How many Statues are on Easter IslandWhat is the number of statues on Easter Island?
All of us grew up with these huge rock faces on the island of so many of us are dreaming of coming to visit them and looking for ourselves, it seems now that when we travel we will see more than our forefathers ever did. This is because there are about 150 statues that have been dug up to the shoulder on the slopes of a vulcano, and these are the most popular, prettiest and most beautifully shot of all Easter Islands.
On Easter Island, several hundred statues bear testimony to the breakdown of Polynesia's most progressive Megalithstillism. Pitcairn Island is 1,289 leagues away from the closest populated country (approx. 50 inhabitants in 2013); the closest city with over 500 inhabitants is Rikitea, on Mangareva Island, 1,619 leagues away; the closest mainland point is only in the centre of Chile, 2,182 leagues away.
Easter Island's great statues of stones, or mai, were engraved in the time between 1100-1680 A.D. (rectified radio-carbon data). 887 monumental sculptures were catalogued on the island and in the museum's collection. Though often referred to as "Easter Island heads," the statues have torso, most of which end at the top of the thigh, although a small number are full statues kneeling on bowed legs with their arms above their stomach.
A few erect mai have burrowed up to their neck by moving the ground. These statues, whose name is" moai", were made between 1100 and 1500 A.D. by old Polynesians from vulcanic-stone. Though their meaning is still somewhat mysterious, the mai are considered as depictions of the forefathers of the native people.
Tribesmen would probably have sculpted a new sculpture every important tribe member who died. Nearly all (95%) of the mai were cut from compacted, slightly consolidated vulcanic fly or tufa found in a unique location on the side of the extinguished Rano Raraku vulcano. Indigenous people who used to carve them used only rock carvings, mainly Tokyo tbasalt, which are found all over the quays.
The funeral of statues found on the corpses of the tomb protects against the weather. Picture credits - Easter Island statue project. Stonecutters were ground by splintering a new blade. During the sculpture the vulcanic rock was sprayed with splash and softened.
Whilst many crews worked simultaneously on different statues, a solo mai took a five or six-man crew about a year to do it. Every sculpture depicted the late header of a line. The statues were erected only a fourth of the way. And the tallest mai on a plateau is called "Paro.
A number of other statues of similar importance were carried to the northern and southern coast of the city. The statues could be lifted by means of a micro-eroa, a Y-shaped sledge with cruciform sections, which was drawn with cables from the tenacious rind of the house trunk and bound around the sculpture's throat.
Everywhere 180 to 250 men were needed to pull, according to the mai. About 50 of the statues were rebuilt in recent years. Heerdahl was reared using conventional techniques during a Heyerdahl mission. A different way that could have been used would be to fix cables to the sculpture and swing it by drawing it forward while rocking it.
Bowls of the mai in the stone pit are tilted forward, while the bowls that are moving to the definitive sites are not. That would help to create a better centre of mass for transportation. Statues found along the transportation routes have a broader base than statues placed on them. This would allow a more solid transportation.
Research has shown a fracture on the pedestals of the statues during transportation, which could have been caused by the swinging of the sculpture to and fro and by great pressure at the rim. Statues installed on a hu do not have broad plinths and rockfalls found in the places indicate that they were further altered during placementa.
Uninhabited and falling statues near the old streets are (more often than you would expect from chance) to be found face down on rising slopes and on your back as you walk up. Several of them were recorded erect along the old streets, e.g. through a celebration of Captain Cook's journey, which lay in the shadow of a sculpture.
That would be compatible with an erect transportation. Around the mai, the effects of the preservation of monuments on the enviroment are discussed. There are some who believe that the development of the mai has led to extensive forest degradation and eventually to a conflict over limited natural resource. A large sculpture of Moya was dug out of the soil in 2011.
These statues show their makers as masters and engeneers and differ from other statues of Polish culture. Many speculations have been made about the precise purposes of the statues, the roles they had in the Easter Island civilisation and the way they were built and carried.