Nicunau is a low level reef on the Gilbert Islands and is a municipality of the Republic of Kiribati. Inhabitants of the isle are on average 2.000 Cain Nikunau I-Kiribati. There are also some other I-Kiribati who work for the government of the Republic or the Nikunau counsel.
Over the years, other outside inhabitants have been shipwrecked and beach robbers in the era of migratory and whale-fishing, Protestant Samoan ministers, merchants and operatives who run the businesses and co-operatives of the island (e.g. Andrew Turner, Tom Day, Frank Even, Kum Kee, Kwong) and Catholic clerics. Nicholas story includes verbal reports that have been handed down from father to son, especially from uniman to uniman (the old men of each and every father and daughter family), and that have been dedicated to the works of I-Matang (light-skinned men of continental descent) since the nineteenth cent.
Among these I-Matang are Arthur Grimble and Harry Maude, who were civil servants of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands for many years, Barrie MacDonald, a historian who specialized in the story of this settlement and the resulting Republic of Kiribati, and Jean-Paul Latouche, who transcribed the tales of the Unimans of the 1960' into tae ni Kiribati (Gilbertese) and translates them into French.
We know from these that the Isle has always been inhabited; that it was important in Gilbert's and Gilbert's historical and culture in the expansion of the Mwanéaba system around the sixteenth centuary; that it was visited by its first registered I-Matang visitor on 2 July 1765, namely Commodore John Byron and the British vessels and crews under his commando HMS Dolphin on its voyage around the globe (for a period the Isle was called Byron Isle in his name.
Cain Nikunau lived in scattered apartment buildings, probably concentrated on six of the Mwaneabas, which were the centre of communal, public, political, religion, business and culturality. Whilst each wwaneaba ward had much in common with the neighboring isles, and the same on neighboring isles such as Beru, they were both politically indipendent. Whereas the Nikunaui' inhabitants have changed little from the 1,500 to 2,200 persons assessed or registered at different periods since the 1800s, the Tarawai' inhabitants have grown from the 3,000 to 4,000 in the first half of the twentieth century to about 50,000 today.
Today more Cain Nikunau live on Tarawa than on Nikunau, and many Cain Nikunau on Tarawa have not yet settled on Nikunau. Since Kiribati's liberation from the Asian Bank and the relief organizations of various overseas government agencies, such as Australia, Japan, Korea, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, the European Union, the UNDP, the People's Republic of China and Nationalist China, the Asian Bank has continued the work.
9 ] This assistance continues to have a backwashing effect on Nikunau, while for Cain Nikunau, who lives on Tarawa, it is creating an increasing number of unwanted ecological and societal condi-tions. The Nikunau airport is flown by Air Kiribati from Beru Island airport on Beru Island (from where the same carrier will fly to Tabiteuea North Airport, Tabiteuea, and from there, next to Beru, to Arorae (on the way back via Tamana), Nonouti, Tabiteuea South, Tamana (via Arorae) and Bonriki International Airport, Tarawa) on Monday.
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to the Coconut Oil Trade of the Gilbert Island, Journal of the Polynesian Society, 74, S. 396-437. Munro, D, Firth, S. On the way to the Colonies: the fall of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands. Aussie Journal of Politics and Politics 1986; 32: 63-71. This is Gilbert Island worker on Samoa estates. and Commonwealth Historical Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth 1987 ; 16 : 24-43.
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Iles Gilbert's family. On Ethnohistorical Interpretation, Journal of the Polynesian Society, 72 (Supplément), S. 1-68. to the Coconut Oil Trade of the Gilbert Island, Journal of the Polynesian Society, 74, S. 396-437. Demographic projections for Kiribati and Tuvalu, 1850-1900: Polynesian Society Journal, 89, 199-246. On the way to a story of Kiribati and Tuvalu, Australian National University Press, Canberra.