Historical Background of FijiFiji Historical Background
The Fiji Story
The early man, Gomo Eroectus, entered Southeast Asia about two million years ago and the contemporary man, Gomo Sabien, entered the country about 60,000 years ago. Though the traces of man's occupation in New Guinea go back at least 25,000 years, the Austronesian migrations from Southeast Asia to New Guinea 6000 years ago represented a new phase in the country's development.
In contrast to their ancestors, who were a hunter-gatherer, the new arrivals (who were finally to inhabit Fiji) had adopted sailing and canoeing, root-growing and porcine husbandry method. Archeological findings (mostly ceramics) indicate that Fiji was populated in three different wavetra. However, there is new information that Fiji and the South Pacific may have been populated 8,000 to 10,000 years ago.
Fergus Clunie and the deceased John Gibbons posited in an April 1986 Journal of Pacific History report that the ocean has increased drastically over the last 4,000 to 18,000 years due to the thaw of the Icecap. Many of the places populated by the first immigrants in the South Pacific are therefore closed to archeologists.
Although the Fijian researchers do not agree when their Fijian forefathers first came to sleep, they claim that these humans came from the New England area (now part of Papua New Guinea) and were most likely Polynesian forefathers. Researchers use the term "likely" because they are not sure whether the new potter lifestyle was due to an inflow of new humans or whether it is just a matter of community outreach.
When immigrants brought about the changes, the new arrivals probably mingled with the natives and perhaps overpowered them. Fiji's definitive occupation (1000 to 1800 AD) was a mass migration from Melanesia. There was a highly developed type of terrace farming, which contributed to supporting a large populace that could have grown to 200,000.
Humans cultivated sweet potatoes and tarot, bred fowl, caught fish and cultivated a high-cultivation. To learn more about the early migration to Fiji, there is a great paper titled The Story of Lapital Migraton in Fiji, by Patrick Nunn, Professor of Geography at the University of the South Pacific.
She explores theory about where the first humans came from in Fiji, when they came and where they established themselves. Fiji's pre-contacted Fiji was, as its sophisticated agricultural system proves, a sophisticated, layered and intertwined and inter-dependent population. Throughout Fiji and as far as Tonga, these objects were sold.
Chieftains often had a huge amount of personality that manifested itself in the demand for tributes taken and in many bloodthirsty victims. The chieftains seemed to have an indiscriminate and reckless force for those outside, founded on'club law'. "There is no tyrant from the east who can reign with more total terrorism than the chieftains here; and few men are more thoroughly slaved and stamped down than these islander.
A number of people may have qualify as main contenders, but those who became chieftains had to distinguish themselves from the group. The marriage led to unbelievably complicated relations between strains throughout Fiji. Chieftains who hope to acquire in this way could be supported by various tribe groups on the island through their bloody gangs, making themselves just as easy antagonists.
There was no leader in Fiji. Early discoverers knew that Fiji was hazardous, an uncharted area populated by erratic and malicious cannibalists - in an aphid. The unification of Europe in Fiji led to an almost immediate participation of migrants. With a growing Europe's populace, colonists living under the shelter and whim of indigenous chieftains campaigned for the annexation of Fiji and the creation of a business-as-usual environment.
Cakobau, the self-proclaimed king of Fiji, proposed to surrender Fiji to the United States in exchange for the repayment of his long-past due debts of $43,000. In the 1860' the beach robbers and tramps developed from a fistful of shaggy settlements into a more or less straightforward settlers' association, mainly from Australia and New Zealand.
The attractiveness of Fiji was based on the British annexation and its economic role as a centre of cultivation for the wool production in Europe, which was denied this product during the American civil war. Males were needed to work the estates, and the Fijians were hesitant to do so.
The Solomon or New Hebrides created a" blackbirded" version of the game. A chieftain's board, which convened in 1865 but broke down two years later because no one could agree, was the first try of a nation's reign. Though the latter two succeeded in creating a kind of order, things went too quickly for the chiefs' efforts at making reforms, especially with the arrival of Europe's migrants.
But as one of the historians noted, "the government did not meet the unforgiving requirements of traders, growers and Fijians". In order to avoid anaarchy and the shedding of blood, Cakobau was compelled to relinquish Fiji to Great Britain. When the British realized the responsibilities they had towards the colonists and Fijians, they did not want the land to come into America's possession.
It had become a royal settlement. Now Fiji was a settlement, but a settlement that needed to grow economically. The first Colonial Gordon, Sir Arthur Gordon, luckily a respectable man for Fiji, was against using indigenous people to work in the field. He not only took immediate action to prevent Fijians from being plundered as workers, he also banned the sale of their homeland.
He has also introduced a tax system that obliges Fijians to farm their own lands rather than those of farmers. Gordon enacted legislation that would forever help the Fiji nation by ensuring that it would neither be estranged from its country nor used as labour. Gordon, a real 19th c. romantics, took the patron saint's rôle seriously and evolved a very paternalist government towards the Fijians.
The Fiji Indians' period began on 14 May 1879. From May 1879 to November 1916, when the last work transportation vessel landed, 60,000 persons had come to act as "Coolies". He wanted the Brazilian expedition to forever transform the face of Fiji's past. Fiji's settlement was generally benevolent.
and the Fijians were able to manage their own business. In December 1959, the trade unionists, who were playing their newly found muscles for the first and for the first reason, appealed for a general strikes which finally resulted in riots by Fijians and Indians against Azerothers. In 1963, the British Empire, which recognized that a postponement of the country's sovereignty would no longer be of any use to anyone, launched the first general elections for the legislature.
It would be the first year in which Fijians and Indians would be voting together and all racial groups would have the right to stand for the poll. There have been various types of Councils on Legislation since its assignment to Great Britain in 1874, but its members have been elected by different means according to breed. For example, the members of Europe were elected from among Europe's men, the Fijians were nominated by the Great Chieftain Board and the members of India by rich Indians.
In 1967 a system of governance was established, with Ratu Mara becoming Prime Minster and the members of the Governing Board becoming the members of the Parliament. In 1969, the Alliance under the leadership of Prime Minster Ratu Mara and the National Federation under the leadership of A.D. Patel, the party's founding father, began afresh.
Fijians and other ethnic groups, among them a non-NFP Indian community, demanded strong ties to the Crown and opposed any concept of a nation. Also the alliance party wanted a municipal electoral system. Patel passed away in October 1969 and was replaced by Siddiq Koya, who had a good working relation with Ratu Mara and was willing to accept his part.
Unbelievably, the deadline was respected and 96 years after the handover of Fiji's supremacy to Britain, in the company of His Royal Highness Prince Charles, Queen Elizabeth's representative, it became an autonomous state. In April 1972, Fiji held its first post-independence elections, in which Ratu Mara's alliance party received a 14-seat parliamentary group.
In January the following year, the Fijian supreme leader, Ratu Sir George Cakobau, was inaugurated as the successor of Sir Robert Foster, the last colonised Gubernator. Fiji's global character, almost unilaterally influenced by Ratu Mara, increased after the war. Probably the most obvious demonstrations of the country abroad are the Royal Fijian Armed Forces.
Fiji proposed in April 1978 to deploy a UNIFIL (United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon) detachment to Lebanon. This was the beginning of the military campaign that began a few months before when Ratu Mara's Fijian defeat of the Alliance Party, which had governed since gaining political power, in the fifth elections after the country's sovereignty.
An alliance of the predominantly Indian NRP and the recently founded Labor Party won an overwhelming win. They were disappointed by the Alliance Party's growing conservatism and the Indians were tired of the NRP's ongoing struggle and struggle.
Though the Labour Party and the NRP formed a alliance, it was Timoci Bavadra of the Labour Party who was elected to lead the new administration after the poll. On the next morning Ratu Mara, one of the founders of the Fiji Islands, said that he would be a member of the Ministerial Board of the new state.
That legitimised the Fijian people' s idea of a military coup. Over. There was a meeting of the Great Chieftain Board, which supported the Rabuka government with the task of changing the state. 12-day later, Rabuka proclaimed Fiji a Czech Republic, appointed Ratu Penaia to the presidency and ended the 113-year connection with the crown of Britain.
In late 1987, Rabuka Ratu Mara nominated himself Premier of a transitional administration and Interior Secretary for the Armed Forces and Forces. The Fiji Labour party headed by Mahendra Chaudhry won an angry win over Rabukas faction two years later and the nation received its first Indian-Fijian premier.
Chaudhry and other MPs taken as hostages by Speights Terrorist, President Mara was compelled to step down and an interim administration under Laisenia Qarase was nominated by the Grand Council of Chiefs. The restoration of the state under the rule of the law has seen most jurisdictions lift the penalties applied after the 2000 coup and Fiji has normalised.
Despite increasing inter-ethnical and economical tension in Fiji, the land is completely secure for the visitor. Have a look at Fiji to see the state of play: In a series of interviews in the Fiji Times, the Fiji Times explains the present policy from an insider's perspective.