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This is Fredrikstad (listen (help-info); formerly Frederiksstad; verbatim Fredrik's Town) is a town and community in Østfold, Norway. Fredrikstad is the town' s administration center. Fredrikstad was estabilished in 1567 by King Frederick II and on January 1, 1838 was born as a parish (see formannskapsdistrikt).
Glemmen was amalgamated with Fredrikstad on 1 January 1964. Fredrikstad and Borge, Onsøy, Kråkerøy and Rolvsøy were amalgamated on 1 January 1994. It crosses the Glomma for the Skagerrak. Together with neighbouring Sarpsborg, Fredrikstad is the fifth biggest town in Norway:
Fredrikstad, Sarpsborg. According to statistics, these two communities had a combined of 136,117 inhabitants as of 1 January 2018, 80,977 of them in Fredrikstad and 55,140 in Sarpsborg. The Fredrikstad was constructed at the Glomma estuary as a substitute after Sarpsborg (15 km upstream) was burned down by the Swedes' army in the 1500s.
Several of the inhabitants remained behind and reconstructed their old quarters at their initial location and received their urban designation in 1839. Situated on the western shore of the Glomma, the old part of the island on the eastern shore is the best conserved walled settlement in northern Europe. It had a large saw mill and was an important port for wood exports, later for ship building, until the shipyard was shut down in 1988.
Fredrikstad was the last venue for the Tall Ships' Racing in 2005, which attracted tens of thousands into town. In 1569 the town was renamed after the famous Frederick II. Its last item urban means "city". Before 1877 the name Frederiksstad was mentioned, then from 1877-1888 as Fredriksstad and since 1889 in its present form:
Fredrikstad. When Sarpsborg was burnt down during the Seven Years' War, the reigning Frederick II of Denmark decreed by the Danish kings to reconstruct the town 15 kilometers southwards of its whereabouts. Fredrikstad was first used in a charter from the Emperor on 6 February 1569.
During the Hannibal War (1644-1645) between Sweden and Denmark-Norway, the provisional fort was fortified for ever. In the next 60 years several forts were constructed on Fredrikstad Fortress, among them Isegran, Kongsten and Cicignon. Later this part of the town was growing more rapidly than the old town and became the dominating one.
In 1764, most of the old town burnt down in a fire. During the 1840' the export of lumber from Fredrikstad began to gather speed. During the 1860s several steam-powered sawmills were constructed along the riverbank, and in 1879 the Fredrikstad railroad arrived, which led to further expansion. Fredrikstad's output was converted to other commodities with the fall in export sales due to the modernisation of the forest-based industry in the early 1900s.
Later it became one of Norway's most important industry centers, renowned for its large Fredrikstad Mekaniske Verksted dockyard. There are three grammar colleges in Fredrikstad. The Gymnasium Glmmen provides vocational and academic courses. Toppidrett Wang Fredrikstad provides sport, academia, languages, sociology and business. The Østfold University College provides higher educational (Master's and Bachelor's) courses at the Academy of Performing Arts, the Faculty of Health and Welfare and the Faculty of Engineering in Kråkerøy.
Østfold College is also located here, offering brief vocational training based on a craftsman / apprentice, an accreditation or at least five years of expertise in engineering and healthcare /sociology. The journalism section is also based in Fredrikstad. First and foremost, the division provides training for reporters and editorial staff.
The Fredrikstad is home to nine times Fredrikstad FK, Norway's championship winner, who plays at Fredrikstad Stadium. There' s also an old fashioned ball club, the Fredrikstad Eagles. The Fredrikstad also houses several floor-hockey clubs in Norway such as Slevik IBK, Fredrikstad IBK and St. Croix Pirates. Isabelle Herlovsen, a member of the Norway international squad.
Drillo " Olsen, senior executive of the Norway international soccer squad in the 1990s. Have a look at Fredrikstad in Wiktionary, the free online glossary.