Lau OriginOrigin of Lau
Genealogy and family history.
Uncovering the complexity of China's name | Post Magazine
"It should be a simple matter, but for many people in China it is often accompanied by self-confident explanation, repetitive correction and ultimately surrender ("Just call me John!"). In Hong Kong, where the Han China overwhelmingly dominate, many non-Chinese find the name" difficult" - although the blame lies not entirely with them.
In fact, the contemporary nomenclature is quite simple: the surname comes before the first name. The name of the Hong Kong CEO, "Leung Chun-ying", for example, is spelled in Chinese "???", with the surname "Leung" (?) before the first name "Chun-ying" (??).
Everything would be fine if all romanized Christian characters followed this style, but that is not the case. Romanized surnames are placed in all possible places. These can be given in the shape of a westerly "surname", because in additon to their name in China, e.g. Peter Wong, the individual has adopted or received a non-Chinese, mostly westerly name; or he can decide for his first name, which usually includes the indication of his last name, e.g. C.Y. Leung.
Even more bewildering is when newlyweds take over their husband's last name in additon to their own surnames, e.g. Carrie Lam Cheng Yuet-ngor, where "Lam" is their husband's last name and "Cheng" is their girl's name. Whereas the last name can stand before, after or somewhere in between in romanized format, in Chinese it always stands before the first name.
For example, the managing director can be either "Leung Chun-ying" or "C. Y. Leung" in articles in German, but in Mandarin always "???", never "???". Like in most patrilinean communities, the name of the person is transmitted from one parent to another. But not a daughter: her kids will take her husband's name.
However, the very first surviving Christian surnames could come from a matriilineal world. Much of these early name of clans, known as the" xing", contain the ideogram for "woman" (?), such as Ji (?), Ying (?), Yao (?), Jiang (?) and so on, which probably stand for a time between 5,000 and 6,000 years when humans knew who their mothers were, but were less sure of their father's identities.
Two ideograms called "born of a woman" make up the term xting (?), and a person's name places them in a family group that forbids marriages between their members. In the Zhou dictatorship (1046-256 B.C.), the emergence of another relationship index, Siva ( "Shi"), was first noted when China's societies had become much more rigidly patchy and socially much more intricate.
In essence, the shift name was a sub-quantity of the icing name, and single persons could have taken one because they wanted greater distinction among themselves. Think, for example, of a royal couple named Ji, who had received several palaces and the land around them from their kin.
Over the years, the offspring of this aristocratic dynasty had adopted the name "Zheng" as their name to distinguish them from other Ji dynasties. Now, a member of this line with the first name, say, Boya, would have been identified: "Boya, with the ji and zheng ", followed by a series of nicknames like stylistic and polite and such.
The offspring of this Boya could have abandoned or even forgot their King name (Ji) for generation after generation and started to use only their Lord of the Rings name (Zheng). Several offspring may also have altered their name to take account of new conditions, such as immigration or the purchase of a celebrity degree by one of them.
Then there were ordinary people without naming themselves, but who took on shift name, who ID'd where they were, what they did for a lifetime and so on. Luckily, when the first Qin monarchy Emperor united China into a centralized kingdom in 221 B.C., his management standardized many facets of daily existence, as well as the name.
Meanwhile, the practically exchangeable name of the surname and the name of Chi were integrated into the uniform name. As a result of the Han Fathers' West and East Han Fynasties (206BC-AD220) that followed the Qin, the nomenclature had become settled, with almost every one of them having a well-established surname, followed by a first name, a type that remained the standard.
Today, more than 4,700 Christian surnames are in use - without variations - and according to a 2007 Ministry of Public Security Population Survey, Wang (?) is the most prevalent on the continent, of which there are 93 million. Two of the most frequent surnames are:
Lee (?), Zhang (?), Liu (?), Chen (?), Yang (?), Huang (?), Zhao (?), Zhou (?) and Wu (?). Although the top 10 last nouns are found in Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau and the remainder of the word, the top 10 last nouns are not changed. Approximately 40 percent of the global response from China to one of these name.
SURNAMES AND the relationship they represent have a particular place in the ego. There are mutuals in many China-based immigration societies whose most important criteria for becoming members are the ownership of a particular surname, regardless of where their home state was. Though this is less the case today, individuals with the same surname are articulating a bond with each other by saying that their forebears were part of the "same family" 500 years ago.
In fact, hundreds of meticulous records have allowed humans to retrace their ancestors many centuries back, and the studies of these genetic and other historic documents by scientists has given us the roots and stories of most of China's surnames. There are several different types of origin, the largest of which is geographic origin.
Surnames in this cathegory emerged when a group of individuals adopted the name of their place of residence as a relationship indicator. Next two are important ancestors: These were either derived from the ancestor' s name, posthuman title or their ranking and command. Surnames also exist which refer to the professions of craftsman and craftsman.
Some sovereigns gave their own regal last name to their subject and non-Han tribes as a favor or rewards. Most of the above mentioned classes include most of the common name of a person from China, but they are by no means comprehensive or mutual. Considering the scarcity of the country's greatness and populations over several thousand years, the same surname could come from different individuals in different places and at different eras, as the following histories show.
They are abstracts of the complexity of the origins of the most commonly used titles, and many of the tales are just that. Standard romanization ofonyms follows the Hanyu-Pinyin system, and the most commonly used Cantonese romanization patterns found in Hong Kong are also listed. Please be aware that Chinese people outside the Greater China area, such as those in Singapore, Malaysia and North America, have their own romanized name.
Origin: The name Wang means "king" and regal associations can be seen very clearly in the history of the name. The eldest of the sons of Ling of the Zhou monarchy (died 545 B.C.), Jin was downgraded to a bourgeois because he was a critic in his father's deliberations. Because of their kingly ancestors the descendents of the former lord were called "the kings family" (wang jia) and "Wang" became their name.
At various periods, other offspring of the 800-year-old Zhou monarchy adopted the Wang monarch as their name. Non-Han tribes such as the Xiongnu, Koreans, Khitans, Mongols and Manchus also gave themselves the last name Wang at different points in the world.
This is Wang Yi (??), China's Secretary of State; Wong Kar-wai (???), movie producer; Wang Leehom (???), Taiwanese-American musician. Origin: During the rule of the mythical Yao, the Attorney General (da li, "??") was a person named Gao Yao. One of Gao's offspring, Li Zheng, enraged the emperor who had him put to death during the Shang Lords.
Thus the name Li. During the Tang Empire (618-907), the emperor was inclined to give many of his servants the royal surnames Li as a tribute to their merits for the crown.
Origin: This name can be retraced back to the Yellow Emperor, the mythic creator of the Canaan people. Much later, during the Zhou dictatorship, another important part of the Zhang name arose. Xie Zhang's offspring (??), a high-ranking Jin state officer, adopted the second nature of her ancestor's name and made it their first name.
Kwok-Wing (???), Canto Pope Stars; Zhang Dejiang (???), Chair of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress and Senior Officer for Hong Kong and Macau; Zhang Yimou (???), movie producer; the deceased Leslie Cheung Kwok-Wing (???). Origin: here are the kites. In the last years of the Xia family (? 2070 B.C. - 1600 B.C.) Liulei (??), a descendent of the mythical Yao, was the dragon of the kings.
One of them passed away under his protection, Liulei escaped with his wife and daughter and settled in Henan. A different history about the surname is more prose. King Ding of the Zhou dictatorship granted his younger sibling the state of Liu in 592 B.C., and its inhabitants took Liu as their surname.
Many later, during the Han Dyasties of the West and East (206 B.C. - AD220), the China Kingdom maintained a peaceful relationship with the nomad people on its north and west frontiers with marriages between them. They were married to the sovereigns of the warriors, many of whom took over the last name Liu, the surnames of their grandparents.
Origin: When the Western Zhou family was founded in 1046 B.C., the founder of the Zhou family, Wu, succeeded in finding a descendent of the mythical Emperor Shun, who reigned over the ancient China about 1000 years ago. The person with the name Man, who was perhaps the offspring of a possibly existing or non-existent kings, was appointed sovereign of Chen State, which included the present East of Henan and parts of Anhui.
In order to consolidate the legality of his new ruling fraternity, King Wu regularly marries his eldest daugther to the man who was charged with making sacrifices to his virtueful forefather, King Shun. The ancestors of not only one, but two surnames are recognized as Chen Man: Former Taiwanese Chairman Chen Shui-bian (???); Joseph Zen Ze-kiun (???), Hong Kong cardinal and retired Hong Kong Archbishop; Jackie Chan (???, known in Chinese as ??), Oscar winner.
Origin: In the south-west of Shanxi, the third Zhou kang, who ruled from 1020 B.C. to 996 B.C., made a kinsman, Zhu, the marquise of a small area known as Yang. Yahoo! origins: The name goes back to the state of Huang, which was established during the Shang ruling period; Chen-Ning Franklin Yang (???), co-winner of the 1957 Nobel Prize in Physics; Michelle Yeoh Choo Kheng (???), Malaysia -based movie actor; Jerry Yang (???), Taiwanese-American co-founder of Yahoo!
This small state in today's Henan recognized the legality of the Western Zhou dictatorship when it superseded the Shang dictatorship in 1046 BC. The Zhou emperor awarded the lord of Huang the small status of vicomo. Well-known Huangs: the deceased Anna May Wong Liu Tsong (?? ?), the first Sino-American Hollywood film actor; the deceased Ng Teng Fong (???), Singapore and Hong Kong real estate tycoon; Joshua Wong Chi-fung (???), General Sr.
Origin: The ancestor of Zhao was a man named Zaofu, who was known for his abilities in the education of dressage and control vehicles. It was the private chariot driver of King Mu of the western Zhou dictatorship, who ruled from 976 B.C. to 922 B.C. and often escorted the cheerful royal on his hunt trips and outings.
Zaofu received the estate Zhaocheng (??) for his ministries to the Emperor, after which he accepted Zhao as his ski name. Zaofu's offspring of the 7th generations entered the ministry of the state of Jin, and over the years the Zhao Jin dynasty shared with two other clans and established the state of Zhao, whose territories covered parts of today's Hebei, Shanxi and Shaanxi.
Origin: Although the Zhou family took almost 800 years, its leaders were only for most of the family, namely monarch. When the Qin state liberated the Qin from poverty, the unhappy Zhou Emperor ruled only a small piece of ground in mainland China in 256 BC.
Like many surnames, members of the former Zhou Royal House and the people of Zhou adopted the place name as their name. Well-known Zhous: the deceased Zhou Shuren (???), literature giants of the twentieth c., who under the pseudonym Lu Xun typed; the deceased Zhou Enlai (???), Prime Minister of China; Jay Chou Chieh-lun (???), Taiwan' stainler.
Origin: Two generation before the foundation of the Zhou family, 1045 BC, the founder king's grandpa, the Zhou chief, wanted to make his third boy (the king's father) his successor. This would have been a very long migration from the Zhou tribe's home tribal home in what is now Shaanxi to the lower course of the Yangtze River, and considering that this was then an underdeveloped area populated by hardly civilized savages, this would mean that the emigration was not entirely optional.
When the Zhou dictatorship was established, the Zhou kings officially established the state of Wu, just outside the Yangtze, and made his uncle's heir.