Polynesian OutliersPolyynesian outliers
Love, Michael D. Lieber, fl. CATEEGORY: Culture Polynesian outliers of the state of the art ethnology monographs.
Polynesian runaways out of the country- NZETC
The Polynesian outliers in Melanesia were to be investigated in connection with Polynesia, as already mentioned. A lot of extra Polynesian research would be uncovered by a systematical investigation of Melanesia. Such an enquiry should pay particular heed to the field of physics and handicraft techniques. Those that have attracted the least interest are Rennell and Bellona, and these could be the first points for further missions.
Hopefully other Melanesian organizations will do what the Bishop's Museum of Polynesia has done.
Nutrition and Ethnic State of Taumako, a Polynesian runaway in the Southeast Solomon Islands - Kinaston - 2013 - American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Robust Isotope ( (?C, ?N and ?S) are used to characterise the nutrition of adults (n = 99) buried in the cemetery of Namu on the Polynesian runaway of Taumako (?-750 BP). The Polynesian outliers are small offshore island communities that were populated in prehistoric times by migrating back from Polynesia.
Prestigious burial objects were distributed in the Namu graveyard as proof that the Taumako society was layered like the Polynesian cemeteries. We test the assumption that "wealthy" people and men have isotope relationships that indicate the use of " high-grade " food on the Pacific Isles such as pig meat, hen, turtles and saltwater turtles and saltwater trout.
Isotopic results indicate that the data of ?S have been changed by diagenetic factors, possibly an effect of volcanic activity. Isotopic proportions resistant to hydrocarbons and nitrates indicate that the nutrition of all specimens contained a blend of C3 terrestric vegetable food (probably staple starch products such as yams, taros and breadfruits, in supplement to nuts) and a wide range of sea ressources, as well as reefs and plagued seabream.
Steady results with isotopes suggest that affluent people and men consumed more food from higher tropic scales, which has been considered high-level pet food. Cheng-Yi Lee, Maa-Ling Chen, Peter Ditchfield, A. Mark Pollard, Li-Hung Lin, Pei-Ling Wang, Hsiu-Man Lin, Ching-Hua Lo and Hsi-Kuei Tsai, Dietetic reconstitution of the Iron Age populations at Fantzuyuan, Taiwan, by means of istotope analyses of anthropogenic and faunal collages of bones, archaeological research in Asia, 9, (34), (2017).
19. 1007/s12520-016-0440-y, 9, 7, (1405-1420), (2016), Rebecca L. Kinaston and Hallie R. Buckley, Isotope Insight into Nutrition and Heath at Namu Site, Taumako Island, Southeast Salomon Islands, Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences. Cristina Stantis, Hallie R. Buckley, Rebecca L. Kinaston, Patrick D. Nunn, Klervia Jaouen and Michael P. Richards, Isotope proof of man's mortality and nutrition in a prehistoric/protohistoric coastline of Fijia (ca. 750-150 BP), American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 159, 3, (478-495), (2015).
Xiaozheng Zhang, Yaowu Hu and Michael P. Richards, Isotopic Prospects (?C, proto-shangN, ?S) of nutrition, proto-shangN, and livestock farming during the proto-shang era (ca. 2000-1600 B.C.) of China, American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 160, 3, (433-445), (2016). Evahnaz Moghaddam, Felix Müller, Albert Hafner and Sandra Lösch, Late Iron Age Swiss SS: Robust analyses of man's remnants of Münsingen, archaeology and anthropology with regard to C, N and S sulfur isotopes, 10. 1007/s12520-014-0221-4, 8, 1, (149-160), (2014).
A New Insight into the Naval Nutrition of the Old Easter Islanders, Journal of Archaeological Science: Phaff Brianne, David V. Burley et Michael Richards, Dietary Isotopic Pattern et leurs sociale dans une développement préhistorique de la populations humaines de Sigatoka, Fiji, Journal of Archaeological Science : Gentle Gunilla Eriksson, Karin Margarita Frei, Rachel Howcroft, Sara Gummesson, Fredrik Molin, Kerstin Lidén, Robert Frei and Fredrik Hallgren, Nutrition and Masses of Motala ( "The Iso-Tope Perspective", Journal of Archaeological Science):
New Guinea, Rebecca L. Kinaston, Dimitri Anson, Peter Petchey, Richard Walter, Kasey Robb and Hallie Buckley, Lapita dieting and subsistence strategy on Watom Island, Papua New Guinea: Recent studies on the stability of isotopes in human beings and animal species, American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 157, 1, (30-41), (2015). Cristina Stantis, Rebecca L. Kinaston, Michael P. Richards, Janet M. Davidson, Hallie R. Buckley et Karen Hardy, Assessing Human Diet and Movement in the Tongan Maritime Chiefdom Using Isotopic Analyses, 10, 3, (e0123156), (2015), a.
Y. China de Armas, W.M. Buhay, R. Rodríguez Suárez, S. Bestel, D. Smith, S.D. Mowat and M. Roksandic, starch and isotope analyses of the use of cult species among fishermen collectors in Cuba: the archeological site of Canímar Abajo, Matanzas, Journal of Archeological Science, 58, (121), (2015). Debbie Guatelli-Steinberg, Frédérique Valentin, Hallie Buckley et Debbie Guatelli-Steinberg, Diet and Human Mobility from the Lapita to the Early Historic Period on Uripiv Island, Northeast Malakula, Vanuatu, PLoS ONE, 9, 8, (e104071), (2014).
Linderholm, Elin Fornander, Gunilla Eriksson, Carl-Magnus Mörth and Kerstin Lidén, Increasing Mobility at the Neolithic/Bronze Age Transition - Sulfur isotopes from Öland, Sweden, Internet Archaeology, 37, (2014). Advocates Negahnaz Moghaddam, Felix Müller and Sandra Lösch, A bio-archaeological analysis of the Iron Age in Switzerland: robust isotopic analysis (?C, ?N, ?S) of traces of humans, archaeological and anthropological sciences, 10. 1007/s12520-016-0441-x, (2016).
Debbie Guatelli-Steinberg, Rebecca Kinaston, Hallie Buckley, Frederique Valentin, Stuart Bedford, Matthew Spriggs, Stuart Hawkins, Estelle Herrscher and Lapita Diet in Remote Oceania: New stable isotope proofs from the 3,000 year old Teouma Site, Efate Island, Vanuatu, PLoS ONE, 10,1371/journal.pone.