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Sheets: Profile: A small Pacific Isles that lies in the center of the globe.....
Guam, a sleazy little village with only one huge army stronghold and US flag to differentiate it from many similarly large Asian countries, has become the center of the world's public thanks to two men with huge egoes and poor hair cuts. Mahong-jong's threats to fire four rockets at Guam - the next US North Korean turf - and Donald Trump's aggression against the Pyongyang government have introduced the possibilities of conflict and atomic conflict beyond what most sensible men would wish.
Isle of Guam is 210 square meters (554 square kilometers) in area and 163,000 inhabitants, slightly more than the people of Dundee. Guam's boon and his dilemma is that it has a prominent position in the Pacific Ocean as the most southern of the Mariana Islands between the Philippine Sea and the North Pacific.
It' s 2,000 nautical mile from North Korea's rocket sites, about 4,000 nautical mile from Pearl Harbor in Hawaii and about 1,600 nautical mixt. This is the biggest of Micronesia, the archipelago between the Philippines, Japan, New Guinea and Hawaii. Sketch a line between North Korea and Guam and it will pass over Hiroshima, the town of Japan, which was turned into a ball of fire by the first nuclear weapon on August 6, 1945.
SO, WHO DID GUAM? RELEASE a storybook and Ferdinand Magellan will tell it during his 1521 round the globe. And Magellan, a Portugese skipper in the Spanish army, was the first Europeans to find Guam just a few words before he was murdered in the Battle of Mactan in the Philippines.
Chamorro defeated Magellan and Guam by about 3500 years. It is assumed that they emigrated from Southeast Asia around 2000 BC and invaded Guam and the Northern Mariana Isles - their own Chamorro is still used in these two places, although the number of spokespersons has decreased.
Once Magellan reached Guam, the people showed what they thought of the invaders by invading their vessels, and therefore the islands may not have been formally occupied by Spain until 1565, making it an important stop on the trans-Pacific trade lane between Manila in the Philippines and Mexico.
HOW LONG WAS GUAM SPAIN? And it took another hundred years before Spain really colonized the entire area. Illnesses that the Spaniards carried with them claimed many more lives - the tribal populations are expected to have declined by 60 percent or more. As of the end of the seventeenth and beginning of the 20th centuries, Guam was ruled as part of the Hispanic East India, with the Philippines being the center of Spain's regional hegemony.
It was struck by catastrophic events in the eighteenth and nineteenth century, such as a pox pandemic that in 1856 claimed the lives of 3,700 population. There was a need for more Caribbean and Japanese settlers to live in Guam, but the Spanish-Mexican rule over the islands lasted until the end of the nineteenth and early nineteenth hundreds.
SO, WHY IS GUAM MORE U.S. NOW? DIE Insel is formally an uncorporated US jurisdiction and all Guamese, as the Guamese are known, are American nationals from their very beginnings - perhaps with irony, given the present president's part in the island's present struggles, they cannot take part in a US general elections.
During the 1898 Spanish-American Wars, the US Armed Services conquered Guam, which was transferred to the Americans by the Treaty of Paris, Puerto Rico and the Philippines. Much of the conflict was concentrated in the Caribbean, and when the US troops reached Guam, the Governor of Spain immediately gave up and the intruders found exactly one US national.
The Americans spent a lot of money on the islands, and it was one of the first goals of the Japanese Empire when they invaded the Marianas during the Second World War. After a violent war in 1944, the Americans took Guam back and reinforced its army facilities such as Apra Harbor, with Guam having played an important part in the Vietnam War.
Anglophone and Chamorro are the main language, and the Chamorro are still the biggest ethnical group in Guam, which has been working for more independence for many years. However, the US economic dependence on its military sites - Andersen Air Force, Navy and NASA - and on the tourist industry, with the island's shores being among the best in the underworld.