??????), formerly known as Northern Areas. The Gilgit (Urdu: ????) is a mountain town in Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan. The Gilgit, town in Gilgit-Baltistan, part of the Pakistan-managed Kashmir region sector on the northern Indian subcontinent. The Gilgit Serena Hotel in Gilgit offers air-conditioned rooms with free WiFi. Gilgit weather forecast.
chip class="mw-headline" id="Early_history">early history
The area of Gilgit-Baltistan exceeds 72,971 km² and is high mountain. In 2015 it had an expected 1,800,000 inhabitants. Gilgit (216,760 inhabitants) is the capitol. The Gilgit Baltic State is home to five of the "eight-thousand-metre peaks" and more than fifty summits over 7,000m.
Gilgit Balticistan is home to three of the world's longest ice caps outside the Arctic area. "The petroglyphs found in various places in Gilgit-Baltistan, especially in the Passu town of Hunza, suggest a manhood since 2000 B.C. Within the next few hundred years after the occupation of the Tibetan plain, this area was populated by Tibetans who preceeded the Balti tribe of Baltistan.
Nowadays Baltistan is similar to Ladakh in physical and cultural (though not religious) terms. They are the Shina-speaking tribes of Gilgit, Chilas, Astore and Diamir, while in Hunza and the higher areas Burushaski and Khowar are the dominant group. In the first half of the 20th centuries, the population of these areas were adherents of the Bon Faith, while in the second half of the 20th centuries, they were the mainstays.
From 399 to 414, the Buddhist monk Faxian Gilgit-Baltistan came to China, while in the sixth c. Somana Palola (Greater Gilgit-Chilas) was reigned by an unidentified emperor. From 627 to 645, the Buddhist China traveled through this area on his Buddhist journey to India. The Tang people of China wrote that between the 600s and 700s the Tang Empire was reigned by a Buddhist monarchy called Bolü (Chinese: ??; pinyin: ból?), also translated as Palola, Patola, Balur.
24 ] At that point Little Palola (Chinese: ???) was used for Gilgit and Great Palola (Chinese: ???) for Baltistan. In 717 and 719 cases, respectively, according to China's legal documents, a delegation from a sovereign of Greater Palola (Baltistan) by the name of Su-fu-she-li-ji-li-ni (Chinese: ???????; pinyin: s?fúshèlìzh?líní) arrived at the emperor's palace.
Buddhism was practised in Baltistan at that period, and Sanskrit was the literal script. Following the Sikhs' failure in the First Anglo-Sikh War, the area became part of the royal state of Jammu and Kashmir, which had been under the Dogras' domination since 1846. People in Gilgit felt different from Kashmir and did not want to be governed by the state of Kashmir.
47 ] The land stayed in the possession of the Principality until 1 November 1947, with some areas temporarily leased to the British. Jammu and Kashmir remain an autonomous state after Pakistan's liberation. Later, on 22 October 1947, Pakistan-backed Pakistan-backed Tribalmilizen traversed the Jammu and Kashmir borders.
Gilgit's people did not support the state's entry into India. Muslims in the border province (now Gilgit-Baltistan) wanted to join Pakistan. 51 ] Major William Brown, commanding the Maharaja Gilgit scouts, who overthrew Governor Ghansara Singh on November 1, 1947, felt their dissatisfaction. This unbloody coup was designed by Brown down to the last detail under the codename" Datta Khel", to which also a 6.
The Gilgit natives appointed a temporary regime (Aburi Hakoomat) with Raja Shah Rais Khan as chairman and Mirza Hassan Khan as commander-in-chief. Major Brown, however, had already cabled Khan Abdul Qayyum Khan and asked Pakistan to take power. Pakistan' s Zimbabwean police officer, Khan Mohammad Alam Khan, came on 16 November and took over the Gilgit management.
53 ] Brown maneuvered out the pro-independence group and won the consent of the Myriads and Raja to join Pakistan. Brown's action took the UK authorities by surprise. If the Indian army begins to invade you, there will be no point crying out to Pakistan because you won't get it. "After this meeting with Alam Khan, the temporary regime paled and clearly reflected the threadbare and opportunist character of its base and back.
Whilst the inhabitants of Gilgit-Baltistan wished to join Pakistan after having gained Maharaja Hari Singh's independency, Pakistan refused to melt the area into itself because the area was linked to Jammu and Kashmir. Shortly after his accession to Pakistan, Gilgit-Baltistan was ruled by Azad Kashmir, albeit "theoretically but not practically" by his aspiration to be an alternate regime for Jammu and Kashmir.
By the Karachi Agreement, the Azad Kashmir authorities in 1949 passed the management of the area to the German Federation, which progressively adopted its sustainability. In the view of Sahni, an Hindi reporter, this is seen as an attempt by Pakistan to legitimise its domination of Gilgit-Baltistan. The Azad Kashmir authorities were moved to Pakistan for two reasons:
1 ) the area has been unaccessible to Azad Kashmir and 2) because both the Azad Kashmir and Pakistan authorities knew that the peoples of the area were in favor of Pakistan to join in a possible plebiscite on the definitive state of Kashmir. The International Crisis Group says that the Karachi Agreement in Gilgit-Baltistan is very disliked because Gilgit-Baltistan was not a political entity even during the decision on its destiny.
Since then until the 1990s, Gilgit-Baltistan was ruled by the Frontier Crimes Regulations of the former colonies, which regarded tribes as "barbaric and uncivilized" and imposed collectively imposed penalties and sentences. 71 ] Humans had no right to be represented in court and no right of appeals. At that time there were no democracies for Gilgit-Baltistan. The Ministry of Kashmir Affairs and Northern Territories (KANA) retained all jurisdiction and government.
Gilgit Baltic nation have been denied the prerogatives of Pakistani and Azad Kashmiri nation. One of the main reasons for this was the remote location of Gilgit-Baltistan. A further fact was that all of Pakistan itself lacked the necessary standards and political doctrines, which is why the German authorities did not give priority to developing democracy in the area.
Also, there was a shortage of open government pressures as there was a shortage of vibrant civic life in the area and young, literate inhabitants tend to choose to reside in Pakistan's city centres rather than stay in the area. The Gilgit Agency and Baltistan, the two parts of the country, were combined into a unified administration in 1970 under the name Northern Areas.
1 ] The Shaksgam wing was transferred from Pakistan to China after the signature of the Sino-Pakistan Border Agreement in 1963. The entire legislation has been consolidated in the KANA Ministry of Pakistan. The KANA Ministry established a legal framework regulation (LFO) as a de facto constitutional framework for the area in 1994.
With the opening of the Karakoram Highway in 1984, the importance of the area at the national scale increased and the people of the area became more closely linked to the continental Pakistan. By improving the connection, the locals took advantage of educational possibilities in the remainder of Pakistan. The enhanced networking enabled the Pakistan and Azad Kashmir factions to establish regional offices, increase regional policy consciousness, and these factions have been playing a "commendable role" in organizing a democracy right wing among the inhabitants of Gilgit-Baltistan.
At the end of the 1990', the President of the Al-Jihad Trust petitioned the Pakistan Supreme Court to establish the judicial statute of Gilgit-Baltistan. The Court, in its judgment of 28 May 1999, ordered the Pakistani Government to guarantee equality of the population of Gilgit-Baltistan and gave it six-month time.
After the Supreme Court's ruling, the authorities took several measures to transfer control to the area. It has been pointed out in several quarters, however, that the persistent division in politics and sectarianism in Gilgit-Baltistan and the historic link between the area and the still controversial Kashmir have left the authorities of Pakistan powerless to determine the true nature of Gilgit-Baltistan.
The Gilgit Baltic state is subdivided into three administrative divisions, which in turn are subdivided into ten Distriktes, comprising the four Baltic state Distriktes Skardu, Shigar, Kharmang and Ghanche and the four Gilgit Distriktes Gilgit, Ghizer, Hunza and Nagar as well as two Distriktes Diamer and Ashore.
97 ] The most important administration centres are the cities of Gilgit and Skardu. It is bordered to the east by the Pakistani state of Khyber Pukhtunkhwa, to the east by the autonomous region of Xinjiang Uyghur, to the east by the Indian-administered Jammu and Kashmir, and to the east by the Pakistani-administered state of Azad Jammu and Kashmir.
The Gilgit Baltic State is home to five of the "eight-thousand-metre peaks" and more than fifty summits over 7,000m. The Gilgit and Skardu are the two major junctions for explorations into these hills. It is home to some of the highest ridges in the whole area. Gilgit Balticistan is home to three of the world's longest ice cap: the Biafo Glacier, the Baltoro Glacier and the Batura Glacier.
Gilgit Balticistan also has several high seas: Deosai has been snow-covered for over half a year (between September and May) and is isolated from the remainder of Baltistan and Estore in winter. More than 50,000 petroglyphic rocks and engravings along the Karakoram Highway in Gilgit-Baltistan, clustered in ten large locations between Hunza and Shatial.
Anthropologist Karl Jettmar composed the area' s story from epigraphs and captured his finds in Rock Karvings and Incriptions in the Northern Areas of Pakistan and the later published Between Gandhara and the Silk Roads - Rock Karakoram Highway. Many of these woodcarvings and engravings will be flooded and/or damaged when the proposed Basha-Diamir Reservoir is constructed and the Karakoram Highway widens In the whole planet and every year a number of explorations from all over the planet come to Karakoram to ascend the demanding sand-liver.
Galgit-Baltistan is home to more than 20 summits of over 6,100 metres, among them the second highest peak on earth, the K-2. From Gilgit Airport, taken in December 2015. Prior to 1978, Gilgit-Baltistan was isolated from the remainder of Pakistan and the wider globe for its impassable countryside and scarcity of accessio n road.
Every road to the southwest opened to the Pakistani-administered state of Azad Kashmir and to the southeastern Indian-administered Jammu and Kashmir. It was possible to hike over the pass to Rawalpindi in winter. Although the quickest way to get there was by plane, only a few special locals and Pakistan' s army and civil servants had access to it.
Then Pakistan, with the support of the China administration, began building the Karakoram Highway (KKH), which was finished in 1978. Jaglote, Gore, from a tunnelling on the Karakoram Highway. Karakoram Highway links Islamabad with Gilgit and Skardu, the two most important junctions for mountain climbing tours in Gilgit-Baltistan.
It will take about 20 to 24 hrs to get from Rawalpindi/Islamabad to Gilgit. The Karakoram Highway has a lot of mudslides. Karakoram Highway links Gilgit to Tashkurgan Town, Kashgar, China via Sust, the toll and healthcare station on the side of Gilgit-Baltistan, and the Khunjerab Pass, the world's highest cobbled, 15,397 foot (4,693 meters) crossroads.
A Fokker FC27 Fendship flew between Gilgit Airport and Benazir Bhutto International Airport every day. PIA currently operates Gilgit services with the all new ATR 42-500, which was acquired in 2006. Pakakistan International Airlines also operates Boeing 737 scheduled services between Skardu and Islamabad.
It has been suggested to build a railroad through the area; see Khunjerab railroad for further information. In the last people' s count (1998), the number of inhabitants of Gilgit-Baltistan was 870,347. 114 ] About 14% of the populace were city. 115 ] The number of inhabitants of Gilgit-Baltistan was expected to exceed 2 million in 2013. Gilgit Balticistan's people are made up of many different language, ethnical and religion cults, partly due to the many remote dales divided by some of the highest peaks in the word.
116 ] A significant number of Gilgit Balticans live in other parts of Pakistan, mainly in Punjab and Karachi. Alphabetisation rates in Gilgit-Baltistan are around 72%. The Gilgit Baltic State is a multi-lingual area where Urdu is the lingua franca for inter-ethnic communication.
Following is a resolution chart of Gilgit-Baltistan native-speaker. 1ShinaIt is a Dardinian that is widely used in six different tongues (Gilgit, Diamir/Chilas, Darel/Tangir, Astore, Puniyal/Gahkuch and Rondu). 5WakhiIt is referred to by the vast majority of Gojal Tehsil of Hunza. Other Pashto, Kashmiri, Domaaki (spoken by musicians of the region) and Gojri dialects are also widely known.
Gilgit Balticistan's inhabitants are Muslims and religiously the most varied in the state. It is also the only Shiite territory in an otherwise Sunni-dominated Pakistan. The Skardu county is mainly Shiite, while the Diamir and Estore counties have Sunnite nationalities. The Ghanche has a Noorbakhshi community, and Ghizar has an Ismaili group.
Gilgit, Hunza and Nagar counties are populated by a mixture of all these cults. 125 ] In 1948 the Shiites and Ismailis made up about 85% of the populous. The Gilgit region is home to diverse civilisations, nationalities, language and nationalities. He twice mentioned a nation named Dadikai, first together with the Gandarioi, and again in the catalog of Xerxes' armies marching into Greece.
The New CM has a premonition for Gilgit-Baltistan". June 30, 2015. This is Gilgit Baltistan: Accessed June 20, 2016. a ^ a barcu " Symbols of Gilgit-Baltistan". knowpakistan.gov.in. Key figures Gilgit-Baltistan" (PDF). Singe H., "Constitutional impasse in Gilgit-Baltistan (Jammu and Kashmir): "BALTSTAN Gilgit: However, it does not meet the primary requirement of the population of Gilgit-Baltistan for a constitutionally constituted fifth provincial state for the area and for the nationality of Pakistan for its population.
Much of the 1.5 million inhabitants of Gilgit-Baltistan are against Kashmir and want their territory in Pakistan to be consolidated and made into a state. Conflict in Kashmir: India, Pakistan and the Infinite War. Episode 1: A Windows to Gilgit-Baltistan. Baltistan. Tibeto encyclopedia.
International Council on Archives, National Archives of Pakistan. Kashmir: Kashmir's story and human. Places, folks and culture. Cashmere dispute". June 29, 2006. Accessed June 14, 2009. Muslims in the western Jammu province, especially in Poonch, many of whom had military skills, and Muslims in the Frontier Districts province also wanted J&K to join Pakistan.
Cashmere in conflict: India, Pakistan and the never-ending war. "Gilgit Balticistan part of Pakistan of your choice." Almost 70 years ago, the Gilgit Wazarat rebelled and rebelled against Pakistan, as did the areas of Chila, Koh Ghizr, Ishkoman, Yasin and Punial; the ruling states of Hunza and Nagar also united.
It is therefore timely to recognise and recognise their decision to be full Pakistani people. Islam, regional identity and the emergence of Kashmir. Gilgit Balticis quietly observes the election, Dawn, May 1, 2013. Erihad Mahmud, Gilgit-Baltistan: Provincial or not, The News on Sunday, January 24, 2016. Muzuaffarabad: Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) Prime Minister Chaudhry Abdul Majeed on Wednesday cautioned the German authorities against any attempts to turn Gilgit-Baltistan into a Pakistani state.
Pakistan repealed the state subject rule - the so-called troubled peaks - in Gilgit-Baltistan in 1974. gilgite baltistan: Pakistan' s Pakistanian Prime Minister signed the Gilgit-Baltistan Autonomous Order of Xinhua. Independence Gilgit-Baltistan. Gilgit Balticistan part of Jammu and Kashmir: India. Gilgit Balticistan split into three Divisions - The Express Tribune. tribune.com.pk. Accessed June 20, 2016.
Mehdi Shah announced the establishment of 2 departments, 2 subdivisions and 4 tehsils in Gilgit - Baltistan - PAMIR TIMES - Voices of the Mountain Communities. pamirtimes.net. Accessed June 20, 2016. gilgite baltistan: City districts & places - population statistics in maps and graphics". citypopulation.de. Accessed June 20, 2016.
Pak populace rose by 46. Gilgit Baltic States Statistics Brochure" (PDF). Gilgit Baltic administration, 2014. Rock Carvings and Inscriptions along the Karakorum Highway (Pakistan) -- a short intro. WWF Pakistan. "Gilgit Balticistan (formerly Northern Areas) climate". World Wildfire Fund of Pakistan. "Britannica Online Encyclopedia, Balticistan (Region, Northern Territories, Kashmir, Pakistan)".
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Balticistan in the story. "From Rivers and Human Rights: the Northern Territories, Pakistan's Forgotten Colony in Jammu and Kashmir".