Polynesian FigurinesFrench figures
The new Polynesian settlers brought ideas of hierarchy and rank and aesthetic principles such as carving stylized human figures.
To Tangata Whenua: A Illustrated Story - Atholl Anderson, Judith Binney, Aroha Harris
There is an illustrative story showing the story of M?ori from antiquity to the 21st cent. Surviving and resilient until the 20th centur y, through two major civilisations, the development of an urbane civilization, increasing protests and treaties. The fifteen breathtaking sections combine science in the fields of historiography, archeology, traditional stories and verbal resources.
Tiki culture and art
Hearing the term "tiki", we usually think of wood sculptures with penetrating glances and a threatening look. While some of the sculptures bear words of great happiness or mental equilibrium, others seem rather restless or depressed. Throughout time, the story of Tibetan civilization goes back to old Polynesia. These woodcarvings were first found in Polynesia, and it is said that woodcarvings depict a Polynesian god.
They are an integrated part of South Pacific cultural and historical myths. In a similar way as the Western Orthodox faith sees Adam as the first man made, Maori legend relates to Tiki as the first man. It is one of the most famous sagas that Tane made the first man, Tiki, and then made a woman for him.
However, another account says that Tiki mingled his own creativity with sound to make the first man, while another populist variant of the tale says that Tiki led a solitary existence longing for company. Tiki legend is amazing - perhaps because so many archipelago civilizations are paying homage to the Tiki gods.
There are four great Tiki goddesses in Hawaii: Ku the god of war, Lono the god of fertility and peace, Kane the god of light and life and Kanaloa the god of the sea. Old devotees worshipped these deities through prayers, song, windsurfing, sledging and even man sacrifices. The Tiki woodcarving is one of the oldest arts known to man, and all genuine Tiki woodcarving is inimitable.
Every archipelago adopted a different type of woodcarving technology. Most of the Tibetan Buddhist civilizations regarded sculptures of Tibetan Tikis, sculpted by high-ranking tribal members, as holy and mighty, and these were used in specific worship rites. Sculpted by someone other than a high-ranking member of the tribe, they were merely used as ornament. Several islanders still believe in the might of the Tokis, as do some of the sculptures that are used as focal points for ceremonials - similar to the ritual of voice.
Sculpted with menacing terms, they are often used to drive away bad minds, and others with more friendly terms are used for worshiping, service of salvation or happiness. Every single Tiki sculpture, whether made of stones or woods, shows the creative art of its age. There are many archeologists who believe that the sculptures each have a special history to tell and that these particular icons and woodcarvings represent facets of antique man.
Some woodcarvings, for example, contain sacred icons or other tokens of dedication to the deities that they can be. The majority of Tiki's Easter Island are directly cut from the volcanic rocks of Rano Raraku and more than 880 sculptures have been found and inventoryd. Estimates suggest that almost 200 men were needed to take a sculpture from where it was cut to its cemetery.
The society's allure to Tiki civilization and arts inspired him to become a popular figure in the nineteen-thirties. Carving and other Polynesian arts have become a major emphasis for exotic dining and tiki pubs around the globe. Ernest Raymond Beaumont-Gantt opened the first Tiki cultural centre in 1934.
The restaurant Trader Vic was launched in the early 1940', when many troops returned home from World War II, and quickly gained notoriety. Designer Victor Bergeron also adorned his restaurant with tropic materials, wicker furnishings and flames of torch. In the 1970' it came to a decrease of the Tiki bar, since the Disco became the prevailing nightclub scenery.
Don't worry, the 1980s revitalized the Tiki civilization! Teens became interested in Tiki gods, and the mid-age became nostalgia and sentimentality about the partys their families had held when they were young. Most of the modernised tiki eateries and pubs have retained their traditional root; they still show their colourful textiles, blazing flares and sculptures.
Beverages like the Mai-Tai and the Zombie are still flowing free and the Tiki gods keep their sinister attitude.