Iolani PalaceThe Iolani Palace
?Iolani Palace was the kingly palace of the Hawaiian kingdom leaders, beginning with Kamehameha III under the Kamehameha Dynasty (1845) and ending with Queen Lili?uokalani (1893) under the Kal?kaua dynasty established by her king David Kal?kaua Now it is a national historical landmark registered in the National Register of Historical Places.
In 1893, after the fall of the Empire, the monument was used as the capital of the Provisional Government, the Republic, the Territory and the State of Hawai?i until 1969. It was renovated in 1978 and opened to the general public in the form of a permanent exhibition. Iolani Palace is one of two regal buildings on US ground.
1 ] The other regal palace is Hulihe?e Palace in Kailua-Kona, Hawaii, on the island of Hawaii. It was the place of verbal story narrated by an old heiau in the temples of the Hwaiian faith named Ka?ahaimauli, which was here ruined. 8 ] In July 1844 Kek?an?o?a started to build a big house here as a present to his daugther Victoria Kam?malu
Instead, Kamehameha III bought the property and used it as his royal residence after he moved the capital of the empire to Honolulu. It' going to be the Iolani Palace. Kamehameheha III was sleeping in a colder grassy cabin around the palace. His house was named Ho?iho?ikea, a detached edifice that flanked the palace on the western side, in honour of his restauration after the Paulet affair of 1843.
8 ] Kamehameha IV built a seperate building on the eastern side of the palace, named Ihikapukalani (on the mauca side ) and Kauluhinano (on the maakai side). During 1930 the inside of the castle ?Iolani was rebuilt and the wooden frames were substituted by ferroconcrete and reinforcemen. In 1935 the name ?Iolani Palace was formally renovated.
During the Second World War, it was used as a provisional headquarter for the Army District of Hawaii. For more than 70 years, the palace was dilapidated as a functionally but unattended administrative structure. When Hawaii became a state, in the 1960' the restoration of the palace was begun by Gouverneur John A. Burns.
As a first move, the former barracks house ?Iolani was moved from its initial location to the north-east of the palace. Today it is used as a visitor centre for the palace. Thanks to the effort of purchase investigators and expert members of the museums, as well as gifts from individual donors, many of the palace's originals have been restored.
State subsidies and personal contributions financed the reproductions of originals and refinements in order to bring the rooms of the palace back to their monarchical state. The palace was opened to the general public in 1978 after the renovation of the palace. In the lower floor there is a photo exhibition of the palace, orders and decoration of the royal family and an exhibition about the restorations.
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Howaiian Kingdom Government Group does not recognise the islands as a "US state". Native group occupies castle grounds". The national culture and art of Hawaii during the Kal?kaua Age. Universtity of Hawaii Press. Historical sites and sights that marked America: Fortresses and palaces of the Kingdom of Hawaii: Universiy of Hawaii Press. p. 26.