How many Islands are there in the Hawaiian IslandsIn the Hawaiian Islands, how many islands are there?
Her continuous wish to explore new lands, in combination with her command of sail and navigational skills, led her from Southeast Asia to Samoa, Tonga and later to the Eastern parts of Tahiti and Marquesas. It was from here that they broadened their understanding of the Pacific Ocean by cruising southwards and exploring New Zealand and Easter Island. Until 1200, the Polynesians lived on all the large islands in the Pacific, but they were overpopulated and subjected to war.
While the powerful yachtsmen who made all these inventions overcome unbelievably tough barriers to get there - they were sailing in small double-hulled channels without navigation devices, which had a number of continental masters, they were very succesful in their search for new islands and their return to colonise them. How do they know there's a country just off the Marquesas Islands?
When that was the case, it's difficult to believe how incredible and difficult her trip to Hawaii must have been. Nevertheless, they sometimes reached Hawaii around 380 AD and sailed over 2000 nautical leagues from home. This rediscovered country seemed like heaven on earth (not that they believe in heaven as such) - a luxuriant exotic heaven with plenty of sea creatures in the nearby seas, a shortage of predators, toxic animals, bugs or vegetation and enough freshwater to create a population.
Unfortunately, the first perception was eclipsed by the fact that the Hawaiian Islands were lacking a life-sustaining protein resource - since the archipelago was relatively young from a geographical point of view, there were no large enough eatable crops or wildlife to meet the food needs of the first people. The Hawaiian chieftains adopted her as their new living dogma and disagreements began to be settled with aggravation.
The Hawaiian islands soon turned into a battlefield, gaining chieftains to gather more lands and thus more manas. In the middle of the XVIIIth centuries, each of the islands was ruled by rival chieftains who fought for the final objective of being the only insular leader - Moi, the highest mayor. Hawaiians were towed to take part in gory fights, the only result was either an orgasm.
With wooden and stony arms, each made by the soldiers themselves, the 1770s saw the Hawaiian army fall under less than a doze moi. Soon it seemed obvious that the war will move to the oceans that separate the Hawaiian islands until the last cook takes the final win. But no one could have predicted what would happen - an historic experience, the battle of civilisations that would turn the Hawaiians' way of life on its head and forever transform the destiny of this string of islands.....
An experienced mapper, he created a highly accurate cartographic survey of Newfoundland off the Canadian coastline after measuring the length of the isle. On his many travels he explored and charted many islands in the Southern Pacific, sailing to New Zealand and North Australia (his almost flawless chart of the Great Barrier Refs in Australia helps other skippers to avoid these unknown waters) and "filled" gaps on the world chart and found new lands wherever he sail.
It is interesting that Cook was assigned on his second voyage to find Terra Australis (Southern Country in Latin), a theoretical country designed by mapmakers (the mere fact that such a country existed was theoretical, so that the northern hemisphere was to be compensated for by the same amount of country lying just below the equator). The first stop of the cooking vessel was Tahiti, where he met a young man called Omai, a Pacific Islander who spent the last two years maintaining the UK's élite (he was also Cook's interpretor and translator).
Half way down the road he made an inconspicuous discovery - a secluded string of islands in the Pacific Ocean. He and his team passed the Isle of Oahu in January 1778 and ended up two nights later in what is now Waimea on Kauai. The Hawaiians, according to Cook's Journal, intrigued by huge vessels and unfamiliar metallic implements, greeted the English with open hands and even exchanged steel for nourishment and sexual intercourse (which later proved deadly for the Hawaiians, as the seamen carried illnesses that significantly depleted the Hawaiian people.
He called the Islands Sandwich Islands and went back to the ocean to fulfill his missions. He travelled further North and on March 29, 1778, he reached Nootka Sound on today's Canadian island of Vancouver Island. The Bering Strait limited his efforts and despite many efforts to navigate through this pristine canal, James Cook mapping the whole Pacific Northwest Coast.
This great discoverer steered a course towards the rediscovered sandwich islands. One year after his first trip, Captain Cook returned to the Sandwich Islands Archipelago on 17 January 1778 and this year landed in Kealakekua Bay on the Hawai'i Isle. Cook comes in the period of Makahiki, Hawaiian vacation celebrates the deity of fertility Lono.
The Hawaiians may have been so surprised by this incident that they confused Cook with the Lono reincarnation. The British took advantage of the natives' kindness for the next few months, which probably increased insecurity about their divine state ( "It could also have been that the Hawaiians were just eager to learn about the western technologies and welcome the Westerners to sharing their seafaring knowledge").
As one of the crew members of Captain's Cook passed away and the seamen's death rate was revealed, tensions between them and the Hawaiians came to light, and the Europeans agreed that it was almost certainly the right moment to depart the sandwich islands. Resolution and Discovery left Kealakekua Bay on February 4, 1779, but after only one weeks at Sea, the mission was compelled to go back to Hawaii for repair, as one of the Resolution poles broke during a thunderstorm.
The Europeans are welcomed with rage rather than excitement this year - after a string of events, the Hawaiians are stealing one of Cook's cutterboats (smaller ships carrying seafarers from the moored mothership to and from the shore). Skipper, with a technology that has proved itself in conflicts with natives on other islands in Polynesia, goes on land to take the high chieftain of the area, Kalani'?pu'u-a-Kaiamamao, toasty.
The chieftain can be taken along without protest this year, but a large group of Hawaiians are beginning to gather on the shore where Cook is headed (the Hawaiians have probably found out what is really going on at the time). He' s trying to get to the nave in despair, but he can't, just because the greatest British discoverer and one of the best yachtsmen in the story can't swimm.....
It was the disastrous end of this incident that transformed the course of time and shaped the destiny of the Hawaiian population. Returning to England, the UK mission spreads information about a paradisiacal Pacific islands and tells of the barbarian men who killed James Cook and the need to "civilize" them.
In Hawaii, a young, wild-looking chieftain called Kamehameha is observing the Europeans' coming and the conflicts they have caused. Before the captain's demise, Kamehameha paid a visit to Cook in his vessel to see how it was built and to see first-hand the might of Europe's weapons. He seemed to know from the minute he saw all this that acquiring such weapons would give him a great edge in a Hawaiian controlled battle.
Cook's arrival in Hawaii marked the most bloody era in the archipelago's annals. Each of the islands became a theatre of battle, where rival chieftains competed for control of the whole series. A reigning chieftain of Big Iceland passed away in 1782, giving Kamehameha the chance to begin his ascent to might.
This proved its worth and soon Big Iceland was in his hand. This was the period when misfits came back to the Isle, just as Kamehameha had foretell. The British first came, then in 1790 two US vessels, the Fair America and the Eleanora. They were looking for a high-priced, scented sandal that grew on the hillsides of the Big Iceland volcano and exchanged the Supreme Chief's weapons for entry to the rain forest.
In January 1790 they reached the Isle of Maui and were received by the chieftain Kame'eiamoku. Hawaiians have taken a small barge out of vengeance and murdered one of the seamen who watched over it. Metcalfe deceived the village inhabitants to deal with him, and when they came with goods in their rafts, Metcalfe ordered all his guns to be fired, thereby murdering at least 100 men (later called the Olowalu massacre by historians).
A few desperate days later, the Fair American arrives on the Hawaiian Isle, where Kame'eiamoku sets a snare to conquer the world. Killing all crew members abroad, he took the only remaining Isaac Davis held to ransom. Another seaman, John Young, was taken prisoner as Eleanora headed for Big Iceland in quest of his lost Gemini.
Both came into the hand of Kamehameha, who made them a bargain they could not refuse - the kings will save their life and in exchange both men should remain and Kamehameha should act as strategic and policy advisors. In the following years Young and Davis assisted the Emperor in trade with Europeans and Americans, teaching him Old Wold army science and warfare.
Kamehamehaha was so intrigued by English civilization that he even dressed like a European. He soon became Britain's largest Hawaiian trade associate, replacing sand-wood and groceries with nothing but weapons. With the help of overseas technologies he became the aim to unite the island and make it part of the United Kingdom.
1794 the Isle of Maui with the neighbouring Molokai, Lanai and Kahoolawe came under his rulers. Just one year later (exact data is uncertain) his military arrived on the coast of Oahu and quickly captured the Isle and won a pivotal fight in Nu'uanu. It was the bloody war in Hawaii, with up to 1000 fatalities that night.
Kamehameha's victory in Oahu leaves only the last two islands - Kauai and Nihau. At this point Kamehameha realised that the only way to bring Kauai under his rule might be to diplomate, so he came to Kaumuali'i with a proposal - if the high chieftain of Kauai joins Kamehameha and recognises his rule, he will keep it.
Kaumali'i consented to complete Kamehameha's "unification" of the Hawaiian islands. The Kingdom of Hawaii, under the reign of King Kamehameha I. King Kamehameha's first enactment was a peaceful agreement that said that from the time the Kingdom of Hawaii was founded, no conflict would disturb the new order.
But soon a time of peace threatened by a German by the name of Georg Anton Schäffer, who came to Hawaii in 1815 as leader of the Russian-American company and wanted to conquer the island with the help of the Soviet warships. He was unhappy from the beginning because he was no good for King Kamehameha's armies.
This event led the king to distinguish himself more from external invaders and to look for associates who were respectful of Hawaii's sovereignty. It' s noteworthy that despite the adaptation of Western culture, politics and warfare, Kamehameha also complied with Hawaii's tradition of religious belief and law. In general, the hood system was created to get the common man to show respectfulness and minister to Ali'i (chieftains).
In addition, hood was used to administer and preserve ressources (it was kilo to feed certain foods and capture certain seafood at certain hours of the year), as well as to restrict entry to some places on the isle. Today we may consider the Hood system barbarous, but it has successfully established order in Hawaiian societies, managed the use of our planet's resource and somehow restricted inter-class conflict for centuries.
Kamehameha reigned the Hawaiian people for nine years from its foundation in 1810 and passed away on May 8, 1819 from an unidentified illness. Kamehameha made one of his son Liholiho the heir to the throne before his time. It would be the first women in Hawaii's story to serve in government.
While Kamehameha clearly expressed his will to make Ka'ahumanu the king's adviser, she quickly ruled young Liholiho by removing practically all authority and making herself the only emperor of Hawaii. The old Hawaiian custom says that after the chief's demise, his country should be evenly distributed among the high wardens.
This was a challenge for both Ka'ahumanu and Liholiho, who did not want their lands taken away from them. Ka'ahumanu had only one way to preserve her heritage - to annihilate the Hawaii Trust, a behavior of law that had been practised for 2000 years - and she took the dramatic step and again changed the course of Hawaiian evolution. a'ahumanu asked a man to dine with her, thereby violating one of the holiest chapuses of Hawaiian people.
Ka'ahumanu basically ruined the tradition their forebears had when they first established a foothold on Hawaiian land, a doctrine that was handed down through generation and the only way of living that the Hawaiian population knew. Liholiho's humble brother Liholiho's humble brother Liholiho's sister was on a quest to topple the new colon.
Unfortunately, the enemy had no opportunity in a struggle with the King's firearm troops and in a stream of bloody water that sank the old Hawaiian civilization and faith. For the second year in its existence, the city of Cambodia was undergoing an irrevocable transformation and change. Ka'ahumanu's victorious position on the Hawaiian crown consolidated and forced mankind to adjust to the new realities or even death without accepting them.
Meanwhile, 5,000 leagues away, a young Hawaiian by the name of Henry Opukahaia gave a talk at Yale College - a talk that proved an excellent apology for financing an US mission to the Hawaiian archipelago. He was a Big Island inhabitant who as a young boy was aboard an US vessel during the Kamehameha War.
The Hawaiian boy Dwight chose to "civilize" him and teach him British philology and other topics in the then syllabus of the local city. He was supposed to be a bright student - he almost completed the translation of the Hawaiian translation into writing and made the first edition of the English-Hawaiian glossary. He successfully attempted to translated the "Book of Genesis" of the Bible into Hawaiian, bringing the seeds of the notion of converting the "pagan" Hawaiians to Christianity.
The year 1819, a year of the year of the Kamehameha killing, a vessel by the name of Thaddeus set sail from Boston with congregational missionsaries. It reached the coast of Big Isl. on March 30, 1820. Nevertheless, four other Hawaiian convertes, who acted as missionary interpreters and leaders, came to the Hawaiian Isle.
Americans were unaware Hawaii was in a worship uproar when they first came. This proved to be an ideal occasion to present Jesus Christ to the Hawaiians and to question their destiny. Christianity was just as opportunist for Queen Ka'ahumanu, as it would ensure her rule over the Kingdom of Hawaii. It enabled aliens to construct and later convert to Christianity on their islands, which changed the religion on the archipelago.
The Hawaiians adopted Christianity quite quickly, perhaps not only because of Jesus' teaching, but also because of a scriptural idiom they did not comprehend. With the help of some bilingual Hawaiians, the Hawaiian Missionary standardised the Hawaiian script and built the script from only twelve letters - 7 syllables and 5 vocals.
Hawaiians were so keen to read and write that the Kingdom of Hawaii had the low literacy rates of all known countries in the history of the kingdom in 1831. Ka'ahumanu used her new adopted faith to change rules and practices to abolish the Hawaiian way of living (or rather, the little that was remaining).
The practice of all aspects of Hawaiian civilization was forbidden (even hula dancing was forbidden). The missionary aim of erasing all tracks of "barbaric rituals" from Hawaiian heads soon seemed to have been achieved. Amazingly, something else happened - scientists on the Isle of Maui used their recently gained writing skills and went to the oldest, the last true generations to have the Hawaiian people's histories and customs in their souls.
Pupils have written down an incredible amount of information and it is thanks to them that we have such in-depth information about the Hawaiian population. More importantly, she tightened ties with the West and signed a trading contract that enabled US vessels to call at all Hawaiian islands harbours to do commercial work.
The Americans came in masses - the same year that Ka'ahumanu passed away, a missionary had his present on every large island of Hawaii. Kamehameheha II Bruder, Keaweawe?ula K?wala?? Kauikeaouli Kaleiopapa took the seat after his brother's 1824 deaths. Following his mother's will, he further strengthened his relations with the West by hugging Christianity and permitting aliens to transform the country that his forebears found 1400 years ago.
Oahu, the most important harbour of the Hawaiian people and the centre of American, Bulgarian, English and Spanish migrants. You were here to remain and soon appeared on the Hawaiian theater. An adviser to Kamehameha III, a Missionary called William Richards, suggested a charter to the new Emperor to ensure the independence of the empire.
It was at this point that the super powers of the earth regarded the city as a valuable land mass to be acquired. In 1843, the United States declared that it would never allow a country in the Hawaiian empire to infringe Hawaiian liberty (oh darling irony).
The Americans quickly shifted their mind when they found out that Pearl Harbor (named after an oyster population in the area) would be an ideal place for navies' bases. As a result, they continue to shape Hawaiian policy and gain more positions in the Hawaiian state. This in turn led to a string of Hawaiians' protest, who were unfortunate to see foreign nationals as their decision-makers.
Kamehameheha III did not seem to obey his own nation and in 1845 passed a bill that allowed foreigners to become Hawaiian nationals. New Westerners wanted the opportunity to buy and sale property, while Hawaiians were unfamiliar with the idea of proprietors. However, the 1848 Hawaiian reallocation bill known as Mahele was no less than disproportionate - most of Hawaii ended up in the possession of the kings, chieftains and the Hawaiian authorities, with Hawaiians accounting for less than 1% of the population.
Moreover, the Mahele Act permitted aliens to buy lands that had been plundered by whites by purchasing vast areas for almost nothing. Until 1850, Hawaiians had practically no country to call their own. The geo-political position in the Hawaiian region changed as early as 1845, when the American Board of Foreign Missions passed the information on to and ordered them home.
They chose the later one that ushered in an agricultural period in the Hawaiian Islands - vast expanses of land were levelled and cleared from the rainforest to pick up crop plants, mainly pineapples and canes. New industries provided luck for land owners, while Hawaii's indigenous population shrank due to disease and poor health coverage for migrants.
It was around this period that first discussions about the Hawaiian accession (acquisition of the country by another, bigger state) were made. Practically all governments were Americans and so most of them were landlords, so it seemed unavoidable to declare the country as US-Territorial. Kamehameheha was the last kings of the Kamehamehea family without a name. He passed away on December 11, 1872.
For this reason, a new sovereign would have to be selected by the legislative, which consists of surviving members of the regal kin. Lunalillo William Charles, whose grandpa was half-brother of Kamehameha I, was selected but less than 2 years later passed away from TB. One side was Queen Emma, a Kamehameha IV dowager who favoured the English Empire, and the other was David Kal?kaua, a high chieftain backed by the Americans in the Hawaiian state.
Voters named Kal?kaua the new leader, despite the protest of the indigenous Hawaiians and UK minority groups on the islands who supported Queen Emma. "The Kalakaua (PP-96-11-001)" by unlisted - Hawaii State Archives. Soon after his ascension to the US crown, Kal?kaua went to Washington DC to see the US presidency and discuss a reciprocal agreement that guarantees Hawaiian exports to get to the US soil tax-free.
In addition, there is the situation in this part of the globe in the Hawaiian region (halfway between America and East Asia) and one of the best (if not even the best) strategical positions in this part of the globe. At the time of the renewal of the reciprocal agreement, the US administration made an update to the Kingdom of the Republic of Hawaii and the agreement would be prolonged for an indefinite period in return for Pearl Harbor's use only.
Surprisingly for the US, Kal?kaua did not signed the treaty, which upset the US élite lobbies so much that they formed an opposing political group - the Hawaiian League. It was the aim of the new political group to to bring down the dominant empire and substitute it with a US-backed state. The Hawaiian League has since its inception begun to criticize Kal?kaua by saying that it is corrupt and incapable of maintaining the Kingdom's wellbeing.
A certain man, Walter Murray Gibson, an American who was in the administration of the realm as prime minister of Kal?kaua, was open against the Hawaiian League. He was quickly the rival of the Hawaiian League No. 1 and his politics put him in an infamous state. Mr. Gibson was a believer in Hawaii's sovereignty and the archipelago's right to self-government, although he also knew that the Hawaiian Empire needed an Alliance that could protect the country from the world's super powers.
Both he and Kal?kaua were planning to reinforce Japan's island footprint in the hopes that Japan would join the empire. As the Hawaiian League found out that Kal?kaua was intriguing against them, their strategies moved from negotiation to demand. It was they who chose to take Hawaii by force. Hawaii? A group of gunmen, the Honolulu Rifles, under the leadership of the Hawaiian League, walked to the King's residence on July 6, 1887 to present the new charter.
Posted on the previous eve, it was to fetch sweeping changes to the Hawaiian nation - a constituent monarchy would substitute current regimes (virtually removing the sovereign of all power) and United States would win exclusive right to enlist Pearl Harbor. Out of fear of his own demise, Kal?kaua autographed the paper and inadvertently ended the Hawaiian monarchy's reign over the country and its population.
Destroyed by these recent incidents, the Emperor undertook a journey to California in the hope of recovering and coming back to try to regain the might that was taken away from him by force. On January 29, 1891, King's Sr. Lili'uokalani was called to the crown by the new state. The Hawaiian League chose Queen Lili'uokalani with care to "smile and watch" as her country is changed irrevocably by the interest of the USA.
Members of the League were optimistic that Lili'uokalani as a female can be tampered with and will do anything they tell her to do. In addition, the indigenous Hawaiian community was in dramatic depletion (becoming a minority on their own lands at the end of the XIXth century), and the Hawaiian league took its domination for granted. and the Hawaiian league took its domination for granted. 2.
In the meantime Her Majesty has proved to be more than just a marionette for the league. The act was a frustrating experience for the Hawaiian League, whose commission advised the Queens that they would not approve their new state. Hawaii Kingdom Marshal Charles Burnett Wilson, who is trying to rescue the queen, asked for arrests for the three members of the Security Commission after he was told of their intentions to overthrow the Hawaii administration and place Hawaii under the laws of war.
The turn of events prompted a reaction from the committee and asked US Secretary of State John L. Stevens to reject Wilson's demands. They also turned to Stevens in quest of government security while they planned to take over from the Queen. As Stevens consented to sending help, 162 US gliders and marines with guns entered the harbour of Honolulu on January 16, 1893, soon stationed near the Kings Palace.
They were still thought by the Queen that the Americans would declare her president after they had replaced the policy framework, but instead a new provisional administration was established on 17 January under the direction of one of the members of the Committee for Security - Sanford B. Dole - who declared himself president. Soon the new administration began to move forward with the US annexation and sent a committee to the President of the United States, Benjamin Harrison, to renegotiate a covenant.
And even he changled his opinion after an U.S. Congress formal write-up (called the Morgan Report) declared that there was utterly no U.S. Army participation in the incidents that led to the downfall of the Kingdom of Hawaii. Cveland withdrew his queen recovery plan and considered the Provisional Government a legitimate and acceptable body over Hawaii.
The Hawaiian islands became the official Republic of Hawaii on July 4, 1894. A last effort to rebuild the Austro-Hungarian Empire came from a German-born lender and proprietor of one of the biggest Hawaiian plantations, Mr. Claus Spreckels. It funded and fostered rebel forces that devised a scheme to overthrow the new state.
Several hundred men, led by Hawaiian-born Robert William Wilcox, walked to the Royal Palace in the hopes of re-establishing order, but they were no match for the Republican Armed Forces. Spreckel himself escaped for the sake of criminal justice and all the guilt was on Queen Lili'uokalani. She was heartbroken and accepting her loss and the end of the Hawaiian kingdom by signed a paper that took all power away from her....
Then she travelled to Washington DC in the hope that she could persuade the US presidency to rebuild her state. It put the Hawaii concept to a referendum for the Congress and, despite Lili'uokalani's attempts to prevent this, Congress members approved the annex. The Hawaiian Islands became an official U.S. territorial area on August 12, 1898.
Although the Hawaii annexation was authorized by the US Congress, the world' s politics did not recognize the islands as lawfully purchased land. A few years after annexing, the US Navy began the complete redesign of Pearl Harbor - a former merchant harbour since the Hawaiians traded with the Europeans and now turned into a building area for a state-of-the-art army outpost.
Meanwhile, the burgeoning diabetes sector in conjunction with new legislation has triggered a surge of immigrants to the islands - blue-collar worker from all over the world - Japan, Korea, the Philippines, Spain, Penguin, Germany, Russia and England have come to Hawaii in quest of a better world. The First World War had no great influence on the US economies, the growth of the flourishing apple and syrup production, brought new inhabitants to the islands and strengthened its population.
U.S.-Japanese relationships worsened when Congress adopted the 1924 Migration Act, which restricted the number of migrants who could be accepted into the United States and its lands each year to 2% of the population of a particular nation already living in the United States. This act prohibited practically all Japan's migration to the USA (at that point the Japans were the biggest ethnic minorities in the US area of Hawaii and even surpassed the Hawaiian population).
The US Congress imposes on the Empire hugely reliant on US fuel in the hope that it would slow its economies and prevent Japan from taking over the Pacific Islands. At the end of 1939, the US government began discussions about a possible conflict with the Empire. At 7 December 1941 at 7:55 a.m., the Empire attacked the United States naval station at Pearl Harbor on O'ahu lsland in 183 combat aircraft and six bomber aircraft (the Empire navy was moving with an ongoing gale and held silent to escape detection).
At 8:30 a.m. the second tide came with the task of destroying all US battleships, especially the warship USS Arizona, which at that point was one of the most modern battleships in the underworld. Japan's assault on Pearl Harbor, which took less than two hour to be one of the most effective strategic missions in humanity.
More than 2,500 persons were killed, among them 2,400 members of the armed forces. Today the remnants of the USS Arizona battleship can be seen in the USS Arizona Memorial on the Isle of O'ahu. The city of Hawaii has seen dramatic changes since the Pearl Harbor assault. The Hawaiians reacted unexpectedly well to the laws of war, bringing together and organizing volunteer groups to help with convalescence and prepare for possible further aggression.
In addition, many men and woman of the Hawaiian residence were fighting alongside US troops in the Pacific theatre of conflict. Disadvantage of the continuing conflict with Japan was that many immigrant Japanisans who live and work in the Hawaiian Islands became the targets of repression, lamentation and mistrust. By sending persons of Japaneese origin to transfer centres, the economy of the region experienced an economical catastrophe and many farms went into bankruptcy due to labour shortages.
Hawaii's final story begins with the downfall of the Japanese Empire in 1945. Just one year later the concept was conceived to integrate Hawaii as a state into the Union. The consequences of the Second World War, the breakdown of the world economic system and the threat of a threatening armed struggle with a new, established Soviet regime destroyed the effort to finally re-establish the Kingdom of Hawaii.
Struggling alongside Americans to exterminate their shared enemies, the Hawaiians demonstrated their allegiance to the United States. Quite the opposite, the US mainlanders were sceptical about Hawaii as a state because of its racist variety (segregation was still a fact in America after the Second World War), especially that a large proportion of the inhabitants of the island were of Japan.
In the early 1950' US Hawaiian civil servants sent many petitions to US leaders asking for a state, but it was not until 1954 that these petitions were taken seriously. This year, the Democratic Party of Territory of of Hawaii won the parliamentary elections and won the majorities in both Parliament and Senate. With their advanced opinions, combined with a range of reform in the fiscal, educational and labour divisions, they received the backing of the indigenous Hawaiians and other minority immigrants on the islands.
Introducing trade unionism called into question the oligarchical nature of the Hawaiian business community (which had complete command over giant companies known as the "Big Five") and gave individuals the right to voice their criticisms of the leadership of the territory outright. In the Hawaiian nationality movement, with the help of almost all Hawaiians, this change in the Islander's civic environment continued.
On August 21, 1959, the final objective was reached when US President Dwight D. Eisenhower issued a declaration accepting the country into the Union - the United States was redesigned to receive its fiftieth asterisk and complete the long journey from the Kingdom of Hawaii to the nation. Though now formally a part of the United States, the Hawaiian economy is becoming a country of opportunities for US capital.
Civil airlines have entered Hawaii as a "bridge" between North America and East Asia. The Pan American World Airways proves to be the greatest gamer and promotes Hawaii as an exciting traveler. Originally a luxurious commodity that only the wealthiest in the United States could have afforded, declining fuel costs and advances in technology in the aviation sector are opening the door to heaven for more and more adventurers.
In 1961 the 1961 play "Blue Hawaii" with the young Elvis Presley (who later performed in two other films in Hawaii) made it clear that the state of the state of hawaii is to be regarded as "heaven on earth". History eventually takes us to today's Howaii. Eight major islands (Kauai, O'ahu, Maui, Moloka'i, Lanai and Hawai'i), one privately owned (Ni'ihau) and one uninhabitated (Kaho'olawe) make up the state of Hawai'i.
Honolulu, the main and biggest town of the islands, has more than 390,000 inhabitants (2010 census) and 950,000 inhabitants. After Hawaii was recognized as a state in 1959, it became its biggest economic sector and accounted for almost a fourth of the state GSP. Daily routines have dramatically shifted since 1950 - each of the islands has a system of paving streets and motorways, power and other contemporary amenities, just like the continent.
However because of the fact that many individuals are dreaming of relocating to Hawaii, the state has some of the highest cost of Living compared to the United States. Hawaii is one of the top ten "happiest states" in America and it's difficult to understand why - nowhere else can you find good year round temperatures, beautiful sandy beach, pristine water and beautiful tropic leaves.
It is called by some the best place on earth to live (we agree). Once you have reached this point in the paper (thanks for reading!), it is clear to see that Hawaii has a wealthy and interesting story. Since the Polynesians came on their wood boats to live on the islands, the country and its inhabitants have undergone huge, drastic changes, each one adapting to the new world.
When I read about Hawaii's story, the recurring issue that crosses my head is: "How do Hawaiians see the United States' involvement in making their home? "Since I am not a Hawaiian myself, I cannot directly respond to this issue, yet I can give my modest view on the basis of what I have known.
There is one thing for sure - there is no question that Hawaii has been illegal and has been annulled by the US government against the will of the Hawaiians. President Bill Clinton in 1993 passed a law apologising formally for the US involvement in the fall of the Hawaiian kingdom in 1893. What is interesting is that this law was seen more as an formal acknowledgement of a historic incident than any kind of Hawaiian reimbursement for U.S. government deeds.
Hawaii, on the other hand, leads to state identity and all the advantages of being part of one of the wealthiest countries in the Pacific (Hawaii has the highest standards of life of all Pacific islands). I have the following opinion: it is the truth that Hawaii could have been a completely different country without the participation of the United States in its policies, but I very much question whether it could ever remain a supreme insular country that once was by following the historic road that made the islands what we are now.
While we cannot re-write the story, instead, under the guidance of the United States, it will remain a place of wonder and dreaming that we all dear.