Micronesian CanoesMikronesian canoes
Historical Micronesian canoes make land fall on Guam - The fourth branch
Hagatna Harbor, GUAM - This weekend, four hand-carved sail canoes arrived in Guam and made a five-day journey from Yap State across the open sea. A strenuous hike underscores the continued popularity of Waa'gey, a Yap-based mentoring programme that teaches young islanders how to carve and navigate in local canoes. This journey between Yap State and Guam was designed to bridging the gap between culture and age.
Carolina Proas", wooden canoes, which the Micronesians developed, refined and made well known. Designing, constructing and sailing conventional canoes demands enormous knowledge. The Outer Islanders traditionally exchanged interwoven dresses and matting for canoes made on Yap Proper. It was part of a comprehensive trading system stretching across the Caroline Islands, Guam and even the Mariana Islands for several hundred kilometres.
Today, the promises of health care, training and jobs have attracted the Outer Islanders to the bigger, more advanced Micronesian isles. Several Micronesians have taken the next stage of migration to Guam or Hawaii, an opportunity made possible by the Compact of Free Association between the United States and Micronesia. Waa'gey has been using the construction of canoes for a decennium to meet the current societal and ecological challenge throughout the state of Yap.
The conviction behind this vision is that traditionally held assets and abilities play a constant part in helping young adults meet today's world.
The boom kayak is a kind of kayak with one or more side supporting swimmers, the so-called cantilevers, which are attached to one or both sides of the mast. Small canoes often use a cantilever on the portside, while bigger canoes can use a simple cantilever, a twin cantilever or a twin-body.
Sailboats are an important part of Polynesia's cultural legacy and are regattas and sails in Hawaii, Tahiti, Samoa and at the M?ori of New Zealand. In contrast to a one-shell kayak, an extension or double-shell kayak creates strength by the space between its bodies and not by the form of each one.
For example, the bodies of canoes with outriggers or twin skins are usually longer, slimmer and more hydrodynamic than those of canoes with a one-shell. In comparison to other canoe models, canoes are quite quick, but can also be used for paddling and sailing in rough waters. Used by paddlers, the paddles or blades are single-sided, with either a simple wave or a wave with a twisted edge.
In spite of the individual paddles, an expert kayaker will be paddling only on one side, using a j-blow style to keep the course and balance. The original development of outerrigger canoes for maritime transport was made by the Austronesian-speaking nations of the South-East Asian isles. Whereas today they can be found in East Africa (e.g. the Hungarian Galawa of Tanzania), the Austronese tribes (Philippine, Malay, Malagasy, Micronesian, Molanese and Polish peoples) are still the main customers of the canoes.
Canoes are also used by certain non-Austrian groups, such as the Sinhalese in Sri Lanka, where they are known as Oruwa, and by some groups in the Andaman and Nicobar Isles. There are two Hokulea and Hawaiiloa canoes, and the French Voyaging Society uses conventional Polish navigational techniques without any instrument.
Hikianalia and Alingano Maisu are other existing canoes. Canoes can be quite large fishery or transportation ships. On the Philippines canoes (called parav or bangka) are often equipped with gasoline motors. Connections between shipping and canoes in the Philippines reach as far as Philippine politics, where the smallest governmental entity in the land is still known as the "barangay" after the historic Balangai canoes used in the initial migration of the first Austronese tribes across the islands and beyond.
Twin-boom canoes are widely used in Southeast Asia and Madagascar. You have two cantilever float, which are linked with tie bars, which are attached over a fuselage. It ranges from small ships like Yukung, Vanta and Parav to small merchant and fishery ships like the ones in Bangkok and Basnygan to very large military ships like the ones in Caracoa and the ones in Korahko.
Filipino ships usually install extra outriggers, named batangans, over the outriggers (tadik), between the outriggers ( "katig") and the mast ( "bangka"). In Polynesia and Micronesia, individual boom canoes are more common. Canoes have a unique boom floater (Ama) linked to the major body by beams named ?iato Canoes have a unique boom floater (Ama) linked to the major body by beams named M?ori (Hawaiian), ?iato (Tahitian) or Kiat (M?ori).
Canoeists must be aware not to lean too far to the other side of the Amazon, as this can lead to capsizing of the kayak (huli or luma?i). Catamarans are a variation of canoes with two equally large fuselages (instead of one fuselage and one cantilever float). Outdoor kayaking has become a favourite pastime, with countless teams around the globe.
Outdoor CANÖE RACING is the state of Hawaii and an inter-scholastic high-scholastic sports. Nowadays canoes are classed according to configurations and number of canoes and number of canoes, inclusive OC1, OC2, OC3, OC4 and OC6 boats (with the number of canoes with a single-hull canoe) and DC12 or OC12 (with twelve canoes with a double-hull-cano, two six-person canoes, which are assembled like a catamaran).
Six-man canoes (or OC6) are among the most commonly used sports; one-man canoes (or OC1) are also very well known. Canoes with two or four outriggers are sometimes used, and two six-person outriggers are sometimes assembled like a twelve-passenger twin-cano.
Race boom canoes. On the right front, with a smaller torso and a smaller torso, the OC1 is a single-person boom or OC1-cano. Other canoes are six-person canoes or canoes with an extension of 6 persons. Some canoes are, however, made from more conventional material. Canoes have been cut from the logs of very old Koas in old Hawaii.
While these canoes are seldom, they are still in use today. State-of-the-art OC1 fuselages and Americas are typically made of fiberglass enforced plastics, composite plastics and/or Kevlar to make a powerful but lightweight kayak. The OC1 usually uses aluminum chassis with an assembly and disassembly system (push studs, large wingnuts, etc.).
The canoes are positioned in an arm paddle in a line pointing to the front of the boat (i.e. forward, in the driving sense, as opposed to rowing). As a rule, the helmsman (or helmsman or helmsman) is seated on the last paddle of the boat (seat 6 in joint OC6) and, as the name suggests, is primarily used for steer.
Canoeist seated in position 1 is referred to as a stroking attack (or stroker) and is accountable for the speed of the rap. If the bend is narrow, one can push the other to turn the canoe back. Situated in the centre of the boat (seats 3 and 4), known as the Power Pack, are the sturdy and energetic canoeists.
In canoeing, every item plays an important part. With an OC1, the individual canoeist must also control the kayak. Several OC1s have oars that can be controlled by pedal, while OC1s without oars must be controlled by pulling and canoeing to move the kayak forward.
The helmsman is able to keep the position of the kayak upright throughout the entire course and to keep the vessel and crews safely in harsh seas. He/she can also use the weather to get additional speeds while browsing. A helmsman uses a single-blade steerable pod that has a bigger vane than a regular cantilever type kayaker, is thicker and has little or no curvature in its cuff.
Design: Canoeing at an elbow of 45 to 90 degrees to draw rain under the kayak, turning the kayak in the opposite directio. Post: hold the kayak aside in the sea with the leading edges bent against the required rotation axis, usually as a warm-up.
Canoeing: By exerting force on one side of the boat, the helmsman can slightly control the direction in which the boat rotates. Canoeing also enhances the overall force that moves the kayak forward in comparison to the other ways of steerin. A helmsman should try to pedal as much as possible so that he or she does not decelerate the kayak by adding to the amount of mass in the kayak.
The helmsman also rides the boat and canoeists. Since a jib-cano is a long, slim boat with the helmsman at the very end, the helmsman must give sufficient loud and clear directions for the whole flight deck to heed. The helmsman should also be among the most skilled members of the boat crews and be familiar with the navigable waters and meteorological and sailing regulations and other aspects of security, such as the use of individual swimming equipment, the use of the rig, the positioning of canoeists in the various sitting position and the rescue from a hula by raising the boat and rescuing it from the slack.
A helmsman should also be able to hold the Ama down in harsh sea. Canoeists use one-wing canoes, usually with simple or double-bent canoes. As with most other race kayak shots, the kayak has a similar kayak lift, with particular emphasis on the tensile strengths of the cores and claws. Usually every kayaker on the opposite side of the kayaker kayaks directly in front (e.g. in an OC6, kayakers on positions 1, 3 and 5 on one side, while kayakers on positions 2 and 4 on the other side).
At the same time, all Paddlemen change sides on a call of a certain calleder. Handlebars can be paddled on both sides or change sides as required. Also the helmsman will change sides to prevent the Ama from appearing and overturning. Strong canoeists are usually placed in the centre of the kayak, while the most enduring canoeists sit in the front, as the leader canoeists set the speed for the team.
The other canoeists synchronise their shots with the one in front of them (which they can see directly). It is often preferable to have a paddleman with control skills in the OC6 (seat 5) in order to enable the helmsman to steer in some conditions.
By the time the kayak surfs, the transom of the kayak is so far out of the sea that place 5 must keep the kayak on course. If you have a helmed 5 seated canoeist, you can also help prevent a July by remaining on the side of the Amazon during a particularly harsh rap.
The canoeists must also check the state of the paddle in the harsh enough to spray into the paddle, notify the helmsman and take the boat out if necessary. Canoeists also need to know how to relax from a July under the guidance of the helmsman.
Canoeists at the front can also be told to turn the kayak in the opposite directions (poking) or to turn it too far (stowing and pulling the ox, pulling the kayak to the side where this happens) to quickly turn the kayak around.
More frequent, however, are long-distance runs of 20 to 30 kilometers, whereby short distances of 5 to 8 kilometers are usually available for beginners and under 20 years. Long runs with the OC6 often include a paddle switch, where the kayak is driven directly out of the boat and back in again during the ride (this is known as a boat change).
Nine paddleboats usually make up a team, with six canoeing OC6s and the other three relaxing, sipping and/or ashore. The exchange usually takes place every 20 to 30 minutes; the accompanying dinghy lets the auxiliary paddler drop into the sea in front of the OCT6, which is directed towards them.
Embossed paddler enter on the side of the Amazon, while those who replace them are rolling into the waters on the opposite side. Afterwards, the accompanying canoe will pick up the canoeists in the waters so that they can relax, enjoy a meal and/or hydrate before taking the strain off some of the canoeists in the OC6. 2.
Moloka?i Hawaii Hamilton Cup in Australia, The Vaka Eiva in Rarotonga (Cook Islands), The Motu2Motu in Aitutaki (Cook Islands) and the Catalina Channel Cruising in California are four example events with a change of state. As a rule, kayakers and teams are divided according to sex and time. The sex ranking is usually simple, with masculine, feminine and mixed rankings, the latter being a team with an equivalent number of masculine and feminine canoeists ( "other regulations may be applicable to nine mixed teams competing in a canoe exchange race").
Superior Paragliding Diver Divisons with a min. of 35 or 40 years and an open Paragliding Divison that allows canoeists of all years. Beginner departments for canoeists with less than a certain number of years of racing experiences (usually one or two) can also be in a certain group.
A certain kind of boom kayak, usually a more traditionally designed for the area, can get its own race rank. The United States has several outerrigger race-organisations. The East Coast Australian Coast Australian Coast Australian Coast Australian Association (ECORA), the Hawaiian Australian Coastal Association (HCRA), Northern California Australian Coastal Association (NCOCA), Southern California Australian Coastal Association (SCORA), Southern California Australian Coastal Association (SCORA) et einige mehr.
"New Year' sri Lanka-I : The solo "New Year' sri Lanka-I : The solo outsiderigger "New Year' sri Lanka-I : The solo "New Year' sri Lanka-I : The solo outsiderigger #2. "*saRman outsiderigger float." "#saRman outsiderigger float." "Piajo Jib Boom." "Kayakyo outerrigger boom." SCORA - Catalina Crossing - US Outdoor Championships. hcatalinacrossing.org. Buildings outerrigger sailing canoes: A" three-board sailing canoe". EISCA Collection ~ Canoes:
Orid Outriggers - Enjoy photographic trips in handcrafted outerrigger canoes along the California mainland. "Longest Paddle in Modern History" articles about the canoeing tour to the northwestern Islands of Hawaii. "The Canoes That Carve" articles on surf boom canoes Hawaii. "I' m writing about the jib boom kayak team in Haleiwa, Hawaii.
Vol. 10, No. 3 (June/July 2007) new hope outrigger - Full on-line resources on the sports and story of outdoor-canoing.