Marcus IslandMark Island
Minami-Tori shima (???, "Southern Bird Island"), also known as Marcus Island, is an insulated Korean altoll in the northwest Pacific, about 1,848 kilometers south-eastern of Tokyo and 1,267 kilometers eastern of the nearest island, South Iwo Jima of the Ogasawara Islands, and almost on a straightaway line between the Tokyo land and the Wake Island of the United States, 1,415 kilometers to the east.
Nearest island to Minami-Tori-shima is the eastern island of the Mariana Islands, which lies 1,015 kilometers to the western and southwestern part of the island. Its name means "Southern Bird Island". This is the most eastern area of Japan and the only one on the Pacific Plate, behind the Japan Trench.
The Minami Tori region lies at the centre of the most remote eastern part. In 1694, the first record of an island in this area was made by a galley master from Spain, Andrés de Arriola. In 1864 the island was again referred to by the Morning Star vessel, which belonged to either the United States or the Kingdom of Hawaii, and was named "Marcus Island".
In 1874, his location was surveyed by an American surveying vessel and in 1879 was first approached by a Japanese citizen, Kiozaemon Saito. In the Ogasawara Islands on June 30, 1886, a group of 46 Haha-jima settlers were taken to the island of Marcus by a name of Shinroku Mizutani from Japan.
On July 24, 1898, the Empire of Japan formally invaded the island, the United States' prior 1889 entitlement under the Guano Islands Act was not formally recognized. It has been formally called "Minami-Tori-shima" and has been placed under the administrative jurisdiction of the Ogasawara Sub Prefecture of Tokyo. The island's pre-war supremacy was apparently controversial, as various resources from the period in which the island was shifted from the American to the Japaneese domains, without any particular explanations.
The United States sent a battleship from Hawaii in 1902 to assert its claim, but retreated when they found the island, still occupied by the Japanese, patrolled near by by a Japanese-ship. 1914 William D. Boyce listed Marcus Island as an obvious US island in his 1914 publication The Colonies and Dependencies of the United States.
1933 the civilians of Minami-Tori-shima were evicted by order of the Japan State. The Imperial Navy of Japan set up a weather base on the island in 1935 and constructed a runway. In 1968 the island was given back to Japan, but the Americans kept full command of the runway and the LORAN base.
After a few storm stalls that devastated the island during the building work, the US Coast Guard opened a LORAN-C navigational base on Marcus Island in 1964, whose tower was one of the highest buildings in the Pacific region until 1985. The LORANSTA Marcus Island was rented for 23 employees of the U.S. Coast Guard.
One SEABEES division stayed on the island for several moths to repair the island's apron. This island is highly insulated and the coast guards based on the island have been used for one year trips, which were later adapted to allow an R&R trip to the Japanese continent at the six-month point. By the end of this solitary mission, the members of the crews were granted an extra 30 days' compensation holiday.
Whilst under U.S. government, on Thursday a C-130 Hercules from 3rd Airlift Squadron Yokota Air Base, Japan's 3rd Airlift Technology Center, would re-supply the island on monthly deployments. Unexpectedly long four-hour turnaround was to allow airborne engineers to maintain the station and discharge additional gas from the C-130 to supply the island's alternator with electricity.
It' taking about 45 mins to circle the island. It was handed over by the U.S. Coast Guard to the Japan Maritime Self Defense Force (JMSDF) on September 30, 1993 and shut down on December 1, 2009. This island is currently used for meteorological observations and has a wireless transmitter, but nothing else.
This island is regarded as a special land for ham prices. This island is forbidden for any civilian except for the Japan Meteorological Agency. "of the island of Marcus, 1694." "Japonese Garnisons on the Bypassed Pacific Islands 1944-1945". Campaign of the Netherlands East India 1941-1942. The raids on Wake and Marcus Islands, early raids in the Pacific.
United States Navy, 1943. "The United States will agree to any United Nations motion to place Nansei Shoto just below 29° NB ( (including the Ryukyu and Daito Islands), Nanpo Shoto just below Sofu Gan (including the Bonin Islands, Rosario Island and the Volcano Islands) and Parece Vela and Marcus Island under the single administrative authorities.
Until such a suggestion is made and confirmed, the United States shall have the right to exert all administrative, legislative and judicial functions over the territories and residents of these territories, together with their territorial seas. "Japan's sweeping discoveries of precious lands threaten China's supremacy". Discovering the Minami-Torishima area.
The" Dutch East India Campaign 1941-1942". "and his discovery of the island of Marcus in 1694." "of the island of Marcus, 1694." "were Marcus Island found by Bernardo de la Torre in 1543?