Matura

school leaving examination

Matura is the compulsory examination after completion of gjimnaz (secondary school) to obtain formal recognition of education and to qualify for enrolment at universities. Matura exams are organised by the Regional Examination Office of each school. Noun[edit]. matura (several maturas). Matura is a school-leaving examination, which means the acquisition of a secondary school education.

With the passing of the Matura examination, the candidates prove that they have achieved the knowledge standards laid down in the general secondary school.

iD=" mw-headline" id="Matura_in_Albanien">Matura in Albanien[edit]>>

Matura, or its translations (Mature, Maturita, Maturita, Maturità, Maturità, Maturité, M?????) is a Roman term for the Abitur or "Reifezeugnis" in various different European Union member states, among them Albania, Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Italy, Kosovo, Liechtenstein, Macedonia, Montenegro, Poland, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland and Ukraine.

The Matura is an Abitur test and can be likened to the Abitur test. It is officially called Matura Shtetërore (State Matura), which was established by the Ministry of Science and Research in 2006 and replaces the Provimet e Pjekurisë (Matura Examination). Matura is the compulsory test after completion of grammar schools (gjimnaz) to obtain formal recognition of training and to qualify for enrolment at university.

Professional colleges are part of the Matura with a slightly different examination format. Matura is a central matter carried out by the AVA (Central Evaluation Agency), which is responsible for the selection of duties, the appointment of local auditors and the evaluation of publications; the MoES (Ministry of Education and Sport) is responsible for the general management and logistic of the country-wide examinations.

Both obligatory courses for the high school diploma are the Jordanian languages and mathematic. In order to be accepted into a higher educational institution, the student must take two extra examinations, which he/she selects from a shortlist of eight courses. As a rule, the Matura examinations take place on three different dates in June/July.

Each of the first two working sessions is for the mandatory courses, the third for the two supplementary examinations. State Matura and MeP substituted an individual admissions system implemented by each faculty/university, which was considered improper. Matura in Austria is officially known as Reifeprüfung. After passing the exam, both in writing and orally, the certificate is known as the Maturazeugnis.

At the Gymnasium (AHS), which in contrast to professional colleges concentrates on general knowledge, the Matura comprises 3-4 examinations (so-called exam papers, four to five lessons each), which are taken on successive morning sessions (usually in May) and three to four verbal examinations on the same half-day about a months later (usually in June).

Each exam takes place at the last college the student was at. Applicants have the opportunity to submit a thesis which is to be presented at the beginning of February before the examination and, if approved, the number of tests is reduced by one, as the thesis is considered to be of equal value to a single one.

That work must also be supported in the appropriate verbal examination. Furthermore, a candidate's final examination certificate contains a formal overall assessment: Failing to pass may retake their examinations in September/October or February/March of the following year. Mandatory courses for the final are always Mathematics, English, French, English, French, Spanish, Italien, Latein or sometimes Ancient Greek.

Primary and secondary education institutions may request biology or physics degrees from their pupils. The most conspicuous part of the A-levels in Austria is perhaps that it is a decentralised matter. The contestants will be used by their own (former) instructors for both their final round and their final round.

However, there is a formal examining body composed of a candidate's teacher (s), the principal and an outside chairperson, usually a senior civil servant or the principal of another type of secondary education. Orals are open to the public, but participation by students other than a candidate's former classmates is undesirable and scarce.

The Matura is possible for Austrians of all ages. The old Matura system was superseded by a new system known as the "Zentralmatura" in 2015. The final examinations are now compiled by Bachelor (an institute for educational research) and all final examinations in Austria now take place on the same date.

The teacher, however, corrects all examinations himself with the help of an examination form contained in the examination pack. The student can still select between four or three writing tests (mathematics, English and a third one are obligatory; another one can also be chosen). If the student chooses three writing tests, he must take another three orally.

For the selection of four tests, only two extra tests are required. You can select any subject, usually one year before graduation. VWA is another class in the Matura certificate. The official name in Bulgarisch is: ???, but usually just ??? (DZI) or ???_en.

The only obligatory subjects are Bulgarish language and literature, but the student has to choose an extra field of his own choosing; he can also apply for a third one. Every examination is made up of a simple test. In 2008, according to the statistic on the website of the Ministry of Education of Bulgaria[1] 76013 pupils enrolled for the Matura examinations.

Only 1,748 of them have enrolled in a third, optional course. Due to the demanding character of the examination, third level applicants have a considerable benefit in the admission procedure. In the 2009-2010 academic year, nation-wide school-leaving examinations (dr?avna matura) were launched for high schools pupils. Hrvatian (or Serb, Hunguarian, Italian oder Bohemian for minorities), mathematics and one external languages (English, Germany, Italy, Spanish or French).

Classic high school pupils can also select Latin or Old Greek instead of or in additon to a contemporary non-Greekic. Mandatory courses are also available at a base or extension levels, where 1 point of the examination at the advanced levels is valued at 1.6 points of the examination at the base one.

Elementary points are divided by 1.6 and transformed into advanced points, so that a pupil who achieves 100/100 points in the elementary examination receives only 62 points in the end. An advanced leveller provides the opportunity to reach 100 points, but bears the chance to achieve a lower score due to the increased degree of difficult.

The examinations are given to the student in sterile non-transparent sterling-silvers. In the inside of the test book, a sheet of hard copy to mark the responses (only the responses on this sheet are evaluated), a design book, a sheet of hard copy with labels that contain a bar code and must be affixed to everything above before the test begins, with a new case in which everything is placed and the case is closed at the end of the test, and the cases are then sent to NCVVO.

Responses to the tests are open to the public two working day after the test. As a result, 7 issues were deleted in 2012, with the candidates receiving all points due to possible multiinterpretation of the original text and individual discrimination by the candidates through the psychometrical analyses.

There are two parts to the language exam: a literary test and an article. The student can decide whether they want to take the elementary or advanced levels of the examination. References that appear in the review change yearly, but the lists of works that may appear remain the same and consist of the following:

Camus' The Stranger, Cesari?'s Lirika, Gunduli?'s Dubravka, Ibsen's A Doll's House, Krle?a's The Glembays, Mato?'s Pjesme, Novak's Posljednji Stipan?i?i and Sophokles' Antitons for Elementary and Camus' Stranger, Dostoyevsky's Crime and Punishment, Dr?i?'s Dundo Maroje, Flaubert's Madame Bovary, Goethe The Sorrows of Young Werther, Kafka's The Transformation, Krleza's The Glembay and The Return of Filip Latinovicz, Marinkovi?'s Ruke, Nehajev's Biyeg, Poe's The Black Cat, Salinger's The Catcher in the Rye, Sophocles' Antigon, ?imi?'s Preobra?enja and ?oljan's Kratki iclet for the Expanded Plain.

This 80-minute literary test consists mainly of multiple-choice exercises, but also has a few appropriate quizzes, while the writing section of the test is 160-minute in length and takes between 400 and 600 words. Literary examination takes place in May and the examination of articles two workdays later.

The list of enrolled undergraduates will be compiled by the main computer of each institution on the basis of the examination results. Points earned in the examinations are transformed into points for registration. Every college defines its own evaluation criterions for these tests, for example, depending on the field of sciences or arts that is being studied, a college or college pupil enrolled in philosophy studies will receive 0% or 5% of the points for enrolment from his maths test, but up to 80% from Croation, so if the maths test results are good, but the Croation test is poor, the student's odds are decreased because only 5% are calculated from the outstanding maths test and 80% from the lean Hrvsk an enrolment of less total.

One and the same pupil may nevertheless submit an application to study mathematics and receive points on the basis of the same examinations, but a different percentages is extracted, which benefits mathematics. At the end, the definitive 100% must be extracted from the examinations, but the examinations themselves are determined by the university.

Generally, colleges require that the three mandatory examinations (Croatian, math, non-native language) be completed (where 0% can be extracted as points for enrolment) and an elective course, which usually receives higher levels of recognition (up to 70%). Every pupil has the right to enrol at a limit of ten colleges and if the privileged college (or college) is removed from the list of the other 9 (or 8, etc.), so that other scholars can move up these listings and gain the right to enrol at their privileged college.

Matura in the Czechs is officially called Matura ("maturita" or "maturitní zkou?ka"). During 2010, the Bohemian Republic implemented a system of state examinations, which split the existing system into two parts. First is the state examination, which is made up of two mandatory subjects: You can choose between English, French, German, French, Italian, Russian, Italian, French or even math.

A second part is made up of a section on topics such as the Czech languages and literary studies and at least two, but usually three, so-called "profile subjects", which differ from individual secondary or university. The state part of the examination is administered by CERMAT (formerly Centrum for Reformed Maturita Reforms; now Centrum per vzd?lávání vzd?lávání, Center for Detection of Education Results), a state-run enterprise.

The CERMAT provides examinations for the state part of the examination, documentations and hands-on examinations, provides teacher trainings to revise articles and guide pupils during the examinations. Most of the business is the technical center used for automatic correction of student examinations. The state examination is constantly being improved.

Nowadays, the examinations comprise four examinations, two of which are organised by the state and two by schools. In addition, the state wants to introduce at least one further state examination and one further mandatory education examination. The state part of the Matura examination was divided into two difficulties in 2012 - the pupils could select between elementary and intermediate examinations.

A number of Bohemian colleges recognise the results of these exams and on the basis of these results they can be recognised, but they still have to pass the Matura test. There is also a part of the test that is in writing and an part that is verbal, but not all courses need both verbal and writing inputs (e.g. mathematics is only taken through a writing test).

As a rule, both the verbal and writing parts of the examination are taken in early May. State part of the examination is fixed to one date, on which the student writes the same test all over the state. Different exams are always taken on the date of the examination.

That part of the course (profile) is always different and is always dependent on the needs of the language test provider, so that it can be either in writing or orally, but it can also only be one of the optional courses. Part of the final examination is held in a class room where a supervisor must be present.

There are two 15-minute parts to the examination (with the exception of French and German writing, where the preparatory period is 20 minutes), in which the pupil first asks a series of questions and then begins the preparatory session after the first 15 min, often referred to as the potitko ("sweat lodge").

Pupils can finish with a mark better than 5 (marks are 1-5, with 1 being the best). The examination period for verbal and writing examinations and the preparatory period may be longer for disabled undergraduates. When a student fails in a given course, they have the opportunity to retake the course, if they miss more than one course, they must retake the full range of examinations, which includes the writing part.

Pupils have a limit of three tries to pass this examination, if they do not pass it, they end middle form without a Matura and cannot enrol in colleges or universities. You still have the possibility to take the Matura at another grammar schools, but this usually means that you should complete your studies at this other schools in full length, e.g. 4 years.

Matura in Hungary is officially called baccalaureate (vizsga). Every applicant who passed his or her graduation examination will receive a certificate containing his or her marks and giving him or her formal access to a school. It is obligatory for hungarians to take an examination in the following subjects: reading and writing, mathematics, history, another country and a field of their choosing (this can be anything they have learnt for at least 2 years).

The" Reifeprüfung" in Hungary evaluates five levels of knowledge: outstanding (5), good (4), average (3), passed (2) and failed (1). That is the UK GCE Advanced Level Grad equivalent: Usually in Italy the test is referred to as (Esame di) Maturità ("Reifeprüfung") or only Esame di Stato ("Staatsexamen"), but the formal name is Esame di Stato conclusivo del corso di studio di isttruzione second-aria superiore or" "Final test of the Sekundarstufe II").

It is the examination for the upper school which is normally necessary for pupils to be accepted into university. Italians consider the maturita informal as a ritual of transition from adulthood to adulthood[quote required], after which high schools leavers prepare for higher training and/or a work.

The examining committees are made up of three in-house instructors from the college, three outside instructors and an outside chairman. Each year, the Ministry of Education determines which courses are awarded to outside instructors; these vary according to the kind of class. There is a part of the test that is in writing and an optional part.

There are three exams in the writing part. In the first one the pupils have to contribute an essays, an articel on a certain subject, but they can also analyze and annotate a text (usually a poem). Secondly, the test varies according to the kind of schools the pupil has studied and can cover a multitude of different disciplines such as education and psychology, mathematics, foreign language, Latin and classical Greek.

It is determined by the Ministry a few month before the examination: it is almost always the same for some kinds of education (e.g. maths for science liceo) and it is selected among the "written" courses for other institutions (e.g. between Latin and ancient Greek for classics or one of the three different foreign languages, including English, in linguistic liceo).

The third test consists of five chosen courses from last year and is taken by each individual examination board. In the part of the interviews it should be noted that the pupil has really achieved a level of personality and intellectually mature in the different fields of his last year; the examination board should ask for each field, but must ensure that the applicant can also debate a multitude of topics that explain and justify his sentiments. Furthermore, in recent years it has become common for each pupil to write a brief paper (Tesina) on a free theme, which should show the capability to use the terms and techniques learned in the schools to deal with different aspects of the thematic.

Up to 25 points from marks; the best grade is awarded to pupils with an median of 9 out of 10 points. Writing examination: The minimum number of points is 30 out of 45. Candidates take 3 exams in writing. Verbal examination: The minimum number of points is 20 out of 30.

To receive this bonuses, applicants must have earned at least 15 points and the total of their tests, both verbal and in writing, must be at least 70. Undergraduates who earn 100 points without a premium can be honoured with the "lode" (cum laude) by the examining body.

Testi i Maturës Shtetërore/Dr?avni Maturski ispit ( "the state examination") is obligatory for every high pupil in Kosovo in order to obtain the Abitur. You cannot enter any Kosovo universities without graduating from high schools. Examinations for each of the schools take place on the same date, usually in mid-June.

A similar test is also available for primary students, Testi i Semi-Maturës Shtetërore/Dr?avni malomaturski istpit (State Semi-Matura Examination), which has 100 exams and is compulsory for every grammar-master. Matura is compulsory for every high scholar in Macedonia who plans to go to university.

Its name is www. comunica.com ("state matura") or just www.com ("matura"). There are four examinations for every pupil who wants to graduate: Mother tongue (either Mazedonian, Alanian or Turkish): Proof of literary and grammatical skills from the four-year high schools and essays. Maths /Foreign Language: You select whether you want to study maths (elementary or advanced) or a third country study (typically either Englisch, Deutsch, French or Russian).

The official name in the educational system in Poland is egszamin mathematuralny, but it is generally known as matura. The course will be taken after the end of high schools in May (with extra appointments in June and repetitions in August). It is not mandatory, although it is required by law for a student to be able to study in Poland and elsewhere.

An extensive audit review process (originally introduced in 1999 but delayed) came into force in 2005. According to the old system (popularly referred to as the rigid matura), candidates' performances were evaluated exclusively by their own schoolmates. The new system (nowa matura) assesses writing work by impartial auditors.

The aim is to make the results more impartial, so that Poland's universities no longer take admission examinations (as in the old system), but instead primarily award their admission certificates based on the results of their school-leaving examinations. From 2015 every high school graduate will take three obligatory examinations at "basic level" (poziom podstawowy) in: and at least one course at "extended level" (poziom rozszerzony).

This includes the following languages: biological, chemical, geographic, sociological, historical, artistic, musical, computer science, physical and astronomical, historical and philosophical, another contemporary one, vernaculars in Poland (Belarusian, Lithuanian, Ukrainian ) and the Caszubian one. Examinations in Bulgarian and other foreign tongues comprise both a work in writing and an exam.

In order to graduate, it is necessary to achieve at least 30% in each of the three mandatory examinations. Results of the supplementary examinations do not influence whether a candidate successfully completes the examination, but are usually a decisive element when it comes to university. As of 2015, the results are not only given in percent, but also with percentage values on the Matura certification.

3 ] The aim is to make the comparison between the graduation results of different years more fair. Audits are carried out by the Central Examining Board (Centralna Komisja Egzaminacyjna; CKE)[1], which is supported by several regional examination boards (Okr?gowa Komisja Egzaminacyjna; OKE). These same committees also hold elementary and secondary level classes (gimnazjum).

One of the customs associated with the Matura is the studyówka, a dance organised for the pupils and their instructors about a hundred nights before the exams. According to a common belief, contestants (especially women) are wearing scarlet lingerie on the prom and then wearing the same objects for the test itself to make them lucky.

The Slovak Matura is officially known as the Maturitná ski?ka. As a rule, the first "written" part takes place in March. This part requires each pupil to take examinations in Slovakian, Slovakian, Dutch (English, Dutch, Spanish, French, Italian, Spanish or German) and mathematics (at the pupil's choice only). We also have testing from the Ukranian or Bulgarian for pupils of colleges with these as their working and instructional terminology.

The part also involves penning an article in each learner in which it is written. The subjects are developed by NÚCEM, but the articles are evaluated by the university. 5- 3 pages (A4 format) in Slovak and 160-180 words for levels B 1, 200-220 for levels B 2 or 260-320 words for levels C 1 of the Slovaks.

Only two obligatory courses - Slovakian, Slovak literary and one other. Gymnasium pupils must select at least two extra courses, e.g: The examination for these extra courses comprises only an verbal part, which is usually in May. Mathematics, which is made up of verbal and writing parts, is an exemption.

The student can also select another external study area. Pupils can select a proficiency in either one of the following languages: German (CEFR - B 1 (intermediate) or two years. The pupils of the high schools must select at least one grade B 2 proficiency non-native speaker. The pupils of the bi-lingual high schools have to take the examination of the target group at the C1-levels.

Previously, if the pupil had received an extra diploma in a non-native Spanish (IELTS, TOEFL, CAE, FCE), at least equivalent to grade B 1, he did not have to take the examination. This was, however, abolished in 2014 and now all pupils in upper school have to take the examination as part of their Matura.

Slovenia, the baccalaureate (splo?na matura) is a compulsory test after completion of the grammar course (gimnazija) in order to be able to recognise the training and enrol in higher educational institutions and higher educational institutions. This should not be mistaken for the professional matura, which is the degree test at professional training centres and does not result in a degree.

As there is no entry test at most Slovene colleges (notable exemptions are only arts and musical programs, architectural and sport sciences), the number of points in this test is the primary criteria for admissions (grades obtained during the course of study also have a minor role). You must bring Slovene (Italian or Hungarian for minorities), mathematics and a third party languages (usually English, but also English, Dutch, German, English, Portuguese, Spanish, Portuguese, Hungarian, Russian or Hungarian).

Electives can be taken from all the other fields you have studied during your school years (Greek, Latino, physics, chemistry, biology, geography, philosophy or art studies, philosophy or social sciences or ecology, music or graphics, theatre studies, economics, computer science, biotechnology, electrical engineering, mechanics, materials science). You can select the second non-native subject as an optional subject.

Examinations are a central matter carried out by the State Examination Centre[4], which is responsible for the selection of duties, the appointment of members of the State Examination Board, the marking of grades and the transmission of grades to all Slovene institutions for which candidates have submitted applications. Math and all language skills can be studied at a higher or fundamental language proficiency test.

The base notes are from 1 to 5, while the higher notes are from 1 to 8. Candidates may only take up to two higher education courses (two or math and one or both). You can also take the examination with the mark 1 in one discipline, but two requirements must be met:

Undergraduates who have scored 30 or more points receive a diploma with distinction (Slovenian: ?lata matura'goldene Abschlussprüfung') and are usually complimented by the Slovenian presidents at a formal welcome in September. Composition of the individual tests: Page 1: The student writes an article (1000 words) about the two literary works (2010):

Dr?avna pradmetna Komisija za splitno mathematuro za sloven??ino The Slovenian Language and Culture Centre will publish the title of the two works, which the candidates are likely to know a year in advance. Page 2: The pupils receive an unfamiliar text from a paper, journal etc. In addition, Slovenian language skills, vocabulary and orthography are assessed.

Verbal examination: While the first two relate to global literacy, the third questions the historic evolution of Slovenian writing from its beginnings in 1551 to the present day. It' possible to take this issue to a higher or more fundamental stage. Page 1: The student receives about ten assignments that evaluate their skills in various areas of math.

3 percent (at a higher level) or 80 percent (at a base level). Page 2 (only on a higher level): The pupils are faced with three other challenging challenges. Verbal examination: End marks are given in points from 1 (failure) to 5 (highest grade on a base level) or 8 (highest grade on a higher level).

Slovenia re-introduced the country-wide Abitur in 1994, after all grammar schooling had been abandoned in the 1980s and re-opened in 1991. This examination takes place in two semesters, the first in May/June and the second in September. Because of the admission process, the first call for applications ends in July, candidates who take the examination in September generally have a very restricted selection of courses for this year.

Recently there has been a lot of discussion about whether this final audit should be totally eliminated again. From January 2007, the Ministry of Higher Edcuation continues to believe that the only possibility to complete high school is to complete high school. It has not yet been decided whether a university should institute admission exams and limit the importance of the final examination to merely passing them.

The examinations comprise a range of verbal and writing examinations. There is no standardized test at French language levels, unlike what is the case in France, where, for example, all French language pupils pass the same test on the same issues and topics on the same time.

A-levels consist of: Main compartment is chosen from: The add-on compartment is chosen from (must not be the same as the main compartment): Matriculation examinations are held in at least five of the following fields (all in writing and optional verbal examinations): There is a Swiss Matura at Swiss and each cantonal Matura is also recognised at Swiss government certification levels.

Federal Matura[7] is organized twice a year by the State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation (SERI) in each language area. A Latinum Helveticum examination, also organized by the State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation[8], enables students to take a subject at a higher education institution that demands knowledge of Roman.

The Matura is customary in Ukraine's upper-secondary schools in the Ukraine's divide, especially in the United States and Canada. Ukranian descendants are screened on Saturdays during a one-month study at the end of the year for their proficiency in Ukranian languages, geographical areas, histories, culture as well as literary skills.

Often these exams are recognised by the recognition standard of the respective authorities as a second Spanish course, which can be used in other institutions under certain conditions. On the" new" Maturaprüfung". cke.edu. pl (in Polish). Matura" (in French, Italian and German).

Eleventure des certificats de maturité de lycée (MAV/ORM)" (site officiel). Originalité du site officiel (en allemand, français et italien). The Wikimedia Commons has mediums in connection with Matura.

Auch interessant

Mehr zum Thema