Nikumaroro MapNicumaroro Map
Only 7.5 kilometres (4.7 miles) times 2.5 kilometres (1.6 miles) long and encircled by the high seas, it is hardly a spot on the Worldmap. Although not inhabited today, the Nikumaroro Atlas is remarkable for someone who probably had a brief and unhappy stay there: This is Amelia Earhart. Almost 1,000 kilometres from Fiji, half way between Australia and Hawaii, this South Pacific is basically a sandbank on a falling off-shore cay.
On 28 July 2014, the Operational Land Imager (OLI) on Landsat 8 took a natural-coloured picture of the small isle. Formerly called Gardner Iceland by US seafarers, Nikumaroro belongs to the Phoenix Islands in the state of Kiribati. Americans and the British tried several attempts to colonise the entire archipelago, trying to cultivate coconut and consider the site for war-tests.
In 2006 Kiribati announced the Phoenix Islands Protected Area. Nikumaroro's most celebrated aspiration is that it could be the last place of rest for Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan. In July 1937, the couple of Americans took one of the last stages from New Guinea to fly around the globe by plane.
They were destined for Howland Island (also part of the Phoenix Island chain), but they never made it. Radiograms indicate they may have failed their targets by several hundred leagues to the south-east. Earhart's Lockheed Electra 10E has been used by forensics, history and aeronautics enthusiasts for many years.
Subsequent exploration revealed indications of bonfires, mussels and pelagic, turtles and birds that seemed to have ate. In a new review of the old proofs released early this year, it was found that there is enough proof to call Nikumaroro Earhart's last rest, although the dispute is ongoing.