The text is now no longer historical, but was cited in the secundary books by later Greeks such as Arrian, Diodorus and Strabo. Edwin Bryant, a lecturer in Hindi religion known for his Krishna writings, says "there is little question that the Sourasenoi refer to the Shurasenas, a Yadu side of the Krishna dynasty".
Bryant says that the term Heracles is probably a Hari-Krishna equivalence to Hari-Krishna, as is Methora of Mathura, Kleisobora of Krishnapura and the Jamuna Jojares. There are many Purana's tell Krishna's biography or some heroes. The Bhagavata Purana and the Vishnu Purana contain the most comprehensive narrative of Krishna's story, but Krishna's biographies in these and other lyrics differ and contain significant contradictions.
82 ] The Bhagavata Purana is made up of twelve volumes, divided into 332 sections, with a combined number of 16,000 to 18,000 verse each. 83 ] The 10th volume of the text, which contains about 4,000 verse (~25%) and is devoted to Krishna legend, was the most beloved and most researched part of the text.
The abstract is a mystical representation of Mah?bh?rata, Harivamsa, Bhagavata Purana and Vishnu Purana in detail. Krishna's legend is Krishna caritas (IAST: K???acaritas). Krishna of Devaki and her husbands, King Vasudeva of the Yadava Group, are borne in Krishna caritas.
As Krishna is about to be borne, Vasudeva clandestinely takes the baby Krishna across the Yamuna and swaps him. It was Krishna who grew up with Nanda and his bride Yasoda near today's Mathura. 89 ] Two of Krishna's brothers and sisters, Balarama and Subhadra, also survived according to these sentiments. 92 ] The era of the beginning of Krishna is known as Krishna Janmashtami.
The Krishna plays the recorder (15th c. artwork). Bhagavata Purana depicts eight of Krishna's spouses who appear in succession as (Rukmini, Satyabhama, Jambavati, Kalindi, Mitravinda, Nagnajiti (also known as Satya), Bhadra and Lakshmana (also known as Madra). 102 ] According to George Williams, Vaishnava lyrics refer to all Gopis as Krishna's spouses, but this is a symbol of Krishna's total dedication and love to everyone and everyone who is dedicated to him.
104 ] In Krishna-related hinduistic traditons he is most often seen with Radha. His mistress Radha and all his women are regarded in hinduistic custom as the guardians of the divine Lakshmi, the wife of Vishnu. It is Krishna who recounts the Gita to Arjuna. Krishna's biography exists in many different forms, three of which are the most studied: Harivamsa, Bhagavata Purana and Vishnu Purana.
115 ] The most inventive work, the Harivamsa, is narrated in a realist way, describing Krishna's pastoral career but weaving it into a lyrical and suggestive imagination. This ends in a triumph, not the killing of Krishna. The fifth Vishnu Purana is moving away from Harivamsa materialism and embedding Krishna in mystic concepts and toasts.
Vishnu Purana scripts are available in many different forms. Bhagavata Purana's 10th and 11th book is regarded as a poetical work of art full of fantasy and metaphor, unrelated to the realistic nature of the Harivamsa vicitim. Krishna's world is depicted as a piece of the cosmos (purple) in which his young age is depicted as a royal lifestyle with his caregiver Nanda as royal.
Krishna's and Krishna's life is nearer to that of a man in Harivamsa, but it is a symbol world in the Bhagavata Purana, where Krishna is within the cosmos and beyond, as well as the same. Bhagavata Purana also exists in many different editions, in many different Indic tongues.
Krishna, by comparison, according to the Jain mythology, was a 22. century Neminatha cusiness. Krishna presents a broad spectrum of Hindu writings on divine theology and philosophy. Madhvacharya, a Hindu thinker whose works lead to the foundation of the Haridasa cult of Vaishnavism, presented Krishna in the context of two-trackism.
Krishna Goswami, a Gaudiya Vaishnava saint, described Krishna divinity in relation to Bhaktioga and Achintya Bheda Abheda. Kryzhna divinity is presented in a purely monistic (advaita, also known as shuddhadvaita) frame of Vallabha Acharya, who was the creator of the Pushti cult of Vachnavism. 142 ] Madhusudana Sarasvati, an Indian philosopher, presented Krishna theory in the context of non-dualism-monimism ( "Advaita Vedanta"), while Adi Shankara, to whom the unification and establishment of the major trends in Hinduism is ascribed, referred to Krishna in his debates on Panchayatana penja at the beginning of the eight hundred.
Bhagavata Purana, a famous text about Krishna that is regarded as a script in Assam, synthesises an Advaita, Samkhya and Yogic frame for Krishna, but one that goes through affectionate dedication to Krishna. In Bhagavata Purana, Bryant described the syntheses of the idea as: "The Bhagavata is a blend of Vedanta vocabulary, Samkyan metaphysic and devotionalised practice of YA.
The 10th volume fosters Krishna as the highest absolutely individual dimension of Deity - the person behind the concept of Ishvara and the final dimension of Brahman. Worshipping Krishna is part of Vaishnavism, a great Hindu religion. There is Krishna full of Vishnu's avatars, or one with Vishnu himself.
162 ] However, the precise relation between Krishna and Vishnu is complicated and diverse, with Krishna sometimes referred to as an impartial and highest God. 164 ] Vaishnavas accepted many of Vishnu's reincarnations, but Krishna is particularly important. As a rule, their denominations are directed either towards Vishnu or an Avatar like Krishna as head.
Krishnaism and Vishnuism were sometimes used to differentiate the two, the former meaning that Krishna is the transcendental Supreme Being. It emerged in South India in the seventh and eighteenth centuries and spread northward from Tamil Nadu via Karnataka and Maharashtra; it was founded in Bengal and Northrd.
Their own colleges, Nimbarka Sampradaya, Vallabha Sampradaya and Gaudiya Vaishnavism, were founded with Krishna as the highest deity. It can be found in South East Asia's culture and culture, but far less than Shiva, Durga, Nandi, Agastya and Buddha. Krishna's most intricately designed temples can be found in a row of Krsnayana relief in the Prambananan Hindu temples near Yogyakarta.
Krishna was part of the Jewish culture and theology until the end of the fourteenth centurys, like the relief of the Penatarans from the fourteenth cent.
Especially classic dancing such as Kathak, Odissi, Manipuri, Kuchipudi and Bharatnatyam are known for their Krishna-related appearances. 210 ]Krisnattam (Krishnattam) goes back to Krishna legend and is connected to another great classic dancing style of India named Kathakali. 211 ] Bryant sums up the impact of the Krishna tales in Bhagavata Purana as follows: "[es] has been the source of more derived literary, poetic, drama, dancing, theatrical and artistic inspiration than any other text in the story of Sanskrit literary, with the possible exceptio of Ramayana.
At the end of this Ghata Jataka discussion, the Buddha text explains that Sariputta, one of the honored students of Buddha in the Buddha religion, was incarnate in his former Krishna in order to draw from the mourning of Buddha in his former rebirth:
He then explained [Master] the truths and identifies the birth: At that point Ananda was Rohineyya, Sariputta was Vasudeva[Krishna], the adherents of Buddha were the other people, and I myself was Ghatapandita. "Ahmadiyya, a 20 th cent. old Muslim mobilization. Krishna regards as one of her old props. 232 ] Ghulam Ahmad explained that he himself was a prophesy in the form of prophesies such as Krishna, Jesus and Muhammad who had come to the world as a modern awakener of faith and morals.
Jumping up to: a to Ben-Ami Scharfstein (1993). The State University of New York Press, S. 166. "Krishna, Lord of Charity, (....)" Jumping up to: a g Edwin Bryant & Maria Ekstrand 2004, pp. 20-25, quote: "Krishna's three dimensions of divinity (....) godly grandeur and superiority; (....) godly affection and privacy; (...) sympathy and shelter; (...., p. 24) Krishna as the divinity of love".
Skip to top: a d K. Klostermaier (1997). Skip up to: a g John Stratton Hawley, Donna Marie Wulff (1982). Hop up ^ "Krishna". Hop up ^ "Krishna". High Jumping ^ Freda Matchett (2001). Krishna, Lord or Avatar? Press p. 199. Leap up ^ James G. Lochtefeld (2002).
Leap to the top ^ Dr. Richard Thompson (December 1994). Skip up to: a mahony, W. K. (1987). of the religions. Skip up to: a bar Hein, Norvin (1986). of the religions. High jumping ^ J. Gordon Melton (2011). Cynthia Packert (2010). ISBN 978-1-59884-205-0. It'?s the art of loving Krishna:
The Indiana University Press. pp. 5, 70-71, 181-187. Highjump ^ Lavanya Vemsani (2016). It is Krishna in history, thought and culture. Leap up ^ Selengut, Charles (1996). Highjumping ^ Hiltebeitel, Alf (2001). The University of Chicago Press. pp. 251-53, 256, 259. Dive up ^ B. M. Misra. The Mushali para from Saralas Mahabharata, Orissa: Shri Krishna Jagannatha.
University Press, USA. Jumping up ^ To the historical Jagannath temples in Ranchi, see Jharkhand: Leap up ^ T. Richard Blurton (1993). The Harvard University Press. pp. 133-134. Hip up ^ Guy, John (April 7, 2014). Leap up ^[a] Cooler, Richard M. (1978). Vishvanatha, Cakravarti Thakura (2011).
Jumping up ^ The encyclopedia Americana. Leap up ^ Benton, William (1974). Hop up ^ Harle, J. C. (1994). The Yale University Press. p. 410. Manaku, Radha's courier describes Krishna with the cowgirls, from Basohli, Germany. Highjump ^ Diana L. Eck (1982). The Columbia University Press. pp. 66-67. High Jumping ^ Ariel Glucklich (2008).
Vishnu's steps: The Oxford University Press, p. 106. Leap up ^ T. A. Gopinatha Rao (1993). Skip up to: a g John Stratton Hawley (2014). Krishna, the butter thief. University Press. pp. Leap up ^ Hoiberg, Dale; Ramchandani, Indu (2000). High jumping ^ Satsvarupa dasa Goswami (1998).
High jumping ^ Stuart Cary Welch (1985). Jumping up: a Vithoba is not only seen as a kind of Krishna. It is also regarded by some as that of Vishnu, Shiva and Gautama Buddha according to different tradtional. The State University of New York Press, S. 35. Leap up ^ Tryna Lyons in 2004.
The Indiana University Press. pp. 16-22. Highjump ^ Kunissery Ramakrishnier Vaidyanathan (1992). Lord Sri Krishna of Guruvayur. Leap up ^ T. A. Gopinatha Rao (1993). Leap up ^ T. A. Gopinatha Rao (1993). High Jumping ^ by Less Doniger (2008). Bounce up ^ Sunil Kumar Bhattacharya Krishna worship in the art of India.
Butt up ^  Archiveed on February 17, 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Jumping up ^ Pâ?. Hip up ^ Hemacandra Abhidhânacintâmani, Ed. Osmund Bopearachchi, creation of Vi??u and ?iva pictures in India: High up ^ Audouin, Rémy and Paul Bernard, "Indian and Indo-Greek coin treasure from Ai Khanoum (Afghanistan).
Skip up to: a p h F R Allchin; George Erdosy (1995). University Press. pp. Leap up ^ Gopal, Madan (1990). Leap to the top ^ Richard Salomon (1998). The Oxford University Press. pp. 265-267. Leap up ^ Benjamín Preciado-Solís (1984). Leap to the top ^ Richard Salomon (1998). The Oxford University Press. pp. 86-87.
Skip high to: a to Manohar Laxman Varadpande (1982). The Krishna Theatre in India. Barnett, Lionel David (1922). Heroes and Gods of Hinduism: Study of the Indian Religion. Leap up ^ Puri, in 1968. Rajuvula medallion was retrieved from the Sultanpur district...the Brahmi engraving on the Mora flagstone, now in the Mathura Museum, Rajuvula, Gosvami, J. (1986).
Vaisnava movement: A research on the philosophic and sectarian development of the Gaudiya Vaisnava movement. High jumping ^ Gregory Bailey (2003). The University of South Carolina Press. pp. 141-142. Jumping up ^ The poems from S?rad?sa. High ^ "Yashoda and Krishna". Highjump ^ Sanghi, Ashwin (2012). Krishna clef.
High Jumping ^ Lok Nath Soni (2000). The Anthropological Survey of India, Government of India, Ministry of Tourism and Culture, Department of Culture, Delhi : Anthropological Survey of India, Government of India, Ministry of Tourism and Culture, Department of Culture, Department of Culture, 2000 University of Michigan The Anthropological Survey of India, Government of India, Ministry of Tourism and Culture, Department of Culture, Delhi : Anthropological Survey of India, Government of India, Ministry of Tourism and Culture, Department of Culture, Department of Culture, 2000 University of Michigan, 1994. S. 16. Leap up ^ Lynne Gibson (1999).
Leap up ^ Schweig, G. M. (2005). Rasa Lila by Krishna from Bhagavata Purana, India's classical holy romance. The Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ; Oxford. Hop up ^ Largen, Kristin Johnston. Seeing God through the lens of young Krishna. Hop up ^ Largen, Kristin Johnston.
Seeing God through the lens of young Krishna. Hop up ^ Largen, Kristin Johnston. Seeing God through the lens of young Krishna. Leap up ^ "Krishna Rajamannar with his women, Rukmini and Satyabhama, and his mountain, Garuda | LACMA Collections". collections.lacma.org.. Highjump ^ Rao, Shanta Rameshwar (2005).
Krishna. Highjump ^ C Dennis Hudson (August 27, 2008). Kanchipuram: An imperial palace for Krishna in the eighth century Kanchipuram: An imperial palace for Krishna in the eighth century Kanchipuram. The Oxford University Press. pp. 263-4. Highjump ^ C Dennis Hudson (August 27, 2008). Kanchipuram: An imperial palace for Krishna in the eighth century Kanchipuram: An imperial palace for Krishna in the eighth century Kanchipuram.
The Oxford University Press. pp. 102-103, 263-273. Highjump ^ George Mason Williams (June 18, 2008). The Oxford University Press. p. 188, 222. Highjump ^ John Stratton Hawley, Donna Marie Wulff (1982). "Regions lyrics differ in the identities of Krishna's woman (wife), some present her as Rukmini, some as Radha, some as Svaminiji, some add all Gopi, and some identify all as different facets or manifestations of Devi Lakshmi.
" Leap up ^ Jeane D. Fowler (2012). The Sussex Academic Press, pp. 1-7. Skip up ^ Eknath Easwaran (2007). The Nilgiri Press. pp. 21-59. Skip high to: a diana L. Eck (2012). "By the only dart of a fighter called Jara, Krishna was fired through the base, palm and skull.
They say Krishna was lying there and Jara thought his red ishose and let go of his dart. That'?s where Krishna passed away. "Skip up ^ Mani, Vettam (1975). Leap up ^ Edwin Bryant (2003). Krishna: Bhagavata Purana. Highjump ^ Largen, Kristin Johnston (2011). Baby- Krishna, infant Christ:
Leap up ^ Benjamín Preciado-Solís (1984). Mahabharata, Harivamsa, Visnu Purana, Ghata Jataka and Bala Carita all appear between the first and fifth centuries AD, each representing a different Krsna series. Highjump ^ Knott, Kim (2000).
University Press, USA. Highjump ^ Beck, Guy (2012-02). Krishna's alternative: The Suny Press. S. Highjumping ^ Vemsani, Lavanya (2016). It is Krishna in history, thought and culture: High jumping Bhatt, Saligram (2008). Leap upwards ^ "Remarkable Horoscopes Motilal Banarsidass Publ. 1991, ISBN 8120809009,9788120809000". Skip up to: a b kite error:
Rc Hazra (1987), studies in Puranic Records on Hindu Rites and Customs, Motilal Banarsidass, ISBN 978-8120804227, pages 6-9 with notes. Rocher (1986), The Puranas, Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, ISBN 978-3447025225, pages 115-121 with notes. Skip high to: a s Avril Ann Powell (2010).
Leap up ^ Hermann Kulke; Dietmar Rothermund (2004). It'?s a story of India. Leap up ^ Sharma; B. N. Krishnamurti (2000). The Dvaita School of Ved?nta and its literature. Hop up ^ Tripurari, Swami. Highjump ^ Jindel, Rajendra (1976). Leap up ^ William R. Pinch (1996). The University of Pennsylvania Press. pp. 148-150.
Highjump ^ Johannes de Kruijf and Ajaya Sahoo (2014), Indian Transnationalism Online: "Shankara, Student's Encyclopedia Britannia - India (2000), vol. 4, Encyclopaedia Britannica (UK) Publishing, ISBN 978-0-85229-760-5, page 379, quote: "Christophe Jaffrelot (1998), The Hindu Nationalist Movement in India, Columbia University Press, ISBN 978-0-231-10335-0, Seite 2, Zitat :
High jumping ^ John Stratton Hawley (2014). Krishna, the butter thief. The Princeton University Press. p. 10, 170. High Jumping ^ John M. Koller (2016). Vaudeville, Ch. (1962). High Jumping ^ John M. Koller (2016). Skip high to: a barcu Juan Mascaró (1962). Jumping up to: a to Georg Feuerstein; Brenda Feuerstein (2011).
Leap to the top ^ Nicholas F. Gier (2004). of New York pp. pp. High jumping ^ John Dowson (2003). Classic dictionary of Hindu mythology and religion, geography, history and literary texts. Skip up to: a b Kennedy, M. T. (1925). Chaitanya movement: H. Milford, Oxford Universtity Public Relations. Leap up ^ De, S. K. (1960).
The Bengali school identified the Bhagavat with Krishna in the Shrimad-Bhagavata and portrayed him as his highest self. "Leap to the top ^ Graham M. Schweig (2005). Krishna's R?asa L?il?a from Bh?agavata Pur?a. well, India's classical holy romance. The Princeton University Press.
Bhattacharya, Gouriswar: Leap up ^ Klostermaier, Klaus K. (2005). 3 issues of State University of New York Press, pp. 203-204. Today's Krishna veneration is an amalgam of different sorts. Krishna Vasudeva veneration blossomed several hundred years before Christ in and around Mathura. Another important part is the Krishna Govinda religion.
Even later, the veneration of Bala-Krishna, the child Krishna, is an essential characteristic of Krishna. Krishna Gopijanavallabha seems to have been the last item, Krishna the Gopis enthusiast, among whom Radha holds a privileged place. Krishna is introduced in some textbooks as the founding father and first preceptor of the cult of Brahagavata.
Leap up ^ Basham, A. L. (May 1968). Krishna: Leap up ^ Couture, André (2006). Skip up to: a to Klostermaier, K. (1974). Heave up ^ Jacobsen, Knut A., ed. Vaudeville, C. (1962). Highjump ^ Bowen, Paul (1998). Leap up ^ Radhakrisnasarma, C. (1975). High Jumping ^ Sisir Kumar Das (2005).
500-1399, a story of Indian literature: Jumping up ^ "Thiruppavai". Hip up ^ Desika, Vedanta. Hip up ^ Jaganathan, Maithily (2005). "The Sri Krishna Jayanti." Peter Clarke (2005), Encyclopédie des nouveaux mouvements religieux, Routledge, ISBN 978-0415267076, Seite 308 Zitat : "There, they captivated the Beatles' fantasy, especially George Harrison, who assisted them to create a hit parade of Hare Krishna mantras (1969) and....".
Leap up ^ Brian A. Hatcher all the way (October 5, 2015). Skip up to: a paddle John Guy (2014). Highjump ^ Anne-Valérie Schweyer; Paisarn Piemmettawat (2011). Jumping up ^ J Fontein (1997). University of Silpakorn, pp. 191-204. Highjump ^ Trigu?a (Mpu.); Suwito Santoso (1986). Highjump ^ John Guy; Pierre Baptiste; Lawrence Becker; et al. (2014).
The Yale University Press. pp. 222-223. Varadpande 1987, pp. 92-94. Highjumping ^ Vemsani, Lavanya (2016). "Musica and Krishna." The Krishna in the past and civilization. Varadpande 1987, pp. 95-97. Varadpande 1987, p. 98. Highjump ^ Zarrilli, P. B. (2000). Highjumping ^ Helmuth von Glasenapp (1999).
Highjump ^ Jeffery D. Long (2009). Highjump ^ "Andhakavenhu Puttaa". www.vipassana.info. Skip up to: a-blaw, Biography of C. (1941). Leap upwards ^ Jaiswal, p. (1974). Leap upwards ^ G.P. Malalasekera (2003). Skip up to: a m H. University Press (Reprint: 2014). pp. Leap upwards ^ Gunapala Piyasena Malalasekera (2007).
Skip up to: a p E.B. Cowell; WHD Rouse (1901). The Cambridge University Press. p. 57. Leap upwards ^ Daniel E Bassuk (1987). Highjump ^ Edward Geoffrey Parrinder (1997). Oxford: Leap upwards ^ Guth, C. M. E. "Monumenta Nipponica, Vol. 42, No. 1 (Spring 1987), p. 1-23".
Leap up ^ Smith, Peter (2000). Oxford: Leap up ^ Esslemont, J. E. (1980). Leap up ^ Minahan, James (2012). High jumping ^ Cormack, Margaret (2013). The Oxford University Press. pp. 104-105. Leap up ^ Harvey, D. A. (2003). Leap up ^ Schure, Edouard (1992). This is a study of the secret histories of religions.
Skip up ^ See for example: Crowley associated Krishna with the Romans Dionysos and the Magickal formulas IAO, AUM and INRI. Highjump ^ Apiryon, Tau; Apiryon (1995). Perennis: Reciprocity and transformation into Hindu and Jaina texts. Press SUNY. The Oxford University Press. Hare Krishna movement: The Columbia University Press.
Krishna: the wonderful myth of God. Hare Krishna movement: The Columbia University Press. The Temple University Press (1st edition: 1977). Hare Krishna movement: the post-charismatic destiny of post-transplantation. The Columbia University Press. "64 Sri Krishna Qualities." Krishna's alternative: Press SUNY. 500-1399, a story of Indian lit. The story of the Indian Theatre by M. L. Varadpande.
Krishna Theater Chapters, pp. 231-94. Geschichte des Indischen Theater. 3rd volume Abhinav Publications.