Map of AmericaUnited States Map
Maps of America
The Americas is a four-part continent: and the Caribbean (Latin America does not exist). Brazil's first capitol, established by the Portuguese in the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries, was one of America's largest and most important towns.
At first glance it was beloved by Darwin when the young scholar went to South America in 1832. Elevador Lacerda (on the right in the foreground), constructed in the nineteenth centuary, was the first lift in the whole wide urban area.
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70-charts explaining America
United States of America are many things... However, America is a multifaceted country with a long and intriguing story that could never be recorded in a picture. Here is a view of America's past and present, in 70 cards. Its immense scale and environmental variety, the third biggest in the world, has been at the heart of its settlement and development for thousands of years.
The map shows how North America's terrain, climates and fauna have created the various eco-regions, from the woody plateaus of the northeast to the vast semi-arid lowlands in the centre of the continents and the high plateaus of the southwest. Much of America's story has revolved around motion - hundreds of years of migrations and settlements and ultimately conurbation - and geographical and ecological factors have strongly affected development.
People are relatively new in America: the remainder of the globe was populated for ten thousand years, perhaps longer than the first immigrants from Asia came to the New Age. Recent research shows, however, that there may have been a second way: fantastic Polynesians who travelled across the South Pacific in a canoe and brought along equipment, hens and certain herbs.
North America's story before Europe's contacts is aptly documented; if there was an old American who travelled across the country and observed what was happening in different communities, his work was destroyed during the war. For example, this map shows the fundamental economy before Columbus America.
Farming villages in Purpur were rather inhabited and more populous, because farming needs a solid infra-structure, but can also supply more population. Before Columbus, North America had no national states as we know them today (with some possible exception, such as the Aztec Empire), but there were one kind of nations: races that had similar cultures, especially languages.
It' s not possible to say what North America would look like today if Columbus had never been there, but this map of Indian tribes, cultures and languages is a thought-provoking approach. If Europeans had not colonised North America, this map with its unusual forms indicates what today's Indian sovereignty is like.
The areas the Spaniards were exploring were under the control of the Spaniards, while the voyages of discovery by France through the Saint Lawrence River, Lake Ontario and the Mississippi River led to Quebec and the Mississippi Delta becoming France's colonies. The map shows the source languages for every US or Mexico state, every Canada provinces and every Central and Latin America national.
Most of them are made up of different monarchies (the Carolinas are called in honour of Charles I, Virginia for Elizabeth I, etc.), towns and areas (York, Hampshire, Jersey) or other characters (William Penn). However, the majority of states have native speakers of one or the other Native tongue.
Bill Carter of Radical Cartography explains: "Places like'Mississippi' (Algonquin for'big river') and'Wyoming' (Lenape for a grass field) have been driven by Europeans for millennia. From Europe, Africa and Asia, they transported crops such as paddyfruit, grain and lemon fruits, as well as domestic pets such as horse.
They returned US plants: potato, maize, tomato, tobaccos and so on. Jamestown in 1607 and the Mayflower' s arrival in 1620 were only the first stages in the colonisation of North America. This map shows that as many as those who came to Bermuda and various Carribean isles later.
170 years after Columbus' advent, Europeans had built on very few durable estates in Northern America. The animation map shows the changes in the postcolonial and postcolonial boundaries of Northern America from 1750 to the present day. Instead of moving on to the northeast to join forces with Britain's forces that came from Quebec to the southward - the plan was to close off, then share and capture New England - Howe struck the southern city of Philadelphia, the insurgent city.
That persuaded France, which had silently financed the Americans to undermine the British, that the settlers could actually do it. In 1778 France declaring the British and in 1779 Spain did the same; the US side was only one front in a blanket battle in which the British had no coalition and several powerful antagonists.
However, the regional effects were much more serious in North America. Under the Treaty of Paris of 1763, which ended the conflict, France not only loses New France to Great Britain - which includes all the USA to come between the Mississippi and the 13 settlements and all of France's Canada - but also leaves the area of Louisiana to Spain.
The map looks at the invasion of North America from a different perspective: that of the displaced from their lands. This begins with the representation of the indigenous country of America in 1794, separated from the tree trunk and highlighted in blue. This was followed by a catastrophic decade for the Indians as their lands were gradually taken over.
Five million Africans were sent on slaves' journeys to America, Europe or elsewhere in Africa; because of the appallingly high death rate only 10. Most of the countries were in the Caribbean or Brazil; only about 388,747 ended up on the North American continent. However, the United States' slaves populations increased, unlike in the Caribbean and Latin America.
"During the pre-war era, US servants showed a normal increase in populations of about 25 per cent per decade," says Michael Tadman of the University of Liverpool. "Conversely, Carribean and Brazil slave laborers typically experienced a 20 per cent decline per decennium. When America was expanding westwards, both pro-slavery and anti-slavery groups tried to take up new areas as their own.
Countries outside the initial settlements - especially in the deep south (Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama) - were developing important slavery economies. Prevailing centres of slavery, especially South Carolina, saw the practise growing. James McPherson of Princeton states in Battle Cry of Freedom that slave was 47 per cent of the populations in the first states to split off (South Carolina, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida and Texas), where 37 per cent of whites possessed the family.
Conversely, only 24 per cent of the populations in the high south ( "Virginia, Tennessee, North Carolina, Virginia, Missouri") and only 20 per cent of the whites in these states were slave. At first, the states of the South refused to separate, although all but Missouri finally entered the Confederation after the Battle of Fort Sumter.
New Republican Party members against the use of slave labor, such as Abraham Lincoln, cautioned that the court could next enforce the use of slave labor in the North, unless the practices were completely ended. The Constitutional Union Party's John Bell, who stood up for the statute and against the Second World War, was also a big candidate.
South Carolina became the first state in the South to split off in response to Abraham Lincoln's defeat on December 20, 1860. There was clear that Lincoln's anti-slavery beliefs, and those of many in the Nordic countries, were the main motivating force for the breakup. It states in the declarations of secession: "A geographic border has been established throughout the Union and all states along this line have joined together in the choice of a man as President of the USA whose opinion and aims are opposed tolavery.
" Lincoln's opening on March 4 was preceded by Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia and Texas. Whereas the "Upper South" had refused to allow it to be secessionist at first, North Carolina, Arkansas, Tennessee and Virginia moved to Fort Sumter on April 12 after the Confederates attacked. Between the beginning of the 1861 and July 1863 Wars were dominated by the triumphs of the Confederates of the South, who stopped the Union's invasion, which was to end the conflict with the conquest of Richmond.
Confederated General Robert E. Lee even marched into the far north threatening Mid-Atlantic towns with the goal of invigorating the antiwar Nordic movements so that they could depose Lincoln in the 1864 elections and end the fighting. Lee's attack in the north was overthrown in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, and Union forces conquered an important Confederated fortress in Vicksburg, Mississippi.
By no means healthy enough to fight an armies, he would retire later this year and head George McClellan and then Ulysses S. Grant for the wartime. Mocked by his adversaries as an "Anaconda plan", Scott's plot was to block the confederation along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts and then launch a strategy along the Mississippi to the south.
Certainly enough, the Northern stalemate became more efficient over the years and put considerable pressures on the South, and Grant's win in the Vicksburg battle ensured the Mississippi for the Union and represented an important turning point in the conflict. When, for example, US operatives travelled to Paris to broker the purchase of Napoleon Bonaparte in Louisiana, they searched only for New Orleans, then one of North America's biggest and wealthiest towns, but the cash-supplied Bonaparte was selling half a billion acre to finance his growing European Warfare.
In 1830, the greatest act of the United States government's ethnical purge began when Andrew Jackson ratified the Indian Moval Act, which gave him the authority to bargain for the distance of the Indian people in the south to end up westward of the Mississippi. In 1829, the majority of settlers were in Mexico.
In 1835 a small rebellion of these US colonists finally resulted in a fully-fledged fight for freedom. It also had drafts on Mexican soil in California, where some US colonists already lived. It is both a map and a diagram, each showing a decisive fact about the evolution of the U.S. immigration people.
This map shows that the Upper Midwest, the Rocky Mountains and northeast towns were important immigration targets, while migrants generally avoided the South, which was lacking the opportunity for manufacturing jobs that the remainder of the state had. Since then, according to a 2009 survey by Harvard economics expert Richard Hornbeck, only 14-28 per cent of the agricultural land degradation caused by the Dust Bowl has been undone.
Dust Bowl took place between two other transformational migrations: the first and second Great Migration, with tens of thousands of African Americans moving from the South to northern, Midwestern and West Coast towns, driven both by the cruelty of Jim Crow and the South' share cropping industry, and by the business opportunity provided by towns such as New York, Chicago, Philadelphia, Detroit and Los Angeles.
"Isabel Wilkerson in The Warmth of Other Suns, her masterly story of migration, writes: "It would change urbane America and reshape the societal and civic order of every town that it affected-. "This would compel the South to raid its souls and eventually put aside a system of posh casts.
Blue is from the Mississippi Delta, but was mainly created by Nordic artists such as Muddy Waters and Howlin' Wolf from Chicago, John Lee Hooker from Detroit and T-Bone Walker from Los Angeles. This map shows that until recently the Republicans were the Union of the North and the Democrats were the Union of the South.
The Republicans were the Union and Reconstruction parties, while Democrats were ardent supporters of enslavement and secession, making the South a pristine basis of force. Of course, Mexico is now America's biggest immigration area. Whereas the dates are 15 years old, the basis for this is that in the Midwest and on the plain the plurality in most provinces claims to be of ethnicity.
This map also illustrates the "Black Belt", the southern area with the highest concentrations of African Americans, as well as large Italian and Irish-American municipalities in the north-east. There is also a tendency in Appalachia and other parts of the South, where peoples call their ancestors just "Americans".
" The map of tribal densities today shows not only the impact of the early disease-related desertification of North America after the occupation of Europe in the 15th to 18th century, but also the long efforts of the U.S. administration in the nineteenth years.
There are a few provinces in the high plains, Arizona and New Mexico with large or mostly indigenous people. However, in most parts of the land - especially in the South, Midwest and North-East - the Indians make up a negligible proportion of the people. It is enticing to look at this map and share the United States between the Baptist South, the Lutheran Plains and the Mormon Utah plus neighbours, all the rest being stunningly Roman Catholics.
It is only in the Baptist districts with dark spots in them that the biggest group of religions is an absolute plurality, and while almost all Utah districts have Mormons as a plurality - and many Kentucky, Texas and Mississippi districts do the same for Baptists - most Roman Catholics do not pride themselves on having them.
It is no great surpise to see the US Latino community concentrating in southwestern and California, as well as in the south of Florida and in large northerly towns such as Chicago and New York. It also shows which large towns do not have large Latino communities, such as Detroit, Pittsburgh, Cleveland and most other towns in the rust belt.
Neighbourhoods where blacks were living were classified as "D" and were generally not eligible for FHAs. "It became known as the" Redlining" policy and would become the standard throughout the residential real estate industry for the next few years, depriving blacks of the opportunity to own houses. That is the path Martin Luther King's Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and the Dallas County Voters League (DCVL) of Selma, Alabama, took to the state capital of Montgomery in favor of the right to vote.
First - the Bloody Sunday walk - ended with police officials brutally hitting the protesters as they traversed the Edmund-Pettus Bridge (which you can see at the top of the map on the top lefthand corner of the Alabama River). This walk ended with a talk by the King about the footsteps of the capital of the state of Alabama.
There is a drastic impact: from 5 per cent in Mississippi to 55 per cent, from 14 per cent to 55 per cent in Alabama, from 29 per cent to 64 per cent in Georgia. There are few laws in US lawmaking that quickly boasts such an effect. In the 1970' the first is now an old story: in the 1970' the whiteness of criminality (and also the implicit whiteness of the population) pushed the caucasians into the outskirts and left the city centre behind as the main ethnic minority and Hispanics.
It came to the attention of the entire country, and within a few short months the celebrity campaigner Tom Hayden demanded "two, three, many Colombians". There had been a fierce discussion within the US over whether America should become an empire to substitute for it. America's brief open imperialist experimentation came into play belatedly and concentrated mainly on one of the last parts of the globe divided by Europe: the Pacific.
US business people took over in a 1893 putsch and asked the US to annihilate them. Soon Japan embarked on the Pacific and conquered many European isles, which culminated in this 1939 map, two years before America became a member of the Second World War. The United States and the Soviet Union were the only two world powerhouses remaining.
South Korea was split in the Second World War when Japan gave up Japan power over the country to USSR and U.S. troops occupying the northerly and southerly half and setting up marionette-governements. By 1950, DPRK Fuehrer Kim Il-sung had marched south and skilfully played against Russia and China to get their backing for a campaign that no one wanted.
Vietcong, an independent guerilla that has been active throughout the South and neighbouring Laos and Cambodia to unite the people. Seven million uniforms, a third of them confiscated, from 1961 to 1975, to combat the Vietcong. It is the ten thousand US casualties, the startling images of the horrors perpetrated by the US, the US failure to deal with illegal rebels and the feeling that the end of the conflict has left not only US policy but also much of US civil life insignificant.
US and USSR fear of a truly international fight became a self-fulfilling prophecy: both started putsches, sponsored rebellion, assisted tyrants, and took part in deputy battles in almost every part of the globe. However, until 1971, the US and the USSR reached a dead end; Nixon's détente policies were to accept the Soviets as something to be administered and not overthrown.
The Soviets entered Afghanistan in 1979; a year later, Ronald Reagan ran for office as the country's current leader, pledging to end the détente and conquer the Soviet Union. Today's Afghanistan war began in the Cold War: the Soviet Union marched in 1979 to protect its marionette regime from insurgents who were later supported by the US, Saudi Arabia and Pakistan to haemorrhage the Soviets.
One group of US neo-conservatives who campaigned for an Iraq war in the 90s believed that the replacement of the gigantic Saddam Hussein with a US-backed democratic system would change the long disturbed Middle East. Most of the invasions by the Americans and the UK were a great victory and overtook Iraq in just one single months. During the glorious years after the break-up of the Soviet Union, America became the only truly unparalleled worldwide super power in humanity.
Braun has the American ( or NATO) "nuclear umbrella", which means that the US has committed itself to protecting them with it. Simultaneously, the gray states - nuclear-armed states in both camps - are completely unaffected by American or Russian orders. A further way to show America's position as the only major power in the world is its army budget: more than the next 12 biggest all-in-one.
Especially China and Russia are modernising and extending their military force at a rapid pace, which implies that US domination of the world and the US-led order are being called into question. America's gun murder toll is well above that of most advanced nations, and as this map of the Martin Prosperity Institute's Zara Matheson shows - using CDC and Guardian figures - many of our towns have toll charges much lower than those of Western Europe in that area.
Unbelievably, the highest rate towns - Baltimore, Detroit and especially New Orleans - have similar ratios to Central America, the murder city. North East corridors - covering the approximately 500-mile route from Boston to DC, along with the remainder of New York, Pennsylvania, Delaware, New Jersey and much of New England and Virginia - account for 50 per cent of the assets of individual states.
Throughout much of the plains - as well as Vermont and Grafton County Centres, New Hampshire and parts of Oklahoma and Texas near the plains - there is not much of an employment issue to talk about, with rates below 3. 9 per cent. However, other bags face over 14 per cent joblessness, a level that the US as a whole has never passed even in the worse case of economic upheaval.
2% from October 2013 to November 2014. Shiprock - which includes Las Vegas, Albuquerque, Santa Fe and Amarillo - has as many inhabitants as the state of Los Angeles. To some, the US fantasy - the pledge that working harder brings a better future - is lively and good; arriving in the US, migrants often find a multiple of their income.
However, for those of us who have been borne in the United States, the outlook is worse. He found that in only a small number of provinces, especially on the plains, there was a good chance that babies who had been borne into the lower 20 per cent of revenue distributions would make it into the upper 20 per cent. The chances in the South and Midwest are dangerously near zero.
Approximately 86% of Americans 25 years of age or older have a high scholastic diploma or comparable qualification. Throughout much of the South, in the West and essentially throughout Puerto Rico, high schools have much lower graduation levels. There are 38 million Californians and 60 million in Italy, which means that it is significantly better per year.
However, there are some exemptions to this rule: Sweden is less densely populated than Ohio, and Finland is less densely populated than Missouri, which means good things for Scandinavia and worse for the Midwest. The Pew Research Center asked the Americans 10 politically motivated issues in 1994, 2004 and 2014, which ranged from homosexuals' liberties, the environment and defence to the business world.
And then they judged how likely group should throughout be libertarian, thoroughly libertarian or somewhere in between (which could average that they are adult or person brawny libertarian look active any property and brawny libertarian on others). You have noted that over the last 20 years the proportion of Americans with ideological consistency has increased.
It is well known that political leaders have polarized ideologies, but Pew shows that they are also normal Americans. Prices in the deep south and the Appalachians are significantly higher than in the remainder of the state. The first year in 1994 for which we had figures for each state, each had an average of between 10 and 19 per cent adiposity.
Up to 2010, each state had a quota of over 20 per cent, and the tendency is continuing. Some of the most prominent are in the Marcellus Shale (hinterland of New York, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Ohio) and the Bakken Formation (North Dakota and Montana), and while these are the biggest springs, there are many more pools throughout the state.
In Williston, North Dakota, a single room offers you an annual monthly rate of $2,394, up from $1,504 in New York City. Demography of America's state-run school system is shifting. For the first year in the United States, the number of non-white college graduates surpassed that of Caucasians. "This map shows a ribbon of less fortunate areas in parts of the Midwest and Appalachia, from Missouri in the West and Alabama in the South to Pennsylvania and even New Jersey in the East," the writers state.
"Also New York City, Detroit and much of California have a lower SWB (subjective well-being) than the luckiest areas in the west, upper midwest and southern countryside. Densely populated areas are much more costly, as expected, and much less so in the plain, Midwest and South.
Proportion of riches going to group in the top 1 per cent, but not in the top 0. 1 per cent did not prosper at all in the last 100 years. Overall growth is accounted for by the top 0. 1 per cent and especially the top 0. 01 per cent.