Norfolk Island PrisonIsle of Norfolk Island Prison
The people of Canberra - many of them descendents of the Bounty Meuters - are fighting against the changes. Norfolk, a piece of country 900 leagues eastwards of Brisbane, has been enjoying great independence for 30 years.
However, the GOA has recently signaled its commitment to revising the island's system of rule. Rescue is unlikely unless the island approves the Canberra reform. As Patricia Magri, the student library teacher, remembers a period when students who talked Norfolk-Patois - a mix of English of the eighteenth and Tahiti and Low German - were betrayed by their Aussie instructors "for the gibberish".
" Norfolk was populated in 1856 by Bounty Mutineers and their Tahitians who had grown out of their pristine port, the island of Pitcairn. Norfolk is a place of gentle slopes and arable land, dotted with the statuary pine trees that give the island its name. In the 70s there were only unpaved streets on the island and the power supplies were irregular.
In 1840 Norval Morris found an island in the South Pacific, which is an unlikely but abundant resource for insight into the current prison system of the USA. Morris, the emeritus Julius Kreeger professor at the Law School, has interwoven facts and fictions in his latest work, Maconochieâs Gentlemen: Norfolk Island's history and the origins of modern prison reform (Oxford University Press).
His report on a violent UK prison, which was briefly turned into a rehabilitative paradigm, has received criticism. He used historic notes, correspondence and biographic material as the basis for the fictitious depiction of a retiring UK navy commander, Alexander Maconochie, who voluntarily reported as the head of the then toughest and most isolated prison camp in England.
âHistory is factual, intuitive and speculative,â said Morris. Through the fictitious voice of Maconochie, his likeable but mutinous little girl and a prisoner on Norfolk Island, he narrates the film. Born in New Zealand and studying in Australia, Morris also used his own South Pacific knowledg.
The" gentlemen" mentioned in the name are the ex-convicts who were rehabilitation by the prison trial Maconochie. At Norfolk Island were more than 2,000 prisoners who, as Morris described, âwere crowded together in beetle rooms and sleeping rooms lined up in a shed that could take up about half their number, the remainder ate outside near a smelly community prison, their nourishment was raised in the mouth with their hands, as they were forbidden to eat because they lacked enough to drink enough moisture to bathe themselves or their clothing on a regular basis, and were forced to be in bed after the bowel movement.
By using the so-called âmarking system, the pensioned navy commander awarded good behaviour with benefits. â The markers were vouchers that decreased prison times basing on good behaviour. Maconochie spent four years in office importing bowls, setting up a reading book collection for the illiterates, allowing the use of crockery and allowing the prisoners to have their garden.
It was a successful method and Norfolk Island was turned into a tranquil and ordered village. Maconochie was mocked and eventually fired for his services by high-ranking British civil servants. Morris, who in his 53-year judicial record has authored a number of textbooks and essays on prison reforms, provides Maconochie history as a lesson booklet for todayâ? "s system of detention, which he regards as very fault.
It is largely limited to whether dissuasion or rehab is the more efficient technology for cutting crime," said Morris. When Maconochie left in 1844, the punishment camp resumed its old ways and Maconochie's entire policy was over. â The day-to-day atrocities against the prisoner came back, as did flogging and executions.
Unoccupied until 1865, the island became home to the Bounty mutineers' sons and grandsons when the British authorities relocated them from Pitcarirn Island. Today the luxuriant and moderate island is a touristic goal. Mingled with the customary spa redirections are historic conversations that represent the harsh life of the prison settlement and the quaint life of the Bounty descendants.
It is rare to mention the exceptional four years in which Captain Maconochie designed a prisoner care system that is now rare.