Kosrae Island MapCosrae Island Map
Cards of Kosrae and Lelu Island.
Kozrae (pronounced: koh-shy), formerly known as Kusaie or Strong's Island, is an island in the Federated States of Micronesia. Kosrae State is one of the four Federated States of Micronesia and comprises the island of Kosrae and some of the most important of which (' 1,500 people) is the island of Lelu.
Kosrae covers 110 sq km (42 sq miles), which corresponds to a population of 6,600 population. Density of flora and precipitous hills keep the island largely intact. Seen from the sea, the island looks like a woman's figure in its striking form. As a result, the island is known as the "island of the dormant lady". "Kosrae International Airport (IATA KSA code) is situated on an man-made island within the fringe of the shore about 150 meters away and is linked to the major island by a new viaduct that opened in January 2016.
There are 737-800 Island Hopper services (twice a weekly in each direction) between Hawaii and Guam from United Air Lines (formerly Continental Micronesia) and stops at other FSM (Pohnpei and Chuuk) and Marshall targets. Kosrae's main formal tongue is Kosraean, although it can also be used in a governmental debate.
Under the Kosraean constitution, Anglais is considered "equal" to Kosraean (although in a case where the Kosraean and British revisions of the constitution are in insoluble dispute, the Kosraean Rev. The FSM's native tongue, however, is Anglo. 5 ] The island had been under Spain's nominally sovereign rule since 1668, but was not actually invaded until 1885.
When the island first came into touch with Europeans in 1824, Kosrae had a very layered community, characteristic of the area. In 1852 the first congregationalist mission was founded, and practically the whole island was Christian in the 1870s. Today many Christian cults are present on Kosrae, and religious belief still has an important part to play in it.
It was in 1885, after a conflict between the Hispanic Empire and the Teutonic Empire, which was eventually settled under the conditions of the Vatican, that the Navy took full command of the island. Following the Spain's loss to the United States in the 1898 conflict, Spain on 2 February 1899 sells the Carolinas Islands to Germany for 25 million PTA (17 million marks).
After the First World War, the island came under the Japanese Empire's rule, and during Japan's South Pacific mandate from 1914 to 1945 there were major financial upheavals. Willard Price, when he came to the island in the 1930' s, told that there was no prison, that there had been no more killings for sixty years and that drinking and smoking were unknown.
11 ] The island was defended by the Japanese during World War II, but there were no fights on Kosrae. Tunnel shelters with several entries were excavated into the inner tops of the island and most of them can still be investigated today. Kosrae was first managed as one of the communities of the Ponape Districts (Pohnpei) during the Trust Territory (TTPI), but became a distinct area in 1977.
When Micronesia's constitutions in the TTPI Distrikt of Palau and the Marshall Isles were overthrown, Kosrae became a member of the other Yap, Chuuk and Pohnpei Distrikt and founded the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM). Kozrae is the only island FSM state (with the seven or eight small near-shore islets within the fringe island, especially Lelu Island, grouped under the major island), while the other three states each consist of many islets.
Up until 1977 Kosrae was divided into municipalities or towns: The Kosovo authorities have been the island's most important employers since the 1960', where fisheries and conventional agriculture continue to be the island's primary livelihood. 6 ] The US Dollars are the offical currencies in Kosrae and all Micronesia.
So far, the tourist industries have concentrated mainly on the dive on the island's surrounding wall of reefs. This 10-kilometre Rockhopper competition began in 2013 and draws several dozens of participants from the neighbouring Kwajalein and Pohnpei islets. Eating was a key part of island living, as each village was made up of small groups of families gathering around a cooking hut with at least one stove.
It was made into a festive meal by men who were educated in the complex preparation techniques and who also cooked kava (suhka). 14 ] It is believed that the Japanese brought linden to the island, which today bears fruits and is of high qualitiy almost all year round.
There are also a large number of mandarins, which are when ripe green, which are well known and popular on the islets. Hill cider, a rootless apple (malus), is cultivated in many parts of Kosrae, as are the tasty papaya strawberries and pineapple. Some indigenous peasants grow and export to the Marshall Isles such as cucumber, kale, lettuce, aubergines, pumpkin, chantaloupe and watermelon.
Tofol, in the community of Lelu, is the state' s capitol. "U "U.S. representative at the hand-over of Kosrae OLPC. a ^ a d e "History and Culture Links - Kosrae". everyculture.com. "Japonese Garnisons on the Bypassed Pacific Islands 1944-1945". Micronesia. flagspot.net. ab " Cosrae". everyculture.com. Kosrae Census 2000" (PDF).
Trust Territory Pacific Islands 1980 Population" (PDF). Wiki voyage has a guidebook for Kosrae. The Wikimedia Commons has a Kosrae related public.