Pasha IslandPascha Island
An old belief is that after setting up camps and carving the huge sculptures, the inhabitants of the island devastated their own societies by fighting and depleting our own raw materials. However, a new survey proposes a completely different situation, and the inhabitants of the island may have a more complicated story than they thought.
Over the years, many features of the island, the sculptures and the Polish sailors who came there 900 years ago have been investigated. However, a survey released Monday in the Journal of Pacific Archaeology used several records from recent archaeological digs to gain a better insight into the company that built the sculptures and how they were made.
Thus, the scientists used an unlikely way to investigate societal issues and to see what could have happened: a numerical examination of the rock implements used on the sculptures. The lessons they learnt during the excavation of four of the sculptures and the vulcanic rock basketware with which they were carved were shown in a different picture: a demanding and cooperative community.
"Dale Simpson Jr., an archeologist at the University of Queensland, said in a declaration that the concept of Easter Island contest and breakdown could be exaggerated. "For me, stonemasonry is a sound proof of the collaboration between the family and craftsmen ", 2,300 nautical miles off the Chilean coastline.
Some 900 years ago the founder of the island, named Rapa Nui, arrived on the island in the national tongue. Those sailors came with two boats and were headed by Hotu Matu'a, who according to verbal records was to become the first chieftain of the island. Inhabitants rose to tens of millions, and they used to carve full-body carvings named moonis to depict important progenitors of the Rape Nui.
Nearly a thousand sculptures have been found, many of which have been dug up to the head over the years. According to the scientists, their mere scale and number is an indication of a highly demanding company. "Old man Rafa Nui had chieftains, clergy and working class guilds fishing, farming and making mai.
Some socio-political organisation was necessary to make almost a thousand statues," Simpson said. Jo Anne Van Tilburg, head of the Easter Island project, and her archaeological crew Rafa Nui salvaged about 1,600 rock implements during the work. You performed an accurate analytical chemistry and spectrometry of 17 tool fragment masses, named Tokyo.
"Laure Dussubieux, a Studienko writer and researcher at the Field Museum, said in a statement: "We wanted to find out where the ingredients for the artefacts came from. "when they were near where they live. There are three springs or stone pits where the island' inhabitants could have collected tool supplies.
Neighborhood stone pits are the equivalent of two soccer pitches. Basaltic specimens disclose their source through their elemental chemistry, which is due to the site's geometry. "Most of the Tokyo population came from a stone pit compound - as soon as they found the pit they liked, they stuck with it," Simpson said.
"In order for anyone to use any kind of rock, he had to work together. "There is so much secret about Easter Island because it is so secluded, but on the island humans were and are still in the process of interaction in large quantities," Simpson said. "Today there are still a thousand and a half rapa nui living - today our societies have not disappeared.
" However, the scientists also push for prudence and believe that this trial is only the beginning and creates the basis for more research. "Using a quarry almost exclusively to make these seventeen moulds gives a perspective of craftsmanship specialisation on the basis of information sharing, but we cannot know at this point whether the interactions were collaborative," Van Tilburg said.
Humane behaviour is complicated. and our digs are continuing to shed new life on moon carving."