Is French Polynesia a CountryFrench Polynesia is a country?
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France-Polynesia is made up of five archipelagos (Society Islands, Marquesas Islands, Tuamotu Islands, Austral Islands and Gambier Islands) under Frenchs. Whilst each group of islands shows a variation of the Polyynesian culture traditions and are all unified by more than a hundred years of settlement, the inhabitants preserve cultures unique to their home isle.
France-Polynesia comprises 121 archipelagos spread over more than 1,930,500 sq. km (5 million sq. km) in the South Pacific between Australia and South America. These archipelagos are made up of underwater volcanos and comprise cliffy volcano tops, high plateaus with fringed cordon sandy beaches and large pelagic lakes as well as deep volcanos surrounded by sea.
Papeete, the capitol, is located on the biggest of the Tahiti Isles and the first to be conquered by Europe. In July 2000, 249,110 people lived on the populated isles. Almost 80 per cent of the inhabitants are of Polish or Mongolese descent, about 12 per cent of French descent and 8 per cent of Chinatore.
It concentrates on the metropolitan and metropolitan areas of North Tahiti, which have almost 150,000 inhabitants. There are only two other archipelagos, Moorea and Raiatea, with more than ten thousand inhabitants and many of them less than a thousand. Most of the inhabitants are fluent in both Tahiti and France, the predominant Polish langua.
In the more remote isles, the elderly still use one of the indigenous Polish dialects, and in the remote Australian isles, the dialects vary from one isle to another. They have become more homogenous and Tahiti is beginning to supersede the indigenous ones. Elderly people in China are speaking the Hakka vernacular, but younger generation speaks French and often Tahitian.
This territory has both the national and the international flags, with a small river kayak on a green apron. Canoes symbolize the Polyynesian maritime traditions. There are other culturally symbolic references to the country's fruitfulness (the breadfruit), the island's beauties (the flower of Mount Gardeia and the dark pearl) and local cultures (the figurine of the Tiki).
These five archipelagos were united by the progressive processes of France's invasion and conquest into a new nationhood, beginning with Tahiti in 1843 and ending with the Annexion of the Australian group in 1900. In Papeete, the public authorities, workplaces, transport and service centralisation helped to develop a country's own nation.
France-Polynesia's identities are more Polish than that of France, but many inhabitants are proud of their links with France's civilisation and are related to French-speaking civilisations around the globe. Inhabitants in favour of France's autonomy are in favour of a comeback to a more conservative Polish civilization. Tension between the mostly Polish community and the people of Europe and China is due to continuing disparities between these groups and continuing outlooks.
Many interethnic marriages took place, and there is a tendency for Western and Western couples to become part of the mainstream population. The areas are dense built-up areas with a large trade and administrative centre, armed forces and harbours, and a broad variety of forms of housing. Most of the houses that have been constructed from import material maintain their original layout with a large bedroom and an outbuildings.
Landscaped or colonized building method. In addition to these locally grown products, we also import goods such as rices, preserves and homemade bakery products. Greater towns and cities have large general stores and small restuarants selling traditional China meals. Isles with hotel facilities have a restaurant offering French-influenced French dishes and regional dishes.
Saturday the Polynese hosts are preparing an open fire with local dishes (fish, pigs, tarot, bread, yam ), which is consumed on Sunday at large meetings. Mouth-watering meals are also available at weddings. It is highly reliant on France's welfare programmes and armed forces. We have an efficient domestic farm business where fruit, vegetable, meats and seafood are transported from the other isles to the city centre markets.
Although the tourist industry is relatively underdeveloped, employment and tourist incomes are considerable on the resort-provided islets. Property and property. France's current system of property and property is the result of its attempts to establish a system of private property. Much of the property is bequeathed to all landowners' offspring in equal shares and is often owned by large groups of relatives.
Co-owners living on the property work out the usage right in detail; these right are passed on from the child. Municipal property is the cause of many litigations, as inheritors seek to split or dispose of properties into separate businesses that have competitive property-claim.
But municipal property has slower the transmission of lands from Polynesia to the youngest migrants. Not many Polynesians are without landlords. China-Thitian and French-Thitian familiy enterprises dominate a very lively importer trade. Multinationals are engaged in airlines, hotels, constructions and power, while the imports of buildings material, consumables and transportation are under the control of domestic enterprises.
In Polynesia there are only a few factories: a brewery and a few small fabric printers in Papeete, a filling plant for juices on the neighbouring Moorea isle. Landfill managment, hydropower and hydro treatment are other important industries, all of which are state-owned companies.
The export of domestic goods such as pearl, coir goods, handicraft, fresh fruits and cathedrals is often airlifted. It is the main job generator, with higher ranked employment, typical of European-Polynesian or Polynesian-Chinese inhabitants with a degree and lower ranked employment kept by Polynesians (office work by females, male work by males).
Almost all politically motivated men and men appointed are Polynesians. Prosperous Polynesian-European immigrant and business people from China belong to the elite. As a rule, these have their own home and at least one employee in the family. Polynesians have lost the order of title and chief, but Polynesians still keep extensive genealogy notes and most families' offspring are conscious of their histories.
Socially stratified symbols. In Tahitian cities there is separation of society, with the sea and the riding tops ruled by the elite, the shallow coastal plains by middle-class families and the inner dales by the lower strata. The external islets have a different housing styles and sizes, which also define the layering of society, while the situation is less characteristic of the group.
Goverment. France's formal state is an oversee territorial entity, with autonomous operations since 1984. It administers many of its own business while still being a member of the République Française. France has control over defence and order, external policy, citizenship and migration, judiciary, higher and research, communication and monetary matters.
The inhabitants of Paris are voting in the nationwide election and electing members of the nationwide executive in Paris. It is in charge of local governance, exploitation and developing in certain marine areas, basic and lower level training, taxes, pricing and external transactions. It is politically governed by the French Polynesian authorities, the French Polynesian Assembly and the Economic, Social and Cultural Council (CES).
At the Polynesian Assembly, the Chairman and the Chief of the Regional Authority are chosen from the 41 members of the Regional Assembly. Its most important entities are the local authority (municipality) and the lower municipalities (districts). CES consists of thirty persons who represent the occupations, trades union and other business, culture and welfare organisations.
Civil servants monitor the funds flowing from governments to community. Governments, welfare departments, jobs and wages are under the supervision of communal, provincial and state civil servants. Policy sponsorship is the predominant characteristic of provincial policy, and the inhabitants are developing and manipulating links with civil servants in order to obtain entry to it.
Grants, subventions and credits from France have provided many employment opportunities for island dwellers.
Polynesians in France have a relatively high level of livelihood, which is upheld by the funds they get from the programmes in France, which include the old-age pensions system and the system of allocating families. This gender segregation of labour resulted from the endeavours of Christians to establish a West culture system and of Francophone missions.
Under this system, men were identified as carers and family leaders and the perfect role for the female caregiver. The inhabitants recognise several types or grades of conjugal unification. On one end of the continent stands the unification of a pair founded by civilian (French) and ecclesiastical rites and held by weddings for family, public servants and family.
In many core populations there are adopted kids. Humans recognise the existence of bilaterally related entities that monitor the use of landholdings. In order to be able to assert usage privileges on any of these entities, private persons must prove their ties to them. Though not an important business or community group in an individual's lives, the bipartite relationship group is an important resource of help to each other, and through becoming a member of a relationship group, individuals gain usage privileges on property.
The inhabitants love kids, and most of them look forward to starting a home. The French founded elementary, middle and professional schooling. Classes are held in French, although a few lessons per week are offered in Tahiti in elementary and middle years. Privately-run colleges, run by church and subsidised by the state, have the same syllabus as state-run colleges.
Polynesians can go to university in France or graduate from the UFP (French University of the Pacific), which has a university in Polynesia. Christianity was converted after the London Missionary School sent Lutheran to Tahiti in 1797. Catholics were much later adopted by the people of France.
Prior to the West, humans thought of a faraway god mantra and a multitude of ghosts, both locals and families, influencing everyday lives. A lot of the inhabitants believe in ancestor ghosts. Ancients have an important basis of authority in the congregation, and one of their main tasks is to support the minister in the enforcement of societal controls.
As an example, the festive handing over of presents includes speeches and dances. On May 1, the Lutheran churches' yearly tithing collections also includes visits to rites and celebrations by locals. Old Polyynesian platform temples, known as the maraae, are still regarded by many Polynesians as sacred places, although native religion has largely stopped.
Professionally trained dancing company perform antique ceremonial rituals for tourist and dignitary use on a restored Temples deck in the Paea area. The inhabitants of the village believe that humans have both a bodily and a spiritual being. Health services are provided by the state. There'?s a missing physician on some islets.
Tribal healings have been revitalized, and bandages have evolved to preserve the legacy of community healings and to guarantee the healer' s genuineness and workings. Further favorite festivities are the Chinese New Year, the Tahiti Fest in July and the Hawaiki Nui Canoeing. While there are a few official funding programmes, many performers profit from funding links with governments and large agencies.
Practicians of conventional crafts can apply to the state and possibly get a part-pay. Tribal Polyynesian styles such as story-telling, oratorio, and songwriting are still well known. Polynesia drew many of Europe's artists and still supports artists of insular landscape and inhabitants. The genre of the band's works ranges from stylised anthem chanting and funny narrative tracks to famous ballsads and folk tunes.
Besides "classical" regional tracks, new tracks and tracks are played and sold there. The use of drums is widespread, often as an escort to dancing shows. Contemporary dancing ("disco"), regional variations of social dancing and folk dancing are well known. Tradicional dancing is danced by many amateurs and professionals.
The Institute Rechereches Medicales Louis Mallarde, which carries out research on the health of the tropics, and the Centre Polynesien de sciences Humains, the supporting organisation for archeology, ethnography and ethnography, are among the state research institutes. There are a number of organisations dedicated to maritime science, among them local authorities, as well as research vessels and the world' s leading research institutes.
Its variety of academic establishments is a reflection of its relationship with France and its well-developed regional governance. In collaboration with the French University of the Pacific, this association of domestic, regional and multinational research organisations carries out research work. Colonialism, sex and independence in French Polynesia. "Doctoral Thesis, New York University, 1997. 1973 Political peasants and proletarians.
Company and story on a Polynesian island, 1970. Spirit and Experiences on the Societal Islands, 1973.