How many Islands are there in SamoaIn Samoa, how many islands are there?
The Samoa Tsunami: Islands judge how fast they can recuperate.
In the South Pacific last weeks aftermath of the tsunami and earthquakes, with little expectation of further survival, government and relief agencies are evaluating the scale of the damages and changing equipment for the next period of recovery: the rehabilitation of homes and their livelihood. It is likely that the rehabilitation effort will take a number of month, especially in Samoa, the country most affected by the catastrophe.
In addition to the challenges of reconstructing whole communities, civil servants are worried about the effects of the devastating tidal wave on tourists, the country's major industries. A minimum of 135 persons, seven of them foreign, were murdered on Samoa's major isle, Upolu, along with 32 in neighbouring American Samoa, an area of the United States, and nine in Tonga, a southern archipelago.
The reconstruction of Samoa is made easier by the fact that the scale of the relief efforts is large but limited to one area, said Peter Muller, the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs counsel. The effects were less severe in America Samoa, where relief efforts are controlled by the US Federal Emergency Management Agency.
Over 2,000 Americans live in shelter. Power and plumbing in about half of the affected areas in Samoa and American Samoa have been re-established. 40 towns in Samoa - albeit some very small ones - were hit by the tsunamis that crashed on land last Tuesday, Muller says.
This coastline with its sandy beach is one of Samoa's most visited tourist attractions. However, Mrs Sass explained to AP that many visitors did not notice that only a relatively small area was affected. Reconstruction is not only a logistic but also a mental and physical problem. Samoans are afraid to return to the coastline because they fear that the sea will be fatal again.
The Sailor or Samoan, Islands, September 1895-October 1895
Usually the[Samoan] indigenous people are friendly and welcoming to the oldest when they are traveling among them. The oldest live in the assembly houses, which are usually divided into two rooms, the smaller of which is used as a home by the oldest and the bigger is reserved for assembly use.
Ancient people have learnt from many years of practical knowledge that this type of nutrition is better for them and more healthy in the tropical regions than import or exporting. On the various islands, the brothers usually walk, sometimes in small vessels, along the coast, but the latter is extremely dangerous and has been dispirited in recent years.
On the way from isle to isle, the trips are often free with the trade in schooner and other small boats; in other cases they must be paid. While in Fagali'i, Samoa, I gathered historic information from the documents of the missions, supported by Elder William G. Sears, the Secretariat of the Missions.
Continuing my work last night, I also went to the personal burial ground situated on a mound about three hundred meters south-east of the Fagali'i cemetary ('photo of Fagali'i cemetery), where the terrestrial relics of Elder Ransom M. Stevens, Sister Ella A. Moody and three of Elder Thomas H. Hilton's kids and his wifes are sheltered.
and Sister Moody on May 24, 1895. Sister Kate E. Merrill passed away in 1891, but the remnants were taken home by her late wife when he came back from his 1894 missions.
Nurse Merrill was the first of our misionaries to die in Samoa. In comparison to the times and numbers, the Samoan Quest record more dead among our missions than any other missions we have founded as a congregation so far - an eldest, two missionsisters and three ministers in seven years by eighty missionsaries sent from Zion to work in Samoa and Tonga since 1888.
Samoan Mission includes two important groups of the South Pacific Islands, namely: Samoa, or the Navigator Islands, and Tonga, or the Friendly Islands. Currently 33 Zion ancients are working as evangelists on the two groups, 23 in Samoa and 10 in Tonga. Out of those who work in Samoa, 11 work on the Isle of Upolu, 6 on Savai'i and 6 on Tutuila.
The Church has 11 offices organised on a recurring basis, which also comprise so many standing missions, each of which has two oldest, except for the Fagali'i Head Office, where three are currently based, among them the Pres. of the Missions. All of these places or branch offices host Sabbath gatherings on a daily basis - and in some Sunday schools they are led and led by the oldest, but supported by local holy people.
The 1894 statistic reports indicate that at the beginning of this year there were 263 local ministers in the Missions, 147 men and 116 women. Among the local brothers were 25 clergy, 4 of whom were elder, 2 clergy, 13 teacher and 6 Deacon. Out of the aforementioned indigenous holy ones, 97 were on the Isle of Upolu, 84 on Tutuila and Aunu' u, 71 on Savai'i and 11 in Tonga.
In addition, there are 107 members of the Church, 42 in Upolu, 27 in Tutuila, 32 in Savai'i and 6 in Tonga. From the foundation of the Missions in Samoa in 1888, all three main island communities (Upolu, Savai'i and Tutuila) have been served, most of them several time.
Ancients who are based in the various Samoa offices do not limit their work to the particular town where the meeting house or head office is situated, but expand their activities to the area. All the villages on the three islands mentioned are involved in one of the missions.
Usually the locals are friendly and welcoming to the oldest when they are traveling among them. The oldest live in the assembly houses, which are usually divided into two rooms, the smaller of which is used as a home by the oldest and the bigger is reserved for assembly use.
Ancient people have learnt from many years of practical knowledge that this type of nutrition is better for them and more healthy in the tropical regions than import or exporting. On the various islands, the brothers usually walk, sometimes in small vessels, along the coast, but the latter is extremely dangerous and has been dispirited in recent years.
On the way from isle to isle, the trips are often free with the trade in schooner and other small boats; in other cases they must be paid. In Samoa there are no interinsular steamships. Most Samoan women have got marriages with whom the whites are generally good to the oldest and have shown them many deeds of friendliness.
Germans make up the majority of the German people in Samoa. They are followed by the English and Americans, and there are also a few Scandinavians. There are seven men who were baptised in Samoa. I can also say that from 1888, when the missions first opened, until the end of 1894, 342 people were baptised in the Samoan missions, 37 on the Isle of' Junu'u, 103 on Tutuila, 111 in Upolu, 78 on Savai'i and 12 in the Tongan part of the missions.
Christening in Samoa. Samoa Aborigines are a delicate breed of humans that are as beautifully flayed as the Hawaiian and Tonga indigenous peoples. However, while the Tongans are forced by legislation to protect their body from their shoulders to their knees, there is no such legislation in Samoa. Samoa has very good possibilities to earn a living in the local way.
The meat is used by the locals in the cooking of many of their "rare dishes". In recent years, at various stages, when the islands were hit by storms that blew all the breadfruits and coconut away and often grew or cut down the tree themselves, humans were cut to a point of hunger until they could grow and harvest the banana or until the next fruit of bread was ripe.
There, they always have a year's worth of supplies and have thus managed to escape starvation. Following the same principles that Samoa's cuisine is so simple to obtain, the locals also want to ensure as simple a treatment as possible. This is why our ancestors, with their pragmatic religions and their "doctrines of belief and work", find it difficult to convert.
The" way to heaven" by sectarianism alone is usually very much favored by the people of the Southern Seas. Apia roadlife. The following is taken from a Samoan geographical study and many other resources that appeared in 1887: Samoan group is located between southern degree of latitude 13´ and 14 and western degree of latitude 169´´ and 172´´.
There are ten populated islands in the group and a number of very small, uninhabited islands. It is 265m from the Manu'a group, which lies furthest eastward, to the most western point of Savai'i, the Isle. On the eastern side the following are named: Ta'u, Olosega, Ofu, Aunu' u, Tutuila, Nu'utele, Upolu, Manono, Apolima and Savai' i.
All islands have a surface area of 1,650 sq. m. and a population of 34,000. These three islands - Upolu, Savai'i and Tutuila - are by far the biggest and most important and contain the most population. Surprisingly, Samoa can be considered one of the most beautiful, pleasant and prolific South Seas groups.
The islands that belong to the Samoan group are all vulcanic, and their look is charming in many places, where the delicate, fruitful plain extends to the base of the woody hill. Samoan Islands are severely affected by cyclones because they are so close to the Ecuador, where the catastrophic winds are notorious.
By April 1850, the capitol (Apia) was almost completely devastated, and the horrific storms of 15 and 16 March 1889, during which seven US and Germans prisoners of war were partially or completely devastated, is a fact that is still remembered by newsmen. Seismic events are also common in Samoa, but not very serious; and they do little harm due to the resilience and thickness of the local homes, which are built entirely of poles and lightweight chevrons.
Samoans are among the most beautiful of all Polish breeds; and although they are not as far developed in the art and manufacture as some of their neighbours, Samoans outdo them all in many qualities of a racial civilisation. Samoa has seen a strong increase in business interests, and the majority of Hamburg's trade-related businesses in Germany were followed by a well-regulated local population.
Apia's port (photo of Apia) is of great importance because it has become a trading centre for the products of all the other Pacific islands, Tahiti and the neighbouring group, with the sole exception of Apia. However, the lack of labour is a major barrier to the economic production of palms in Samoa.
In order to meet this need, the inhabitants of the Carolines, Gilbert and Marshall Islands have been imported many times in recent years, with colonists under contract for four or five years. The United States took over the Samoan group' s protection in 1872 and set up a coal feeding post in the port of Pago Pago on the Isle of Tutuila; but in recent years Germany and Britain have gained ground, and the Americans have almost retreated from the game.
Ta'u, the most eastern of the three islands in the Manu'a group, is six nautical mile long and four and a half nautical mile broad; the highest point of the isle, which is volcanically formed like the neighbouring islands, is 2,520 soaring. Olosega, a small triangle islet, is three and a half leagues to the west.
Just to the western side, and only a small canal separates it from Olosega, lies Ofu, another small islet about two kilometres long from the eastern to the western side. There are about 1,800 people living on these three islands. This Samoan group takes its name from an ancient line of monarchs who reigned Manu'a and who each took the name Moa in turn.
In Samoan, the suffix "Sa" means "from" or "belonging". In Samoan traditions, the Manu'a group was the first of the islands living in Samoa today. That suggests that the first colonists in Samoa came from the eastern part of the country. This group also includes the residents who have maintained the Samoan languages.
So is Savai'i, while the other islands are more or less spoiled. It is sixty leagues westward of the Manu'a group and is seventeen leagues long and six leagues broad. Matafao is the highest point of the archipelago, 2,340 ft above the surface.
Pago Pago Harbour on the southern coastline of the Isle is one of the deepest and most secure nature harbours in the Southern Pacific. Tutuila people's dialects have recently changed in some ways, including the replacement of the k character by b like the Hawaiians; for example, tagsata (man), as previously wrote, is now spelt cagaka.
" Currently, six Zion Ancients are working on Tutuila Isle, in twos at their missionaries. They are in the town of Pago Pago, which lies at the port of this name on the southern side; Vatia on the opposite side of the isle, about three northeastern mile; and Alao near the eastern end of the isle on the southern shore.
Just southwards of the eastern end of Tutuila and about a nile away is the small Aunu' u Isle, where Elder Joseph H. Dean began his work in 1888 with the opening of the Samoan Mission. There is only one town on this tiny little isle, just three leagues away.
The chieftain, but not the biggest of the Samoan group, is divided from Tutuila by a thirty-five mile canal. It is forty-four nautical mile long from north to south with an avarage width of thirteen mile. This is the capital of Apia, where almost the whole of the group's expatriate people live.
Talua, the main summit, is 2,500 ft high and is located about 20 km from Apia, near the western end of the isle. Upolu's total populace is about 15,600, or almost half of the group's total populace, Lanoto'o is the name of a lovely fresh water pond located about ten leagues up-country from Apia, near the centre of the isle and near the peaks of the fell.
Many creeks and a series of lovely falls, the most important of which is Fuipisia, where a well-dimensioned brook falls over a 720 foot high chasm. Autumn is near the eastern end of the isle. The Samoan Mission is headquartered in the home town of Fagali'i, on the northern shore about two and a half leagues eastward of Apia.
There is a four-room framework with an adjacent galley, all located in a coir forest almost one meter above the high water mark, and about six poles from the shore. Just westwards of the residence is the meeting place, which has been constructed in a unique architectural pattern from the first Samoa ancients.
It is 38x18 metres in size and is a prime example of nine other Latter-day meeting houses in Samoa. In Upolu there are four other mission posts where the oldest are constantly in twos. There is one in Lalovi, a small town on the westernmost tip of Upolu, another in Si'umu on the southern side of the isle, opposite the Fagali'i hills and about 20 mi from this place, and another stop is in the Lepa area, near the eastern end of the isle, about 35 mi from Siumu.
In Sale'a'a'aumua, at the eastern end of the isle, a new meeting house has just been opened. Before the eastern end of Upolu, about half a nautical league away, is the small isle of Nu'utele with only a few family. It' about two mileage.
Directly south-east is the still smaller Namu'a which has been lived in by a small group of Germans for 22 years. Just a little bit northerly of these two small islands are two uninhabitated rocky islands. To the west of Upolu, and divided by a two mile canal, is another small populated isle, Manono, known for its valiant fighters and striking for the lack of bed-war.
Though only four leagues around, the isle contains several towns. Approximately two leagues northeast of Manono lies the smaller Isle of Apolima with only one town. Manono and Apolima both lie in the 10 nautical league that divides the islands of Upolu and Savai'i. Savai'i, the biggest and most westerly of all the islands of the Samoan group, is forty-eight nautical mile east to westerly with an avarage width of twenty-five mils.
There are many extirpated crater, especially the high summit of Mua, which reaches an altitude of about 4,000ft. From A' opo County, a town near the northern coastline, the traveller heads to the interior of the island over an area covered with slag and ash, obviously of very young age. The local stories of the last explosion (which took place only two hundred years ago) are probably true.
There are also many nautical mileage in the north-west of the isle, but little changed, and in the eastern part there is an older and bigger layer of crumbled and sparse greenery. Since there are no ways through the inside, travelling there is very hard. This is where and in some of the more fruitful dales the people of the islands live.
There are six Latter-day seniors constantly on the Isle at three different missionaries. There is one in the town of Sale'aula, at the eastern end of the isle; another is in the northern side of the isle at about thirty-five leagues from the former.
This is the most important and biggest arm of the Samoan mission. There is a third stop or subsidiary in Fogatuli on the southern shore near the western end of the isle. A brother who was visiting Apia told of his returning to Fagali'i that a Lord David Kenison wanted to go sailing with his protector to the Isle of Savai'i and would like to take each of the Ancients for free, a favour he has given them on many previous occasion.
Since Savai'i was one of the islands in my itinerary, Elder Beck and I chose to take the chance to leave Fagali'i in the afternoons. So we had the evenings in the Apia study room and the nights with our boyfriend Mr. Hellesoe.
Obviously, I think that a man who had been a little bit my friend's brother Frances M. Lyman's way would have been sleeping much more comfortably on a sibling. It was my initiation into a Samoan crib, although the locals are sleeping on their gravelly or pebbly soils rather than on wood.
It' is generally mans by Mr. Kenison and his Thomas sons when there is no Mormon elders on board to uphold. We had to leave Apia Bay or the harbour, but at 10:30 am we found ourselves outside the bay and could head directly to Savai'i, whose mountains were visible to the east.
Because of the quietness it was very slowly for a while, but after "Tommy" and a local boy whistling again and again for winds, a nice breezes came up from the eastward side, which immediately inflated the sail and sent us with good velocity to our final place. As Elder Beck tried his hand at the helm, Capt. Kenison and I spoke about the Bible, faith and story until the good master miscalculated and gave Tommy the false order, causing the ship to run aground on the rock, just as we had surely traversed the perilous sandbar at sunset.
There she was until the flood came and took off around noon. In the meantime, Elder Beck himself and I were rowing ashore in the small ship the schooner was carrying. When I saw that the two oldest were at home here, I had the thought of acting wisely by abandoning Elder Beck and presenting myself to the brothers as a foreigner.
Either I was clumsy or my supposed appearance and my deeds could not conceal my real personality as a Mormon eldest, for as soon as I entered the room, although he had not seen me before, of course I was welcomed by the greeting of my brother Jeff.
" And so I went in, and Brother Beck followed, and we enjoyed an enjoyable night with the brothers after eating breadfruits and with them. Lewis B. Burnham leads the mission work on the Isle of Savai'i and also leads the Salelavalu ward, supported by his co-worker Elder George S. Burnham.
The daytime trip was a 35 mile drive. me and Elder Beck were the spokespersons. At the end of the encounter we went to the home of Brother Fred Kenison, the only Caucasian member of the church in Salelavalu, and took part in a delicious dinner cooked by Brother Kenison's local family.
By 1:45 pm, we four oldest people got on a small ship occupied by Fred Kenison and his younger brothers George and headed five nautical mile north to the home of Snr. David Kenison Jr. at Tuasivi Point. It was raining all the while we were on the sea, but the ship was moving fast, the winds were coming from the right hand side; and in about three-quarters of an hours after the start we arrived at Tuasivi Point, happily and cheerfully, albeit soaked to the core, and were warmly welcomed by Kenison and his local woman, whose friendly friendship we soon agreed to share.
From 4:00 pm we had a good little get-together at Brother Kenison's home, which was visited by a lot of locals despite the poor weathers. Friar Beck and I were the orators. Now came the plea of a celebrity chieftain from the neighbouring home town that we should meet in his home in the evenings.
Lauate was the name of the leader and the town of Fogapoa. Naturally, the petition was also put together, and in the dark that we found on our way in, nearly a hundred persons gathered, who very carefully read a few comments from Brother Beck, myself, and then heard a strong evangelical discussion from Elder Beck.
Also we showed the chieftains some church relicts and pictures of the albums, which I took with me and departed at a little later in the morning to get a good night's sleep in Brother Kenison's home. I and Elder Beck were on our way to another mission stop about twenty-five leagues away, and to make our hike shorter, it was agreed to take a few leagues by barge as our course was along the water.
So at 8:00 a.m. we started from Tuasivi Point with the intention of taking the ferry for about seven nautical mile; but after we had covered just over half the way, our ferry ran aground, as the flood ran out, we had to end up in Lano where Elder Beck and I left on our long hitch and the other brothers returned by ferry.
We walked about three mile through a series of small towns before reaching the border of the "bush", which is about twelve mile away, and there are no dwellings of any kind. As we were entering this desolate area, a rain shower opened its rage on us, and Elder Beck proposed that we take off all our useless clothes to keep them dried and put them back on after the hurricane.
You could always find a stone to put your feet on; and I believe we never took a leap on the 12 leagues without either setting a leg on a cliff or on a root or overturned tree. There' s no marshland or dusty ground here either.
Now, we finally got through, and then we found ourselves in a Roman Catholics town, where we went into a birthplace and retired, which is the tradition of the area. I' m sure the Salt Lake City vets don't enjoy soda on Old Folks' Days more than we did when we had our homemade droppings of Lealatele town.
When we had a little rest, we started the last six mile of our trip. Eventually we arrived at our goal and amazed the Ancients Christian Jensen Jr. and James C. Knudsen in Saleaula by showing up in the middle of them when they seriously taught a grade of youngsters who taught some of the basics of educating England in the meeting house.
" I and Elder Beck had already run twenty-one mile across the toughest street of the morning; but to persuade ourselves and our mates that we weren't sleepy, we went a mile and a half to a small stream where we took a soak.
I' d been waiting for Brother Beck to say that at first, but he didn't or didn't want to. Almost all the villagers assembled, about 150 of them. This small building was full to the brim, and many could not get access. I had my homily skilfully interpreted by Elder Beck, and we had a great run.
For me, who saw and listened to it for the first in my life, it was very interesting and many of her moves were really charming. Sale'aula is one of the most important mission posts of the Samoan Mission. There are a number of leaders and powerful chieftains among the members of the church; the assemblies and Sunday classes are well visited, as is the afternoon group.
Ancient people working here make great effort to give the young people the gift of the good news and to keep them on the way of good. We' ve written and picked a lot of music, we' ve sung English, Samoan and Dane anthems, we' ve eaten local dishes, we' ve spoken about past, present and future time... and we' ve been lucky.
This was a curious chance that four immediate descendents of the old Nordic "Vikings" were accidentally gathered on one of the South Sea islands, so far away from their ancestral lands. However, this was the case, and while we were in a very interesting cavern or a half a kilometer long subterranean pass in the shrub just behind the town, we made our voice rise and let the cliffs reverberate our attempts to sing "Underlige Aftenlufte", and so on.
We had another good and well visited conference in the evenings, where Elder Beck was the mainnouncer. Elder Beck and I shook hands with the elders Jensen and Knudsen at 7:30 and abandoned her on our way back. Stop in Lealatele to have bread and chocolate and milk; enter the shrub at 9:00am; pass through at 12:30pm; see Elder Lewis B. Burnham in Puapua, the first town to be arrived after crossing the shrub; and then walk with him three mile to a point where the ship that was sent to us was docked.
There, we also encountered Elder George S. Burnham and our young boyfriend George Kenison, who was responsible for the ship. Refreshed with some coir milks, we got on the small ferry and rode about four nautical mile back to Tuasivi Point, where we again participated in the warmth of Brother David Kenison Jr. and his spouse; and at 5:00 pm we resumed our journey by ferry and drove five nautical leagues to Salelavalu, where the local saints under the guidance of Brother Fred Kenison were preparing a party for us.
Thirty five men were seated on the ground of the congregation house to dine, with the oldest at the top of the tables. There was a pre-arranged get-together after the party, at which I talked first and then Elder Beck. Elder Beck and her correspondents, escorted by the two oldest men, Burnham and Brother Fred Kenison, got on Mr. David Kenison's barge at 4:00 pm and drove to Upolu.
Then we headed directly to the small cliffy Isle of Apolima to end up there and stay the nights; but as we approached the Isle, we saw the crushers rolling very high or near the only airstrip, and the dark of the nights, which had also taken up residence on us, Brother Kenison thought it insecure to try to try to end it.
As a result, we shifted course and moved to Manono Isle, which is about two leagues to the south. Arrived at the western shore of the isle we were informed that the town where we were to stay is on the opposite side. Therefore, the oarsmen, tired as they were, resumed their work and paddled around the northern side of the isle.
Finally, we arrived in the town of Saleataua, at the south-east tip of the isle. We' d come about 12 mile. There, we used our mat and our boots and school bags as cushions. Then we got up at day light, worshiped and made a walk around the isle.
There' nine small towns on the whole archipelago we've crossed. We resumed our journey at 8:00 am by paddling two kilometres to Lalovi, one of our mission posts at the western end of Upolu. This is where we encountered the elders Joseph A. Rasband and William A. Moody, who are holding the missionaries' fortress at this point, and I immediately began to work to obtain the necessary historic information and to give the customary accounting manual.
Gradually the locals introduced us to a delicious food made up of bread fruit, sharks, chicken, devilish and another species of sea trout named by the Samoans matus. The two elders Burnham and Fred Kenison left for Savai'i at 2 pm by ferry, and we, who stayed, had a good little get-together with the saints in Lalovi.
Friar Beck and I were the foreplayers. Toward night the elders Beck and Moody set off on the way to Fagali'i on earth and let me go alone on horses the next ore. I and Elder Rasband got up in the light of dawn and went to the neighbour who had told us to use his horses. Only when Elder Rasband had worked him a little coarsely with a "fraction" of a big oak he could be made to begin for Apia.
I found the trip more strenuous than the stroll, but I finally got there. I was preoccupied with the countless towns I had crossed, getting out and climbing railings, clinging to my bag, which I had not fastened to the seat, and trying to show the beast carrying the Mann's manner, while I continued my solitary journey on the small, meandering trail that led in turns through the town and the bus.
After a refreshment with Mr. Hellesoe I went on to Fagali'i, where I noticed that the elders Beck and Moody were a few hour ahead of me. In the aftermath of this journey to Savai'i, which encompasses me like a whole series of experience, I consider myself to be truly privy to Samoan missions and perhaps better equipped to make the story of missions than I was before.
Elder John W. Beck and I abandoned Fagali'i at 3:00 pm to take a tour of Tutuila Isle. We were taken by Elder Kippen to Apia where we climbed a small Tutuila by Thomas Meredith, an Apia dealer. This small trade was mentioned by a German who could pride himself on a Samoan woman with no common personality and a slender, large, very long-legged local of Savage Iceland, who attracted all eyes when his champion Jim was calling, which he did at very brief distances.
The ballasted paddle and two Mormon elder, besides skipper and "Jim", some cooked hananas and other necessities, departed their berths in the port of Apia at 5:00 pm; and after we had hit against the winds for some while, we managed to reach the open sea, where the sea swells were rolling up and the strong the trade winds were threatening to blast us to Savai'i, instead of taking us in the opposite directio to Tutuila.
A journey from Apia to Tutuila therefore usually means three whole nights against the south-easterly winds, while the journey back often takes only a few hour. Although the small jar was thrown back and forth on the face of the great water as she did her best to follow the oar that held her near the breeze, Elder Beck and I were well disposed to the movement.
By sunset, we were only a few steps away from Apia, and the dark was so close to the lonesome ship that even the contours of the next Upolu hills could not be seen. While I was crawling into the small ship that was being held on board, Elder Beck extended himself on one side of the hatch, and only three and a half day later, when the amazed skipper started it in the port of Pago Pago, it was discovered that the mass of my own torso from the remainder of the ship, which was so quickly full of seawater, that Elder Beck and I almost arrived in Tutuila while we swimm.
Early dawn found us against a very soft wind outside the bay of Fagatogo, about fifteen leagues from Apia; and there we stayed all afternoon and enjoyed the "sweet pleasures" of a true Pacifica tranquillity, while we were subjected to the blazing beams of a tropic star that shone through a clear skies. But, since I still clearly remember the strange form of the tooth and pine I had seen in Nukualofa, Tonga, I had no particular wish to subject my own bodies to the soft mercy of such a different pine in the service of a true, living dogfish, not even Brother Beck; so we stayed on board; and I dived only my legs and my forehead in turn in the sands.
However, the master was accursed and accursed in German, Samoan and English, because the winds would not be blowing; and since "Jim" was his only serving man, he became the unfortunate sacrifice to which the commandant turned his splenic. Around around midnight, when the winds refreshed a little from the northern side, we finally managed to clear the eastern end of the Upolu and the two small islands, which lie in front of the eastern point, about 30 kilometres from Apia, and then we set off for Tutuila thirty-five-mile.
During the sunrise, one could clearly see the outline of Tutuila towards the east skyline. In the second half of the evening a breezes had accelerated us a bit, so that in the calm early mornings against the Tradewind we beat a small stretch south of the westernmost point of Tutuila.
It is a hilly and volcanically formed area, most of the coastline is rocky, and the landscape is magnificent and impressive. Then we headed directly for the estuary of Pago Pago harbour throughout Samoa; and at 13:00 we arrived at Fagatogo town, one of the hometowns at the harbour, after covering a 70 mile drive from Apia; but I am sure that 150 leagues would hardly be covered for us who had travelled most of the way against the blow.
I and Fagatogo Elder Beck went a distance around the port's top to the town of Pago Pago, where there is a mission of Latter-day Saints. Our arrivals here were a surprise for the oldest D. Foster Cluff and Abinadi Olsen, two of our Utah oldest who worked in Tutuila because they had not been informed about our planned attendance at that point in it.
Now we had a nice afternoons with our brothers; took part in a good dinner cooked by the local saints, who also warmly welcomed us; had an interesting dinner where Elder Beck and I were the orators; took a fresh dip in the harbour after dark; had a drink with the heads of the villages, some of whom were members of the church; looked through the story into the hours and had a brief night's sleep.
After consultation with the local chieftains the night before, we got up very early to reach Manu'a Isle. After a loyal local bro who took us into the dark around the port's top, we came to a point where one of the villagers boat was in a shed.
There were five locals, all members of the church except one, summoned by our pal Elder Viali. We, Utah oldest (four in number) assisted them to start the ship and collect the tackle; and at 7:00 am we were sailing from Pago Pago, the locals and oldest, who rowed three mile to the estuary of the port where the sail was put in, and the nice ship - so it was, after the sail was quickly thrown over the open sea, but against a rather powerful southeasterly southeaster.
While we had an interesting trip, Elder's Cluff and Olsen, who missed the three-day education that Elder Beck and I had completed, were suffering greatly from Maltese. We were invited to this real Samoan journey by five locals: Teo, Viale, Fiatele, Suega and Tauvaga, the latter being a non-member but a relation of Teo.
A few hour's drive later we arrived at the one and a half kilometre stretch of sea that separated the small Aunu' u from Tutuila's biggest isle; and after the sail was recovered, the locals, supported by the oldest, rode past the northern bank of Aunu' u, through the crushers in safety, and we arrived at the sand beaches of the only town on the isle and pulled the ship behind us.
One of the few members of the Church that remains of the great arm organised here in 1888 by Elder Joseph H. Dean. When we drank a glass of home-cooked homemade chocolate and had a local lunch, we went to Manoa, one of the two Hawaiian oldest people who brought the real Samoa Bible about 33 years ago.
During his mission time, Manoa kept a diary and was able to give detailed information about his work and that of his work colleague, who is now resting under the lawn of Tutuila. We had a good dinner in one of the biggest homes in the town; about seventy-five of the two hundred inhabitants of the town and the isle took part, and me and Mr. Beck were the overrights.
Indigenous people seemed to resurrect in their minds as we approached them, and it may be possible that the Ancients who work on Tutuila and occasionally come to Aunu' u will recognise the brachyce. At the end of the rendezvous, the normal welcome and drink was provided only from our side according to Samoan tradition; and we had a good night's sleep in the same building where we were holding the rendezvous, protecting us from the mosquitos through the essential net.
Waking up early, saying goodbye to our local buddies from Aunu' u, some of whom gave us little presents, starting our vessel, boarding, rowing through the crushers and setting sails, sailing to Pago Pago harbour eight mph.
We only needed an hours with my US clock to go from Aunu' u to the estuary of Pago Pago Mt. Took. As we were reaching the port's estuary, we saw our old buddy Captain Brandt with his spouse and "Jim" and some other travellers who came out with his protector after his comeback to Apia.
We were supposed to leave the night before and join him in Leone, at the western end of the village, but since the night was harsh, he had decided to stay until mornings. That was a stroke of luck for us, as we managed to escape a long walk over the Tutuila hills.
The two ships came together after a great deal of work and some minor risk, and we jumped aboard the ship at an appropriate time as the swell raised us to an appropriate height; and after saying good-bye to the elders Cluff and Olsen and our local saints and acquaintances, we resumed our journey on the ship from the estuary of Pago Pago Harbor.
Sailing 12 mile in two and a half hour in good winds and over a raging lake to Leone, where we anchored at 11:00 a.m. When the protector was due to pick up a load of coppers at this location, all our arms ended up, and Elder Beck and I took it up with Brother James Mackie, a member of the Church in Europe.
Spending the night and night in nice conversations and walking through the biggest in Tutuila. In the centre of the hamlet, the buildings spread out on the beaches and the finely divided Roman Catholics offer a very beautiful pictures. We had a wedding party in a neighbouring hamlet to which almost all the youngsters of the city were welcome; and the Samoans were so enthusiastic about celebrating, dining and having drinks that our skipper and the traders, who were interested in the load, asked in no way to have the gun reloaded on Saturday.
So we had to meet in Brother Mackie's birthplace, where only about twenty persons came together with us. Later in the afternoons I went to attend Roman Catholic worship in the aforementioned parish and also in the London Mission where the local priest tried to lobby his herd against the "Mormons" who were in the town.
Edward Hahn, a Samoan woman and a Teutonic friar, stayed at Mackie' s home for another enjoyable time. Elder Beck and I climbed the protector at 3:00 pm after lovingly saying goodbye to our buddies in Leone and sailed to Apia.
Brother Mackie gave me a nice Samoan mats before I left, which I can take home with me. Afterwards we stayed the whole day over the thirty-five miles broad straits that separate the islands of Upolu and Tutuila. After spending an awkward evening on the schooner's decks, the early hours off the northern shore of Upolu found us, and when the winds soon went out, or almost like that, we all needed the mornings to get to Apia.
We finally arrived there; and we felt very much lightened in our bodies and minds when the anchors were lowered at exactly 12:00 o'clock in the port of Apia. It had taken us eight and a half day to travel to Tutuila, where we had been sailing about 250 leagues (including the striking distance); and we had been able to get historic information, although we had failed to see some of the Zion Ancients we had foreseen.
When we landed in Apia we found out that the steamship Taviuni, which I should have taken to New Zealand, had come and gone during our absences and that no other Union Steam Ship Company ship would go to Auckland for a whole months. Having lunched with our boyfriend, Mr. Hellesoe, Elder Beck and I went through the scrub, following a meandering path, to Fagali'i, where we reached at 3:00 pm and found everything good at HQ, Elders Sears, Kippen and Lemon Holdings Fortress.
However, the latter was visiting from his train terminus at the eastern end of Upolu, where the brothers are busy constructing a new meeting house. While in Fagali'i, Samoa, I was busy with historic work, supported by Elder William G. Sears. In the morning we were in Fagali'i, and in the afternoons Elders Beck, Sears, Kippen and I went to Apia and took a photo galery while a photo of ourselves was taken.
Accompanied by Elder Beck I also went to visit Malietoa, the Samoa Emperor (photo of Malietoa), who is living in a pretty little cabin near the shore just east of Apia. When I got up in the light of day, I woke up the other oldest. Thereupon Elder John W. Beck and I got on a small ship belonging to a fellow Christian Pike who, together with a Mr. Fischer, both from Tutuila, had paused over night in the Missionshaus.
Faced with the rains, against which our parasols offered us little shelter, we rode three nautical leagues to the port of Apia, where the steamboat Monowai was moored; and after I had secured the pass and mooring, I returned to Apia to complete my work with Elder Beck, from whom I took my farewell at 12:00 midday to be rode a quartermile to the Monowai, who dropped his anchor about an hours later (while I was in another rain) and left for New Zealand.
At 3:00 pm we completed the eastern end of Upolu, and before dark we had the last view of the Upolu Mountains far to the northern side. The Mormons, despite everything they had listened to, were believers in Christ and the Bible and were indeed Christians," said one Swede (Methodist) who travelled the globe and had never even listened to a Mormon eldest before.
I had several talks during the course of the afternoon with another Swede, Olson by name, who returned to New Zealand with his extended home extended to his relations in Box Elder County, Utah. I' ve had a series of interesting talks with officials and travellers about Utah and its people. My talk the night before awakened the wish of many to know more.
In the afternoon there was the newspaper, 27º7 at ´_10S; 178º1 at ´(; 902 mile from Apia and 688 to Auckland. First between Hawaii and Fiji, which deprived me of a Sunday, and then between Tonga and Samoa, which gave me two Wednesday in one weeks.
The country was seen with the unaided eyes at 11:00 a.m., and the travellers who had never been to New Zealand before were notified by those who call this country the Great Barrier, a hilly little town about 60 leagues from Auckland.
Some of the most skilled sailor was sent up to fortify it, and after much effort he managed, but it seemed very unsafe; and many of the passangers who were watching him were trembling with anxiety that he should not be thrown outboard. By midday we were 1,531 leagues from Apia and 59 leagues from Auckland.
We sailed near a hilly isle on our right, and soon afterwards we could see the coasts of the New Zealand continent or North Isle. Looking across the large crowds that had assembled on the quay to observe the steamship and see my boyfriends and family, I saw a man with a long, sand back that was different from all the others, a smile and comfortable face that was typical of a real Mormon eldest.
I was not wrong either, because he was Elder William Gardner, Chairman of the Australasian Mission, who had come down with the elders John Johnson of Elsinore and Thomas S. Browning of Ogden, Utah, to see me because they had good reasons to await me from the Monowai.
When I arrived on the other islands, they had been looking for me sooner, because my visit to the other islands had taken longer than I had first thought. It was very enjoyable for me to meet these oldest, as was the post from home that was waiting for me here. However, the Chairman travels most of his life in the various counties, taking special care of the Maori part of the operation, and when in Auckland rooms are rented and self-catering by an old woman, 145, Elders Johnson and Browning, who live in a small flat on Grey Street.
I' m now also making my provisional home with these Ancients as I look through the record of the missions; after that I am expecting to go to the various quarters that make up the New Zealand part of the Australasian missions. Captain Kenison left New Zealand for Samoa around 1865 and had a large extendedily.
In 1862 Walter Murray Gibson sent the hawaiian elder Kimo Pelio and Samuela Manoa as evangelists from Hawaii to Samoa. The small isle of Aunu'u became their headquarter and were christened upwards by two hundred members. Some of the oldest sent a few deeds back to Hawaii, but there was no help until Joseph Dean and his wife and daughter were transferred to Samoa by the Hawaiian missions in 1888, where they began to reorganize the church, starting with Aunu' u.