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Map of Australia - Facts, Geography, Map of Australia
The name Australia, which derives from the Roman Australian which means "southern", has 23,480,939 residents and became independent in 1901. Australia's first residents came from the far south-east of Asia and from the Torres Strait islets. Since their first settlement in the northern hemisphere some 70,000 years ago, their unique life styles and culture have finally expanded across this huge new territory.
Europe's first exposition to Australia took place in 1606, when the discoverer Willem Janszoon from the Netherlands was spotted and then ended up on the Cape York Peninsula. Nevertheless, explorers and merchants looking for wealth in the south of the country went on through the north coast, which bordered a country the Netherlands called New Holland.
On one of his three round-the-world trips in 1688, William Dampier was the first Briton to make landings in Shark Bay. By the middle of the eighteenth centuary Britain had an overcrowding jail populace and needed a new punishment comunity. 1770 the famous English discoverer James Cook came to Australia and found the east coast to a coveted place.
Afterwards he called this country New South Wales and demanded it for Great Britain. After eighteen years (one of the largest cruises in the world) an exhausting voyage of 252 days and 15,000 miles took eleven vessels with about 1400 persons (mostly convicts) from England to Australia. It was there that the New South Wales Crown Conservancy was founded under the leadership of Captain Arthur Phillip, the first governor of the Congregation.
Australia is a celebration of Australia State and Territory celebrations. Over the next 80 years, more than 150,000 more men and woman (convicted criminals) were sent to Australia - in a somewhat provoking step - who often travelled under challenging and regrettable circumstances during their long voyages.
Until the Australian gold rush of the 1850s attracted tens of thousands of ( "free") migrants to Australia in pursuit of wealth, the settlers were ruled by prisoners and their heirs. The Aboriginal people and the Torres Strait Islanders suffered in this country of unbelievable opportunities (for some).
Its populations declined drastically in the nineteenth century as import disease caused the deaths of tens of thousand and the disturbance of their tradition of evictions and striking colonisation. In the nineteenth centuary, parts of New South Wales, which easily occupy the east half of the countryside, developed into distinct and somewhat autonomous settlements, including Queensland, Tasmania, South Australia and Victoria.
With the Commonwealth of Australia founded as the reign of the British Empire, a new country was founded. West Australia, ruled by the British themselves in 1889, was the most hesitant to join in this new Commonwealth of Australia, but still there. The Australian Capitol Territory was immediately established from a part of New South Wales to create a New Canberra.
In the same year, the Northern Territory became part of the Commonwealth, and at that year Australia had almost 4 million inhabitants, including some 95,000 people. Who are the Australian speakers?