How did the Easter Island Heads get thereWhere did the Easter Island heads get there?
What is the location of the Easter Island heads? Situated on a isolated island in the South Pacific, the famed Easter Island heads are about 2000 leagues from the west coastline of Chile. The Easter Island consists of the Nazca Plates, an ocean tectonical ocean slab, and is a vulcanic island, which was created by the eruptions of 3 volcanos many years ago.
The Easter Island is an area of Chile. The Easter Island is known for its 887 rock sculptures made by the old Rape Nui, who first lived on the island. The Easter Island is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is frequented by literally every year by millions of visitors. So when was Easter Island found and by whom?
On Easter Island, the first visitors to Europe were the discoverer Jacob Roggeveen from the Netherlands. On Easter Sunday (April 5, 1722) he came across the island when he explored new territory in the Pacific Ocean to open a trading lane with Southeast Asia. When he contacted him, he told us about 2000 - 3000 people on the island.
So what are the other Easter Island titles? The Easter Island is called this way because it was found on Easter Sunday years ago. It is also known by many other name. Isla de Pascua is his legal name - your airplane to Easter Island will have Isla de Pascua imprinted on the tickets and on the monitors of the airfield.
In Polynesia the island is commonly referred to as Rapid Nui and the archaeological reserve is known as the Rapid Nui National Reserve. To this day, the natives still call it rather Rape Nui than Easter Island or Isla de Pascua.
It was also called'Te pico o te henua' or the hub of the earth. What is the best way to see Easter Island? Easter Island is thought by many to be suitable only for the most adventure-loving traveller. The island is however flown to every day with business airlines. A 6-hour Pacific crossing is the fastest and only way to get to the most secluded island in the canyon.
As Easter Island is an area of Chile, the trip is inland. The Easter Island is very secure to be visited. Hangar Roa is a very quiet place and the locals are kind souls. There' s practically no such thing as common Easter Island tourism fraud. Easter Island is a characteristic Polynesian island with luxuriant flora, shaky palms and sands?
What is the best Easter Island visiting period? The Easter Island lies in the southern hemisphere. It is the high touristic seasons on the island. Tapati is one of the most costly periods to come to Easter Island and takes place in the first two week of February. The island's summers are warm and wet and travelling on horseback or by bike is strenuous.
Autumn from October to December is the other high seasons on Easter Island. Easter Island is from April to June. Rainfall in April and May and the visitor can get soaked when travelling to different archaeological places. The winters from June to September are marked by rainy and breezy weather and highlights on the island such as the Rano Kau or Terevaka craters become quite chilly.
That is why the low seasons on Easter Island are in both the springs and summers. During the first weeks of September we went to Easter Island and found the wheather quite warm and the price on the island much cheaper. What does a visit to Easter Island Heads costs? How much is the Easter Island trip price?
Easter Island's primary costs are the costs of flying from Santiago to Hanga Roa. There is no monopoly on the service by LAN carriers, so there is no such thing as competitive pricing. In the first weeks of September we went to Labor Day Weekends on Easter Island and found $525 return ticket per passenger.
Admission to Raffa Nui National Park is $80 per adult and $40 per child. Included in the tour are highly descriptive map of Rapid Nui National Park with clearly signposted archaeological places, paths and installations. Both Orongo and Rano Raraku are subject to strict controls.
There was also a rent for a vehicle on Easter Island and the rent was $55 per night for 5 nights, a total of $275. On Easter Island, goods are costly because everything has to be imported from Chile. The island accepts both the Chilenean peso and the US dollar.
What is the amount of easter island exploration needed? What is the best Easter Island vacation period? We' ve seen many guidebooks and agencies that recommend a 2-3 day visit to Easter Island because it has a small area. However, the archaeological places on Easter Island are countless, all different and have a certain historic importance.
On Easter Island there is also a lot to do for every traveller. After staying 5 full nights on Easter Island, we suggest that everyone consider a similar timeframe to discover the island as a whole. What is the best place to spend the night on Easter Island? The Easter Island is mostly split into two parts: a small, busy, tourist city Hanga Roa and the Rapa Nui National Park, where the most important archaeological places are grouped.
Most of the accommodation on Easter Island is in the city of Hanga Roa. The island is also full of mid-range and budgeted accommodation and bed and room accommodation. So what's for dinner on Easter Island? On Easter Island an independent regional kitchen evolved due to its remoteness.
There are some food to try on Easter Island: This is the Easter Island traditionally prepared in a pit in the floor with meats, chickens, fishes, and veggies. The yam has been cultivated on Easter Island since antiquity and the dumplings have become widespread on the island as a result of colonisation.
This results in yam and yoghurt gnocchi - a tasty meal that combines the island's flavours. Although Ceviche is said to have its origin in South America, it has gradually become an Easter Island. On Easter Island we also tried the Chilean sea algae Ceviche and it was tasty.
Because of the island's influence from Spain, many empanada shops have been established. Rapeseed is a small native Hummer found in the water around Easter Island. The Easter Island's most popular beverages are Easter Sour, Mahina beers, which are produced on the island, and abundant amounts of freshbrew.
What is the best way to get around Easter Island? There are no means of transportation on Easter Island. There' s a hop-on-hop-off coach called'Ara Moai', but we've hardly seen anyone using it and we don't do it. You have many other ways to get around Easter Island, as described below:
From a technical point of view it is possible to see the entire Easter Island on foot. A walk to the most important sights gives a good impression of the seclusion of the island. They' re less expensive than automobiles, affordable if they' re divided by two and a good way to explore the island. There are easy to reach by taxi on the island.
Cabs to Anakena Beach and other places can be up to 30,000 CLP. Automobiles are the most effective but definitely not budget-friendly way to get around Easter Island. Not one of the big rent avehicles, such as Hertz, Enterprises and Budge, has offices on the island. Easter Island rentals are restricted to a few small businesses - the most common are Insular and Oceanic.
The majority of automobiles are manually controlled transmissions and all-wheel drive automobiles suitable for tough streets on the island. Riding on Easter Island is very simple. There is a street that circles the whole island and can be used in a few hour without a stopover at any place. So we hired a Mahinatur vehicle and enjoy travelling around the island in our own vehicle.
On Easter Island there is no rent to insure. An interesting way to travel across Easter Island is by ATV. There were many folks who took the ATV on the bumpy, longer walks like the north coast walk to the shore of Anakena. Do I need a guide to see Easter Island?
Accompanied group trips are a favourite way to discover Easter Island as there is no safe means of transport and the rental of a vehicle is high. A trip with a group of travellers can be a cost-effective and effective way to visit the island and its many archaeological places. We do not suggest this choice, however, as the secret to the island's cultural awareness is its shelter.
The best way to discover Easter Island is to rent your own vehicle, buy a good guide and discover it on your own. So what's the story of Easter Island? When and who made the heads on Easter Island? Moai are the name of the well-known Easter Island characters. Rapa Nui or the indigenous peoples of secluded Pacific Easter Island cut the Moai statue from vulcanic tufa found in the island's volcanoes.
Most of the Easter Island sculptures were made between 1,250 and 1,500 AD. Since then they have been building over 887 sculptures of growing height and width. The majority of the sculptures were made out of vulcanic tufa found in Rano Raraku, the Easter Island stone mines.
Paro, the biggest moai, is 10 metres high, weights 82 tons and is still hewn into the cliff face of the craters. Over half of the sculptures are engraved on the inner and inner hillsides of Rano Raruku, while they have been carried to various ceremony decks or ahus on Easter Island.
Ancient Moai were minimalistic characters, similar to other rock carvings found throughout Polynesia. With the development of Rapa Nui civilization, the craft of statue engraving also developed. Later on the sculpture was either taller and heavier or had a more sophisticated sculpture with intricate details such as limbs, ear lobes, eyes and headgear.
What makes the statue known as Easter Island heads? Moai sculptures have large heads that are disproportionate to their body. Heads are dominant and make up about one third of the population. Visitors' attentiveness is attracted to the heads with their minimalist traits and mysterious phrases and thus to the name.
Rano Raraku's sculptures are also deeply embedded in the ground and only the heads are seen, which ensures the further use of the name "Easter Island heads". What were the Moai or Easter Island sculptures made for? Archaeologists and history experts believe that the sculptures were constructed in honour of the Polish apes of Rape Nui.
Moai are primarily carved faces of worshipped Rapa Nui forefathers. Any statue placed on the platform facing away from the ocean and towards the villages' villages should watch over the population. Considered a symbol of worship and politics, the sculptures were later overthrown to condemn the cloister.
And who were the Rafa Nui? They are the aborigines of Easter Island. Polynesians and great sailors, they decided more than a thousand years ago to colonise and population Easter Island. Sailing from other Polynesian triangle islets, the Rafa Nui sail to Easter Island.
The Polynesian Triangle is an area in the Pacific Ocean that consists of a dispersed group of archipelagos, culminating in Hawaii, New Zealand and Easter Island. Others, according to which Rapid Nui could come from South America, were largely ignored. Easter Island was once home to over 10,000 Raba Nui.
The sculptures were designed to worship the faith and they constructed large sculptures or the moai. The Rapa Nui are not dead, however. It' s inhabitants slowly increased again and the Rapa Nui still lives on Easter Island today. They' ve kept some of their arts of Rapa Nui dancing shows, Tattoo's and woodcarvings intact.
Have the heads of the Easter Islands got a body? A message recently appeared saying: "The heads of the Easter Islands also have corpses". Once again, this paper has drawn a great deal of interest to Easter Island and the Easter Island Heads debates have been raging again. is that Easter Island heads have always had corpses.
Everyone who has been to Easter Island knows that - he has seen the Moai with its torso at Ahu Tongariki, Ahu Anakena and other islands like this. But if you have only seen Rano Raraku, the stone pit of the Moai sculpture, you have only seen images of the heads of Easter Island.
This is because the stone sculptures in the stone pit are deeply embedded in sediment and rock over the years. Its torsi are conserved underground and show during excavations intriguing photographs of the "bodies of the Easter Island heads". The Easter Island heads have got eye--
At first it was thought that the Moai had no sight. Several of the moai seemed to have deeply elliptical orbits. Yet a finding at Ahu Nau Nau showed that some of the later Moai had the eyes. Easter Island archaeologist Sergio Rapu and his crew found pieces of pieces of white alabaster in many places.
Moai sculptures were first placed on their platform and then the eyeballs were placed in the special sculptured orbits. Where did the sculptures get there? And the most amazing secret about Easter Island is: How did the statute get there? The fact that a Stone Age civilisation insulated from the outside is able to sculpt and carry such solid sculptures has shaken the minds of mankind for generation.
Even when the first Europeans came to Easter Island, it was a bleak, tree free setting that exacerbated the puzzle. There have been many scholarly experiences and hypotheses about the Easter Island Movement method since then. Because of the mere dimensions of the moai, humans think about the means that move them and place them standing up straight on decks a mile away from the stone pit where the sculptures were made.
Old Rasputin Nui used to carve the heads and the front of the moai directly into the riff. When the carvings were finished, the sculptures were erected with the help of large logs, which were placed tightly into deeply hollowed craters.
They then used a cable from the island's olive groves to raise the statue and their backs were sheared. They were then laid on logs on wood rolls and wound up on ahus and set up. Alternate explanation is that the sculptures were swung softly to their place, others say that they were pulled to their ahus by cables.
There is a new statement that the sculptures were carried erect and is gradually becoming accepted. Yet the debates continue and the Easter Island secret still attracts archaeologists. Were extraterrestrials involved in Easter Island? Much like the myth of the pyramids of Egypt and the Nazca lines, many think that the moai of Easter Island were built and animated by foreigners or alien beings.
Its main cause is the complete insulation of Easter Island, the majesty of the Moais and the fall of old age. But all these are legends and the Moai were made by a Polynesian breed named Rapa Nui. Similar plot theory suggests that work on Easter Island was suddenly halted and the populace vanished due to a cataclysmic outbreak.
Some believe that Easter Island is the overwater part of an immersed whole continuum of humans with exceptional abilities. Have some of the Easter Island's pristine heads and sculptures been preserved? Archaeologists and historicists from the West have reconstructed all the articles of association that can be seen on Ahus on Easter Island today.
Not one of the moai built by the old rappa nui is still there. As the first Easter Island Europeans came in early 1700, they saw most of the Easter Island heads still upright, but when Captain James Cook came to visit in 1774, many sculptures were overthrown. The majority of Moai were overthrown during the Spanish Revolution, which erupted on Easter Island in the 1750' and caused the downfall of Rape Nui civilisation.
Several others were overthrown when a Chilean quake caused a tidal wave that struck the Easter Island coast and sweeps the statue. So how did the Easter Island sculptures end up on the bottom of the sea? A lot of pictures from Easter Island show visitors scuba-dipping above an aquatic mai. The majority of the population think that the Easter Island coast disaster that overthrew the moai at Ahu Tongariki was the cause of the moai at the bottom of the sea.
However, the moai you see while you dive is a forgery - it was made as a props for the cartoon film Rapa Nui and kept at the bottom of the sea as an allure. So what has been happening on the island? What exactly was it that kills the Easter Islanders, destroys the tree and overthrows the infamous statue?
Easter Island was a luxuriant heaven with large palm groves and other large tree species, a multitude of seabirds and sea creatures. Rapa Nui tribe thrived on the island and grew into one of the most fascinating civilizations in the underworld. and worshiped them.
However, as the populations increased, the island's finite natural resource was emphasized. Overthrown Moai and civilisation began to fall. It was colonised around 1000 AD. A lot of Easter Insulans were slaved to Peru and Bolivia. Contacts with the high cultures resulted in the spreading of disease until only a few hundred island inhabitants remained.
Aside from the celebrated heads and sculptures, what else is there to see on Easter Island? In addition to the celebrated Easter Islands, there are many other Rapa Nui artefacts. Several of the moai also had pukao or knots over their heads. Ahu' or the moai decks on which the moai are built are themselves important archaeological places and outstanding examples of Rapa Nui masonry.
Woodcarvings and carving instruments for the moai can be seen in the Hanga Roa Moai Art Gallery. Stonehouses in Orongo, hen stables and boatsheds throughout the island, caving in Ana TePahu and the many petoglyphs are outstanding illustrations of the expansion and demise of an insulated population.
Which are the most important archaeological places on Easter Island? Besides the moon platform and the Rano Raraku stone pit, there are many archaeological places on Easter Island. These are some of the most important places on Easter Island and the artefacts found at each location: Rano Raraku's moon quarry: Rano Raraku, also known as a stone pit or mai tree farm, is the most important archaeological site on Easter Island.
In the volcano craters the moai were cut, removed from the rock, set up straight and carried to their destination. It is like an incomplete Moai plant - Moai in different stadiums of woodcutting can be found here. It is without a doubt the most intriguing and enigmatic view on the island and one of the most important to do so.
All the slope is with Moai necks deeply in the ground and can also be seen from afar. All, except 53 of 887 Moai found on Easter Island, were cut on the Rano Raraku craters. Ahu Tongariki is the most imposing and imposing Moai island on Easter Island.
Ahu Tongariki is only a brief ride away from Rano Raraku and has 15 large moai that stand on a huge plateau with the background of the Pacific Ocean's clear-water. After a while, the statue or the moai developed. The later Moai are more elaborate in carving, have more ingenious traits and have additional additives such as pukao " eye or blur.
Pukao is an interesting place to be. A lot of pukao from a scarlet volcano named scatteria are in the rocky outcrop. These are lavishly decorated with petrol glyphs. Pukao are considered an expression of the ancestral powers for which the Moai was made.
As the Moai becomes more mighty, its knots become larger and more complex. It is a 7 moai ceremony deck. On the right of this hoo there is a moai on an hoo - this moai was built for the first time in the recent story of Thor Heyderhald's expledition. It is also the place where the Moai Reefs' first ever spot of the seaweed.
The moai on this ahu are also cut at a later date, are more ingenious and have clear characteristics such as thin limbs, nose holes and ear rings in their ear lobes cuddled. The Ahu Akivi Moai near Ahu Akivi are known to be the 7 discoverers. The Ahu with 7 moai is the only one whose moai faces the ocean - the main reasons for the fact that the villages' settlements border the ocean and the moai were built accordingly.
There is a theorem that the Moai are the 7 originally sent to the island to study, and that is why they look out to the ocean. The Rano Kau is one of the pristine volcanos that gave rise to Easter Island, and for a long period the Rano Kau Caldera was the only freshwater spring for the Apok.
Orongo has several hundred of Birdman Petroglyph, Make Make Make (a rapa nui god) and other icons. Dad Vaka: The archaeological site of Dad Vaka has a large number of petoglyphs representing the ocean and the relationship between Rafa Nui and the ocean. Rafa Nui also cut petro-glyphs on the back of the moai.
Several of the knots or pukao are also engraved with Petroglyph. So what was the Birdman contest that took place on Easter Island? The chieftain or commander of Easter Island was originally chosen by the heirs. When the statues lost their importance and battles between the clans took place, Birdman's intriguing yearly contest developed into the election of the next island warrior.
For one year, the first participant was awarded the title of Birdman and Chef of the Island. Is the Tapati Rapida Nui Feast? The Tapati Rafa Nui is a yearly arts and crafts event that takes place on Easter Island in the first two February as well. Its name is synonymous with "Rapa Nui Week" and is intended to commemorate Raba Nui tradition and people.
During the entire course of the entire event, contests are taking place to maintain the old techniques of Rape Nui: swim, canoe, bodypainting and tattooing. There is a lush island and Tapati is one of the most favourite places to go to Easter Island. What do you do to prevent the masses of people on Easter Island? As most other favourite places, we prevented the masses of people on Easter Island by just going off-season and getting to favourite places early in the mornings.
What can you do to be a conscientious traveller on Easter Island? The Easter Island is a charming traveling place. A large part of the island is sheltered by the Rapa Nui National Reserve, but many important archaeological places are outside the reserve. The Easter Island once suffers from overcrowding and the strain on its indigenous population.
Every year, the island carries back tens of thousand of tourists. These are some ways you can be a conscientious visitor and contribute to the conservation of Easter Island: 1.
The fine for a drowning Moai of $100,000 was imposed on a returning guest. Ahu is revered by Rafa Nui and by going on them you will not only be breaking the laws, but also disregarding the indigenous cultures and feelings. Both Rano Raraku and Orongo are the two most impressive archaeological places and can only be seen once during your itinerary.
They have to show their tickets for these pages. The remainder of the island does not need a free entrance card. When snorkelling and dipping, be sure not to go near the islands of Motu Nui and Motu Iti. Cross-country trips all over Easter Island are against the law. Throughout the island it is like an open-air and archaeological relics are all over.
If you are eating, choose to go for home-cooked foods and regional cooking instead of tropical foods, the raw materials of which have probably been shipped to the island to increase the CO 2 emissions.