Gambier Islands French PolynesiaGambrian Islands French Polynesia
Gambier isles ( "Îles Gambier" in French) are a small (30 km2) group of inhabited archipelagoes (1319 people), remains of a small calendara together with small isles on the nearby fringe of reefs, situated in Polynesia, at the south-eastern end of the Tuamotu. The Tuamotus are generally regarded as a distinct set of Tuamotu isles because their mangarevan (culture and language) are much more intimately related to those of the Marquesas and because the Tuamotus include several necklaces of Korallenatollen, while the Gambiers are of Vulcan origins with centrally high isles.
Gambier Island includes the Mangareva Island (the actual Gambier Islands), which has an encircling wall of corals that is only breached by three passageways to the open ocean. In addition to Mangareva, Akamaru, Angakauitai, Aukena, Kamaka, Kouaku, Makapu, Makaroa, Manui, Mekiro and Taravai are remarkable high isles of the group.
Some others are actually volcanically originated like Papuri, Puaumu, Totengengie and the Tokorua group. Mangareva Isles can be found at 23°09?S 134°58?W / 23. Rikitea, on Mangareva, is the main city, as is the highest point of the Gambiers, Mt. Duff, which rises up to 441 meters on the southern shore of the isle.
Gambier's isles include: The Temoe Atoll: a major isle and a doze of moto separate by passing over the cay. Archipelago is located in the middle part of the Laguna (only high archipelago is constantly inhabited): in the northern part the high Mangareva archipelago (the biggest of the Atolls ) and the Rumarei archipelago; in the north-east the high Aukena archipelago; in the south-east the high Akamaru archipelago, the two smaller Makapu, Mekiro and the two Atumata, Teohootepohatu isles; in the south-east the highest Akamaru isles; and in the south-east the south-east of the Mekiro area; in the south-east there are two isles; in the south-east there are two islands;
the tall Kamaka Isles in the north, the two smaller Makaroa, Manui, and Motu Teiku Isles; the high Taravai and Angakauitai Isles in the east and the Tepu Nui and Motu-O-Ari Isles in the north: low isles on the sea wall (none of them inhabited):
in the northwest the isle of Tenoko; in the northeast the isle of Papuri; the three isles Teauaone, Tepapuri and Puaumu; in the northeast the four Isles Vaiatekeue, Teauotu, Apou and Tuaeu; Totegegie ( "Totegegie" airport), Tarauru Roa, Gaioio; Tauna and Tekava on the eastern side; Kouaku on the southeast; Tokorua on the western side (occasionally appearing).
From about the tenth to the fifteenth century, the Gambiers housed a populace of several thousand inhabitants and trade with other groups of archipelagos such as the Marquesas, the Society and Pitcairn Archipelago. The overdeforestation by the inhabitants of the Mangareva archipelago, however, led to an almost total clearing of Mangareva, with catastrophic consequences for the environmental and economic situation of the area.
Island people are experiencing a slippery slope into a period of conflict and even Kannibalism as trading relations with the outside worlds collapsed, and archeological research has corroborated this. Today, the island can only accommodate a few hundred inhabitants. 1834 the Picpus priest Honoré Laval and François Caret established a Roman-Catholic missions in the Gambiers with their assistent Columba Murphy.
Stories and perspectives on political independence in Hawai?i, Tahiti Nui/French Polynesia and Rapa Nui. "The French are accusing the Pacific Nukes." Killing a nation. Mangareva's demise and the impact of the mission to the Gambian population.