy demands for freshwater seafood, resulting in prizes that are unattainable for many locals. A number of estimations of fishing in the Cook Islands have been made.
Penrhyn's per head per year per se was very high in the early 90s - 219 kg. The majority of national estimations of fishing in the last ten years are based on an uptake of 47 to 71 kg per annum per year. Recent Asian Development Bank economic reviews of the Cook Islands have shown that bead manufacturing has increased recently, although the scale of this growth has been obscured by the underrecognition of duty and licence fee evasion underrecordings.
Based on the Ministry of Marine Resources' estimates for pearls and other fisheries products, it is expected that fisheries and fish farming have added about US$ 8.6 million to the Cook Islands' US$ 79 per capita GNP. A 1996 Cook Island Population Enumeration shows that 4,435 persons (3,517 men, 918 women) were engaged in Subsistance Casting.
It is more intractable to obtain information on official fishing jobs, but censuses and information from the Ministry of Marine Resources indicate that around 160 persons were directly involved in fishing in 1966. The Cook Islands Statistical Office reports that in 1999 fish and fish farming product imports represented about 82% of all the country's total export.
To conserve and exploit fishing and maritime natural habitats, the Cook Island government has set itself the goal of increasing self-sufficiency in seafood and promoting the replacement of imports. Space still exists for the further evolution of fishing in the Cook Island, in particular for deep-sea shelling. Especially on the north of the island, coastline and lagoons are less likely to contribute to the economy due to their isolation, fragile nature and importance as a diet.
In 1995, the reorganisation of the economy led to a fall in civil services jobs of more than 50%, which led to a significant rise in the minimum standard of living and small-scale fishery costs. The Ministry of Maritime Resources has been instrumental in the creation of maritime reservations in some areas, the execution of a shellfish recovery program and the continuation of the FAD mission program.
Recent developments in the African pearls processing industries in Manihiki have given rise to much cause for hope in other countries, and the Chinese authorities are promoting the imitation of this achievement in other locations. The vulnerability of such aquacultures to catastrophic events must mitigate this excitement - most of the Manihiki pearling farms were devastated or badly affected by a hurricane at the end of 1997.
Subsequent transplantation to the other isles of the country has led to the introduction of trochoidal population at several sites. The long run outlook for the Cook Island region is encouraging, provided efficient governance can be put in place. The entry charges on longlines for tunas in the EEZ of the Cook Island have resulted in significant revenues for overseas vessels.
Further multilateral licence agreements should remain quite favourable for the Cook Islands. Current work on developing a long-term recovery scheme for tunas should highlight the main possibilities and necessary actions to maximise the benefit of tunas. and the Marine Ressources Act (1989) is the pillar of the Cook Islands' controls over the utilisation and conservation of fishery stocks.
The Minister may approve a fishing as a "Designated Fishery" if it is found that such a fishery: a) is important for the country's interests and b) needs administrative and promotional actions for efficient maintenance and optimal use. A fishing recovery and exploitation scheme must be drawn up and reviewed for each identified fish.
The secretary may designate a committee on each of the islands to discuss the administration and evolution of fish in this area. It is the task of a Committee on the local level to: (a) provide advice to the secretary on matters relating to the exploitation and exploitation of fish on the islands; (b) make advice to the council on the approval or modification of a charter governing the implementation of catch ing activities and the issue of permits for a given type of fish on the isle.
Empowerment of Islands Councils to propose the proclamation of statutes - Any Islands Council may propose the proclamation of statutes for any identified fishing on the Islands in accordance with the procedure laid down in Section 15 of the Outer Islands Local Government Act 1987. 2. Any statutes proposed for publication in this section shall comply with the appropriate requirements of the Fishing Plans and the Marine Resources Act (1989) and with the rules adopted under that Act.
Territorial permits - All territorial boats, with the exception of those used exclusively for recreational purposes, may not be used for recreational purposes or related water related operations without a current permit. Alien boats - Alien boats may only be used in angling water in accordance with a current permit for angling or related work.
Accession Agreement - The Minister may conclude, on the Government of the Cook Islands, in the name of the Government, either reciprocal, regional or multi-lateral Accession Treaties which provide for reciprocal activity, or any other matter provided for by law. Maritime resources (licensing and regulating vessels ) The 1995 ordinance contains licence application, tariffs, grounds and general terms and condition for exploratory, recreational and non-national fishery.
It also covers the demands on handling, fishery, food industry, fishery and fishery. include other provisions relating to fisheries: The Ministry of Maritime Resources (MMR), led by the Minister for Maritime Resources, is responsible for the management of fishery and maritime resources. Founded in 1984 under the Maritime Resources Act, the Ministry superseded the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries's Department of Agriculture and Fishery.
MMR is based in Rarotonga, but also has employees on the Pukapuka, Manihiki, Aitutaki, Rakahanga, Penrhyn and Mitiaro isles. Currently, the ministry employs 48 people. It is in close touch with RFMOs, both in the region and internationally. The Cook Island is a member of the Pacific Community Secretariat (SPC), the South Pacific Forum Farmeries Agency (FFA) and the South Pacific Environmental Programme (SPREP).
The Cook Islands are parties to a number of contracts and conventions on the exploitation of the region's fishing industry, including: the Treaty on Fishing between the Government of certain Pacific Island States and the Government of the United States of America; the Treaty of Niue on cooperation in surveillance and law enforcement in the South Pacific.
The Cook Islands have signed the United Nations Law of the Sea Agreement (UNCLOS), the Agreement implementing the provisions of the United Nations Agreement on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982 on the conservation and management of cross-territory stocks and highly-migratory fish stocks and the Agreement on the conservation and management of highly-migratory stocks in the West and Central Pacific.
Fishery and Aquaculture Research in the Cook Islands is carried out by the Ministry of Maritime Resources. Basics and basic research and observation of freshwater lagoons, coral and other invertebrate species. Warning the general population of the possible emergence of Rarotonga disease from the outbreak of toxicity. Maritime reserves: technological support for the administrators of the Rarotonga and Aitutaki Maritime Areas.
Ministry of Maritime Resources runs a pearling plant in Penrhyn, a huge shellfish farm in Aitutaki, a sea lab in Manihiki and a Rarotonga aquatic lab. In the Cook Islands, there is no fishing school. By far the biggest provider of aid to the Cook Islands, the amount is checked yearly by the New Zealand authorities.
They included the supply of onshore facilities and equipments (buildings, plants, research and education centers for acquaculture and marine cultivation, fishery stations), the building of vessels, research, ports, commercialization, training as well as FADs (fish aggregation). Over the past few years, many fishery subsidies have been granted to support the growth of the pearling sector. http://www.spc. int/coastfish/Countries/CookIslands - is the website of the Cook Islands Ministry of Marine Resources.
The Commission has extensive information on Cook Island fisheries stocks and their exploitation. Fisheries' contribution to the Pacific Island economies. Asiatic Development Bank, Manila... Subdivision of output (tonnes): Subsistance 795; Coast industry 80; Onshore 75; 950 in all. Allocation of value: minimum livelihood US$1,164,268; coast trade (including pearls) US$10,319,644; local off-shore US$396,909; US$11,880,821 in all.