Pentecost IslandWhitsun Island
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The Pentecost Island is one of the 83 indigenous Pentecost Island that make up the South Pacific state of Vanuatu. Situated 190 kilometers northerly of the capitol Port Vila. The Pentecost Island is known as Pentecôte in French and Pentikos in Bislama. It was known in its mother tongue under the name Vanu Aroaroa, although these are no longer used today.
Whitsun is also known as Raga or Araga, a name of the tribe that originates in the northern part of the island and is now spread all over the island. It is sometimes called Whitsuntide Island in ancient springs. Whitsun is a luxuriant, hilly island that extends for about 60 kilometers from west to west.
With the Vulmat at 947 meters, the chain of mountains forms the boundary between the wet, rain-covered east and moderate west coasts. The first sightings were made by the Spaniard Pedro Fernandez de Quiros' expledition in April 1606. On Pentecost, 22 May 1768, Pentecost was again spotted by Louis Antoine de Bougainville.
This was also spotted by Captain James Cook during his journey through the New Hebrides (now Vanuatu) in 1774. Turaga's tribal movements, which reject the West's system and instead promote an option on the basis of the "kastom (customs) economy", began at Pentecost and are headquartered in Lavatmanggemu in the north-east of the island.
In the 2009 survey, the island has almost 17,000 inhabitants. 2 ] Pentecostal cities are located on the western shore, but many inhabitants also inhabit the interior. The most important colonies on the western coastline are (... from northeast to southeast): Off the shore there are large colonies in Nazareth and Atavtabangga in the northern part and in Enaa, Wutsunmwel, Tanbok, Naruwa, Ubiku and Tansip in the center of the island.
It is a rugged and remote island with large areas of uninhabitated land, although the island's populations are growing and therefore displaced to previously unpopulated areas. Important settlements on the island's eastside are Ranwas, Bunlap and Baie Barrier (Ranon) in the southeast and Renbura and Vanrasini further northerly. There' re no cities on Pentecost.
The majority of the island' s inhabitants are living in small country towns, which make a living from subsidised farming and the cultivation of agricultural plants. Taro, a nutritious basic diet, is a good plant for the humid Pentecostal climat. Mangocur, yam roots, banana, kumala (sweet potato), coconut, islet cauliflower, papaya, nakavica (rose apples), lemon fruits, cocoa, mango, pineapple, cocoa, mango, walnuts and Europe's own greengrocer.
But more affluent island dwellers are now building their homes from import raw materials such as concrete and asbestos. Whitsun has two airfields, Lonorore Airport in the southwest and Sara Airport in the north where small planes arrive two to three flights a day per city. Freighters operating between Port Vila and Luganville serve the island's western shore, although few vessels make it to the eastern shore, where marine life is harsh and the populations scarce.
There is a rugged country lane from northern to southwestern part of the island, another street connecting Salap in the southwest with Ranwas in the southeast. The Pentecostal island is regularly visited by yachty people who moor in the towns of Loltong, Waterfall and Panngi. The Pentecost Island has five native tongues, all from the Eastern Vanuatu school: the English, the German, the English, the French and the German:
Rapha (northern Pentecost), Apma (central Pentecost), Sowa (a recently deceased southern Pentecost language), Ske (a small and vulnerable southwestern Pentecost language) and Sa (southern Pentecost). Furthermore, most Pentecostal speakers of Bislama, the official Vanuatu Pidgins, and the island's mother tongues are becoming more and more intermingled with Bislama words and phrases.
Formed island dwellers also speak English or French, which are trained in school.