Mutiny on the Bounty Wikipediamutiny on the Bounty Wikipedia
Wikipedia - HMS Bounty
The HMS Bounty, also known as HM Armed Bounty was a small trading boat bought by the Royal Navy for a botanic missions. It was sent to the Pacific Ocean under the orders of William Bligh to purchase breadfruits and move them to UK holdings in the West Indies.
A mutiny under the leadership of Lieutenant Fletcher Christian never ended this task. It is now commonly known as a mutiny on the Bounty. Bounty was later burnt by the mutineers as she tied up on Pitcairn Island. In 1957, an adventurous US explorer re-discovered the Bounty's remnants; several parts have since been recovered.
Bethia colliery was initially the Bethia colliery constructed in 1784 at the Blaydes yard in Hull, Yorkshire, England. On 23 May 1787 the Royal Navy bought it for 1,950 (equivalent to 209,000 in 2016), converted it and named it Bounty. Bethia was bought by the Royal Navy for a unique operation to help an experiment: the purchase of breadfruits from Tahiti and the transport of these crops to the West Indies in the hopes that they would flourish there and become a low-cost means of subsistence for them.
It was Sir Joseph Banks who suggested the experience and William Belih as commandant. In turn, he was sponsored by a Royal Society of Arts award. The Bounty in Deptford was rebuilt in June 1787. On August 16, 1787, at the tender of 33, William Balih was named commanding lieutenant of the Bounty after making a journey as sailor of James Cook's motion during his third and last journey (1776-80).
It consisted of 46 men: a sole mate ( "Bligh"), 43 other Royal Navy staff and two civil boticians. The Bounty left Spithead for Tahiti on December 23, 1787. Then Bligh went eastward, circled the south tip of Africa (Cape Agulhas) and crossed the Indian Ocean.
On the way there, Mr John Fryer was degraded and replaced by Fletcher Christian. The act seriously corrupted the bond between Fryer and Fligh, and Fryer later asserted that Bligh's act was completely inhuman. Bounty arrived Tahiti on 26 October 1788, after ten month at sea. He and his staff spend five month in Tahiti, then known as Otaheite, gathering and processing 1,015 bread fruit saplings.
Mr Bolgh permitted the occupation to stay on land and take charge of the plant pots, and they were socialised with Tahitian traditions and people. Most of the sailors and some of the "young lords" got tattoos in a local way. Other Bounty officials and sailors are also said to have established "connections" with local mothers.
Five month later, on April 4, 1789, the Bounty started sailing with her bread fruitload. A mutiny erupted on April 28, 1789, about 2,100 km western of Tahiti, near Tonga. In spite of powerful words and menaces from both sides, the vessel was taken by none of the loyaltyists but Bligh himself, bloodless and seemingly without a fight.
Out of the 42 men on the vessel, except Bligh and Christian, 22 Christians followed the mutiny, two were inactive and 18 stayed faithful to Bligh. They ordered Bligh, two ensigns, the fellow surgeons (Ledward) and the ship's writer into the vessel. A number of other men volunteered to join Bligh instead of staying on the plane.
Sailing 30 sea-mile ('56km) by open vessel to Tofua in pursuit of provisions, Bligh and his men were fleeing enemy local attack that led to the deaths of one of the men. Sailing to the Isle of Tubuai, the rebels tried to establish themselves.
16 of the rebels - among them the four loyaltyists who could not escort Bligh - stayed there and took their chance that the Royal Navy would find them and take them to trial. The HMS Pandora was sent by the Admiralty in November 1790 to pursue the Bounty to catch the rebels and take them back to England to face a military judgmenta.
The Pandora stayed in jail until August 29, 1791, when the Pandora at the Great Barrier Reef was destroyed with the death of 35 people; four of them (Stewart, Sumner, Skinner and Hildebrand) were rebellion. Shortly after the landing of the sixteen men in Tahiti in September 1789, Fletcher Christian, eight other crew members, six Tahiti men and eleven wives, one with a child, in the hope of escaping the Royal Navy.
They crossed Fiji and the Cook Islands, but were afraid that they would be found there. In search of a secure haven, on 15 January 1790 they re-discovered the island of Pitcairn, which had been moved to the maps of the Royal Navy. Cattle and other supplies were taken out of the Bounty after the company decided to move to Pitcairn.
In order to avoid the discovery of the vessel and its possible flight, the vessel was burnt in today's Bounty Bay on January 23, 1790. Pitcairn's rebels were undiscovered until February 1808, when the only survivor of the rebellion, John Adams, and the survival of Tahitian wives and their offspring were found by the Boston Sealers Topaz under the command of Captain Mayhew Folger of Nantucket, Massachusetts.
As the last surviving Adams told him, Beechey had written a detailled report about the mutiny. Bechervaise who described the lives of the island' s inhabitants says he found the Bounty' s remnants and took some wooden items that were turned into snuffboxes.
Bounty' The detail of HMAV Bounty's journey is very well recorded, mainly due to Bligh's efforts to keep an exact record before, during and after the mutiny itself. Bounty's crewing lists are also well recorded, down to the name of all seafarers on the ship, which large vessels in the scoring system could only achieve on occasion by crewing for centuries, while the Bounty transported less than fifty people.
Since then, Captain Bligh's protocol has reflected the Bounty launch's journey to the Dutch East Indies. Transit Bounty launches to a second near-by islet, called "Sunday Island" June 1-2: The Bounty Lunch transit forty-two mile trip to a third isle, called "Turtle Island" Captain Bligh's Quest Logs from this point mirrors his comeback to England aboard various trading and sailboats.
During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the Royal Navy's status and location were determined by a mixture of two hierarchical structures - an formal ranking (contract officer, staff officer, petty officer and sailor) and a traditionally recognised separation between gentleman and non-gentleman. RNUs were often used to indicate ranking and location on vessels; however, they were not carried on the vessel every day, while Bounty was on the way because of the long and insulated journey.
In the forefront of the order were the commanded officer; on a large battleship were the skipper, several guards commanders and the officer who commanded the Royal Marine on it. However, the Bounty did not carry any Navy or officer other than Lieutenant Bligh himself, who was serving as skipper and commandant of thehip.
Then came the army officials, such as the sailor, the sailor, the bosun, the paymaster and the shooter, who were regarded as craftsmen and masters. The captain and his comrades, as commander-in-chief, had the right to take on the commanders in the officers' mess (although in this case there were no lieutenants); other commanders were in the armory.
As with the assigned officer, the staff officer had the right of entry to the afterdeck and was not punished by beating. and the skipper couldn't change his position. Catholics from Rome were permitted to act as arrest wardens, but not as commissioners.
Underneath the law enforcement came the petro. Among the non-commissioned commanders were two distinct groups: young lords who were trained to become prospective commanders, who often served as ensigns or captains, and craftsmen who worked as qualified staff officers' aides. These young lords were ranked among the staff officer of the Captain's grace, but as prospective incoming officer they were regarded as social superiors and often received a guard (with authorities over some staff officers) or a small commando.
At the bottom of the hierarchy of trees were the sailors, subdivided into capable sailors and simple sailors. Only the only seafarers who were accepted into the Bounty crews were able to transport seafarers; the boat had no regular seafarers or landmen due to the ship's long and rather important missions.
However, please be aware that the young masters could also be classified as sailors and not as ensigns in the ship's records, although they are still regarded as the sergeants' and non-commissioned officers' supervisors (with the exception of other young gentlemen) and most arrest warrants officer and could be given control over them. Immediately after the mutiny, all but four of the faithful captain Bligh in the long vessel followed for the journey to Timor and finally made it back to England unless otherwise noted in the chart below.
They were arrested against their will on the Bounty for their abilities and shortage of room on the long vessel. Most of the Pandora later took them prisoner and brought them to England for trials. 9 mutinescents resumed their escape from the Act and finally colonized Pitcairn Island, where all but one were killed before their destiny became known to the outside known.
Biographic information on the members of the Pitcairn Islands Study Centre (PISC) can be found on the Bounty's Crew Encyclopedia page. The Bounty's remnants were found by Luis Marden in January 1957. Having found remnants of the rudder (found by Parkin Christian in 1933 and still exhibited at the Fiji Museum in Suva), he convinced his authors and journalists to let him go diving from Pitcairn Island, where the oar had been found.
"12 ] - For several long nights Marden immersed himself in the perilous waves near the isle and found the remnants of the ship: a rowing peg, pins, a ship's rudders, armatures and a bounty anchors, which he lifted. 11 ] He thereafter athletic contest with Marlon Brando to advise him in his portrayal as Fletcher Christian in the 1962 object Mutiny on the Bounty.
Marden later in their lives used Bounty nailed cufflinks. He also appeared on the HMS Pandora shipwreck leaving a bounty pin near Pandora. Several of the Bounty's remnants, such as the gravel rocks, are still partly to be seen in the Bounty Bay area. Bounty's last four 4-pound cannons were salvaged in 1998 by an archeological staff of James Cook University and sent to the Queensland Museum in Townsville to be stabilized by a protracted preservation process, i.e. almost 40 month of smelter.
Weapon was then brought back to Pitcairn Island, where it was exhibited in a new parish building in October 2012. In 1935, when the Bounty's mutiny was shot, some sailboats (often with auxiliary engines) were still in use: and already existent ships were modified for Bounty and Pandora.
C. Knight, "HM Armed Vessel Bounty", Mariner's Mirror 22 (1936). HMAS Bounty's cannon. Archiveed from the orginal on November 3, 2012. Accessed October 31, 2012. "against the bounty." It'?s the Bounty: It' the true story of the mutiny on the Bounty. William Bligh. Bounty's Crew Encyclopedia.
The Bounty's last relics. Bounty Anchors on the Sqare. Archiveed from the orginal on October 26, 2012. Accessed October 31, 2012. Sandy hurricane shuts down large HMS Bounty vessel. Grier, Peter (October 29, 2012). "HMS Bounty history, submerged by Sandy off the N.C. coast."
Jonsson, Patrik (October 30, 2012). "The HMS Bounty accident man claims connection to mutinying Fletcher Christian." Allen, Nick (October 31, 2012). "Sandy's bounty offering was a descendant of the man who headed the famed mutiny." Accessed October 31, 2012. Dolak, Kevin; Effron, Lauren (October 30, 2012). Dalesio, Emery P.; Lush, Tamara (October 31, 2012).
"against HMS Bounty: The Bounty" (PDF). October 24, 2012. Photogallery of the HMS Bounty replication at Tall Ships Nova Scotia 2009 and 2012.