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Birth 1480-1521 in Portugal and death 1521 in Cebu, Philippines, Ferdinand Magellan was a portugese sailor and navigation instructor who worked most of his live for Castile, the Spain fortress. Between 1520-1521 Magellan ordered an empire of five vessels whose task it was to find a way around the Americas to the Spice Islands.
On the tip of South America, he spotted the straits that now bear his name, but after he reached Asia, he was murdered in the Philippines. Just one of the two surviving vessels with eighteen members of the mission came back to Spain and completed the first orbit. He began his seafaring career in his home Portugal at the tender of 25 when he was sent to India to become the vice-king of the territory of Portugal, Francisco de Almeida.
One year later, in 1506, he sails to the Moluccas, now known as Indonesia, where he buys a slaves called Enrique or Enriquillo, who accompanies Magellan on all journeys to come. Magellan was hurt in the fight in North Africa in 1513 and has been suffering with a hobble ever since.
He was disgraced by the court in Portugal and charged with dealing with the Moors. Magellan knew that Spain was looking for a way to the Spice Islands without having to cross the Portugese part of the globe defined by the Treaty of Tordesillas, Magellan presented an exploration map for Charles V of Spain.
From Sanlúcar de Barrameda in Spain on September 20, 1519, the mission started with five ships: the flag ship Trinidad together with the Victoria, Santiago, San Antonio and Concepcion. Some 270 men of various nations were on the boat, among them Antonio de Pigafetta, an ltalian aristocrat who wanted to witness and document the voyage.
Pigafetta's chronicles are therefore the first known depiction of the contacts between the old Chamorros and the Europeans. It is the most exhaustive report found today, both in general information about the journey and in reference to its descriptions of the "Thieves' Islands" or Islas de Los Ladrones, which Magellan has called the Islands after a misconception of ownership laws.
Originally called the "Island of the late sails" or Islas de las Velas Latinas, the discoverers were surprised by the speed, manoeuvrability and easy manoeuvrability of the Chamorros as they approach the isles. Besides Pigafetta's stories, there are seven other excerpts of the eleven men (by various writers of the expedition) who supposedly once exist, describing or mentioning the happenings of the journey and the arrivals in the Mariana Islands.
Pigafetta says that on 6 March 1521 the travelers saw three Marianas Island (or on 17 March, according to Ginés de Mafra, another of the same expedition's chroniclers). The Mafra mentioned that the first episode took place between Chamorros and the Europeans when an Trinidad army commander beat one of the island''for a little thing'', who then beat him back.
At one stroke of his machete, the officers came back, with the islander jumping into the sea, quickly returning to their pros and starting to cast javelins on the boat and injuring some of the Europeans. A further group of Chamorros came from the bank and went to the vessels and began to act, while the first group kept casting javelins.
When the deal was closed, the second group of Chamorros followed to the Europeans' astonishment. As the number of kayaks increased, Magellan ordered his team to stop the battle, and as a result peaceful conditions were restored and business restarted. The next morning, Magellan arranges a penalty for this apparent robbery by leaving the ship and burning several coastal villages.
7 Chamorros were murdered in the assault. He was part of the Pigafetta landings group, and so in his chronicles he described for the first case some of the traditions of the old Chamorros and the exceptional skill they had over their pros. Identifying the precise location of Magellan's landings in the Mariana Islands is still the subject of great scientific comment.
There were three islets seen from the boats, two near each other and the third, a larger one, to the south. Though in Guam a custom calls the Umatac Gulf a place to land, the logics of the itinerary taken by the exploration, together with the conflicting evidence of the preserved reports, suggest that the place was somewhere in the northern part of Umatac or even in the northern part of Guam itself, possibly on the Isle of Saipan.
Obviously, the verbal narrative about Umatac as a place to land may refer to the Legazpi mission that landed there in 1565 like many others over the years. In the Ladrones or Islands of Thieves, as they were called by Magellan, the navy moved west for two consecutive nights.
Shortly after his stay in the Mariana Islands, Magellan died fighting on Mactan in Cebu after taking sides in a sectarian war. Fernando de Magellan marks a turning point in the story of Guam in many ways. This journey ushered in the beginning of a string of successive international seafaring missions to the Mariana Islands over the next 150 years.
Europeans saw the inclusion of information about the presence of an inhabitated island with supplies for vessels and crew as a landmark in the Pacific Ocean map, the vastness of which was virtually new. The" Islands of Thieves" were the first geographic references to new countries in the Pacific in the sixteenth and eighteenthcenturies.
Elcano, Juan Sebastián de, Antonio Pigafetta, Maximiliano Transilvano, Francisco Albo, Ginés de Mafra et al. La Primera Vuelta al Mundo. It' a story from Guam. Pigafetta, Antonio.